Commonly Asked Questions about Addiction and Treatment
How to help someone that is detoxing from opioids?
Helping someone detoxing from opioids is a delicate process that requires careful attention, support, and understanding. Here are some ways you can assist:
Encourage Professional Help: Detoxing from opioids should ideally be done under the supervision of healthcare professionals. Encourage them to seek professional help, as this ensures their safety throughout the process and provides them with the best chance for successful recovery.
Learn About Opioid Withdrawal: Understanding the process of opioid withdrawal can help you be more empathetic and supportive. Symptoms can include anxiety, restlessness, insomnia, and flu-like symptoms such as sweating and diarrhea. Also, be aware of Post-Acute Withdrawal Syndrome (PAWS), which can present psychological symptoms like mood swings and depression for weeks or months after the initial detox period.
Provide Emotional Support: Be patient, understanding, and supportive. Listen to them, be there for them, and reassure them that they're not alone in this process. Avoid shaming or blaming, which can increase feelings of guilt and discourage recovery efforts.
Support Their Treatment Plan: Help them stick to their treatment plan. This could involve driving them to appointments, ensuring they take prescribed medications, or helping them manage their schedule to accommodate therapy or support group meetings.
Promote Healthy Habits: Encourage them to eat healthily, exercise, and get enough sleep. These habits can help strengthen their physical health and resilience during detox and recovery.
Limit Triggers: Help create an environment that minimizes triggers for drug use. This might involve clearing out substances and paraphernalia, or avoiding places or people associated with drug use.
Join a Support Group: Consider attending a support group for friends and family members of people with substance use disorders, such as Nar-Anon. These groups can offer valuable advice, resources, and support for you as you help your loved one.
Take Care of Yourself: Supporting someone through detox can be emotionally demanding. Make sure to take care of your own mental and physical health, too. Self-care isn't selfish�''it's crucial for you to be able to provide sustained support to your loved one.
How does denial impact drug and alcohol abusers?
"Denial can have a profound impact on individuals struggling with drug and alcohol addiction, significantly affecting their health, relationships, and overall quality of life. Here are some ways in which denial can impact substance abusers:
Prevents Acknowledgment of the Problem: The most immediate impact of denial is that it prevents individuals from recognizing and acknowledging that they have a problem with drugs or alcohol. This can delay them from seeking treatment and starting the recovery process.
Perpetuates Substance Abuse: Denial can contribute to the continued use of substances despite negative consequences. Individuals may downplay the extent of their substance use or its impact on their life, allowing the cycle of addiction to continue.
Deteriorates Health: Denial can lead to a lack of recognition of the serious health consequences related to substance abuse. This can result in worsening physical health, including damage to vital organs, increased risk of disease, and potential overdose.
Strains Relationships: Denial can strain relationships with friends, family, and loved ones. It can cause conflicts, broken trust, and isolation, as the individual may reject concern from others or fail to acknowledge the impact of their substance use on those around them.
Hinders Professional and Academic Progress: Denial can prevent individuals from seeing the negative effects of their addiction on their work or studies. This can lead to job loss, poor academic performance, or loss of career or educational opportunities.
Interferes with Treatment: Even if an individual does seek treatment, denial can interfere with the effectiveness of the intervention. An individual in denial may be resistant to treatment strategies, less likely to engage fully in the recovery process, or more likely to relapse.
What is drug addiction commonly called in the mental health fields?
In the mental health field, drug addiction is commonly referred to as a "Substance Use Disorder" (SUD). This term is used in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), which is the standard classification of mental disorders used by mental health professionals in the United States.
A Substance Use Disorder is defined as a pattern of behaviors characterized by an inability to control or cut down on use, spending a lot of time obtaining the substance, craving the substance, failing to fulfill obligations at work, school, or home due to substance use, and continuing to use the substance despite knowing it's causing physical or psychological harm.
Substance Use Disorders can be further categorized based on the specific substance involved, such as Alcohol Use Disorder, Opioid Use Disorder, Cannabis Use Disorder, and so forth. The severity of the disorder is also assessed (mild, moderate, or severe) based on the number of diagnostic criteria met by an individual.
It's worth noting that this terminology emphasizes the understanding of drug addiction as a medical disorder, rather than a moral failing or a matter of willpower. This shift in language is part of a larger effort to reduce stigma and promote a more compassionate, effective approach to treatment.