Commonly Asked Questions about Addiction and Treatment
What are things I should look for when choosing a rehab?
When choosing a rehab facility for yourself or a loved one, it's important to consider several factors to ensure the best fit and the highest likelihood of a successful recovery. Here are some key aspects to look for when evaluating potential rehab centers:
- Accreditation and Licensing: Ensure the facility is accredited by a reputable organization and licensed by the appropriate state or national authorities. This helps guarantee that the center meets established standards for quality care and safety.
- Treatment Approaches: Evaluate the treatment methods and therapies offered by the rehab center. Look for evidence-based approaches, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy, motivational interviewing, and medication-assisted treatment, which have been proven effective for treating addiction.
- Specialized Programs: Depending on your needs or the needs of your loved one, you may want to choose a rehab facility that offers specialized programs, such as those tailored for specific substances, co-occurring mental health disorders, or unique populations (e.g., veterans, LGBTQ+ individuals, or adolescents).
- Customized Treatment Plans: A high-quality rehab facility should develop an individualized treatment plan for each client, taking into account their unique needs, goals, and circumstances. This ensures that the treatment approach is tailored to provide the best possible support for lasting recovery.
- Duration of Treatment: Consider the length of treatment options offered by the facility. While shorter programs (e.g., 28-30 days) may be sufficient for some, others may benefit from longer stays (e.g., 60-90 days or more) to fully address their addiction and underlying issues.
- Aftercare and Continuing Support: Look for a rehab facility that offers aftercare services, such as ongoing counseling, support groups, or transitional living arrangements. These services can provide essential support during the transition back to everyday life and help maintain long-term recovery.
- Qualified Staff: Ensure the rehab center employs experienced, licensed, and compassionate professionals, such as therapists, counselors, doctors, and nurses, who are trained in addiction treatment and recovery.
- Family Involvement: Some rehab centers offer family programs or therapy sessions to involve family members in the recovery process. This can provide valuable support and help address any family dynamics that may contribute to addiction.
- Cost and Insurance: Consider the cost of treatment and whether the rehab center accepts your insurance plan or offers payment assistance options, such as sliding-scale fees or financing.
- Facility Amenities and Environment: Take into account the physical environment and amenities of the rehab center. A comfortable, clean, and safe environment can contribute to a more positive and focused recovery experience.
How can I tell if I am an enabler?
"Enabling is a behavior often seen in the relationships of individuals struggling with addiction. An enabler, often without realizing it, may protect the individual with addiction from the consequences of their behavior, thus indirectly encouraging continued substance use. If you're unsure whether you might be enabling someone's addiction, consider the following signs:
- Rescuing: If you frequently find yourself covering up or making excuses for the individual's substance use or its consequences - like calling in sick to their job for them, paying their bills, or lying to others to conceal their addiction - this could be enabling.
- Denying: If you downplay the severity of their addiction, dismiss the negative impact it has, or avoid discussing it entirely, you may be enabling.
- Avoiding Conflict: If you consistently avoid confrontations or difficult conversations about their substance use out of fear it may cause tension or lead them to use more, this can be a form of enabling.
- Taking on Their Responsibilities: If you've taken on their duties - like household chores, parenting responsibilities, or work commitments - to compensate for their inability or unwillingness to fulfill them due to their addiction, you could be enabling.
- Providing Financial Support: If you're frequently giving them money, which they could be using to support their addiction, or bailing them out of financial problems caused by their substance use, this is often a clear sign of enabling.
- Ignoring Damaging Behaviors: If you tend to overlook or dismiss destructive or harmful behaviors associated with their addiction, you may be enabling.
What drugs turn off emotions and make you feel numb?
Several classes of drugs can have the effect of numbing emotions or creating a feeling of emotional detachment. It's important to note that these effects can vary widely between individuals and depend on many factors, including the dosage, the method of use, and the individual's personal physiology and psychology. Here are a few examples:
Depressants: This category of drugs, which includes alcohol, benzodiazepines (like Xanax or Valium), and opioids (like heroin or prescription painkillers), can reduce brain activity and dull emotions. Users often report feeling numb or detached from their emotions.
Dissociatives: Dissociative drugs like ketamine, PCP, and certain kinds of cough medicines containing dextromethorphan (DXM), can induce a state of detachment from reality and one's self, which can include a sense of emotional numbness.
Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs): While primarily used as antidepressants, some individuals report feeling emotionally numb or detached when taking SSRIs. This is generally considered a side effect, and if experienced, should be discussed with a healthcare provider.
Antipsychotics: These medications are primarily used to treat conditions like schizophrenia, but they can also induce a state of emotional numbness or flatness in some individuals.
While these substances can make a person feel emotionally numb, it's important to note that this is often a temporary and potentially harmful solution. Long-term use can lead to a range of negative health effects, including physical dependence, addiction, and a worsening of emotional or mental health symptoms. If you're feeling overwhelmed by your emotions, it's crucial to seek help from a mental health professional rather than turning to substances. They can provide support and discuss healthier ways to cope with these feelings.