Commonly Asked Questions about Addiction and Treatment
What are the symptoms of alcoholism?
Alcoholism, also known as Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD), is a chronic condition characterized by an inability to control alcohol consumption despite adverse consequences. The symptoms of alcoholism can vary among individuals but typically include a combination of physical, psychological, and behavioral signs. Some common symptoms include:
- Increased tolerance: A need for increasing amounts of alcohol to achieve the same desired effect, or experiencing diminished effects with continued use of the same amount.
- Withdrawal symptoms: Experiencing physical and psychological symptoms when not drinking, such as tremors, sweating, nausea, anxiety, irritability, or insomnia.
- Loss of control: An inability to limit alcohol consumption, often drinking more or for a longer period than intended.
- Neglect of responsibilities: Failing to fulfill work, school, or family obligations due to alcohol use.
- Social isolation: Withdrawing from social activities or hobbies once enjoyed, in favor of drinking.
- Continued use despite consequences: Continuing to consume alcohol despite negative consequences, such as relationship problems, health issues, or legal troubles.
- Cravings: Experiencing strong urges or cravings to drink alcohol.
- Unsuccessful attempts to quit: Repeated attempts to cut down or quit drinking, without success.
- Risky behavior: Engaging in risky behaviors while under the influence of alcohol, such as driving, operating machinery, or engaging in unprotected sex.
- Time spent on alcohol: Spending a significant amount of time obtaining, consuming, or recovering from the effects of alcohol.
- Physical dependence: Developing a physiological reliance on alcohol, leading to withdrawal symptoms when alcohol consumption is reduced or stopped.
- Neglect of self-care: Neglecting personal hygiene, nutrition, or overall well-being as a result of alcohol use.
Can I go cold turkey to stop abusing opioids?
While going "cold turkey," or suddenly stopping the use of opioids, might seem like a fast way to begin recovery, it's generally not recommended due to the severity of withdrawal symptoms and potential health risks.
Opioid withdrawal can be intensely uncomfortable and, in some cases, hazardous. Symptoms can include severe cravings, restlessness, muscle and bone pain, insomnia, diarrhea, vomiting, cold flashes, and involuntary leg movements. In severe cases, withdrawal can lead to serious dehydration or electrolyte imbalances.
Furthermore, abruptly stopping opioid use can significantly increase the risk of relapse. The discomfort of withdrawal symptoms may make it more difficult to stay abstinent, and an individual may be tempted to use again just to relieve these symptoms. If a person relapses and takes the same dose they were previously accustomed to, the risk of overdose is high because the body's tolerance to the substance has decreased.
For these reasons, opioid withdrawal should ideally be managed under the supervision of healthcare professionals. Medication-assisted treatment (MAT), which includes medications like methadone, buprenorphine (Suboxone), and naltrexone, can be used to help reduce withdrawal symptoms and cravings. These medications work by acting on the same brain receptors targeted by opioids, but they do so in a safer manner that helps to manage withdrawal and reduce the risk of relapse.
In addition to MAT, counseling and behavioral therapies are typically part of a comprehensive treatment program for opioid use disorder. These approaches can help individuals develop the skills and strategies needed to maintain recovery in the long term.
If a drug abuser loved their family wouldn't they stop?
Substance Use Disorder, commonly known as addiction, is a complex disease that affects the brain and behavior. It's important to understand that addiction is not a matter of willpower or moral strength, and it doesn't reflect an individual's love or lack of love for their family. Here's why a person struggling with addiction might not simply stop, even if they deeply care for their family:
Altered Brain Function: Drugs can alter the brain's structure and function, especially in areas related to reward, judgment, decision-making, learning, and memory. This can lead to intense cravings and a compulsive desire to use drugs, despite knowing the harm they're causing.
Physical Dependence: Regular use of certain drugs can lead to physical dependence, where the body needs the drug to function normally. Stopping the drug can cause uncomfortable or even dangerous withdrawal symptoms, which can make quitting extremely difficult without medical help.
Psychological Dependence: Some individuals use drugs to cope with stress, trauma, or mental health disorders. These individuals may feel they cannot function or feel normal without the substance, and overcoming this psychological dependence can be challenging.
Fear of Withdrawal: Fear of the withdrawal process, which can be physically and emotionally painful, can deter individuals from quitting, even if they want to stop for their loved ones.
Denial: Many people struggling with addiction are in denial about the extent of their problem. They may not realize or admit how much their substance use is hurting themselves and their family.
Loving someone, even deeply, does not automatically grant the ability to overcome addiction. Recovery often requires professional help and involves more than just the decision to stop using drugs. It includes learning new coping skills, addressing underlying issues that may contribute to the addiction, and receiving ongoing support. With proper treatment and support, many people are able to recover from addiction and rebuild their relationships with their loved ones.