Commonly Asked Questions about Addiction and Treatment
When a person is a substance abuser, don't they realize their life is being destroyed?
Substance Use Disorder, commonly known as addiction, is a complex condition that can significantly impact a person's judgment, perceptions, and decision-making abilities. Here are a few reasons why someone struggling with substance abuse might not fully realize the extent of the damage it's causing to their life:
Denial: It's common for individuals suffering from addiction to be in denial about the extent of their problem. They might underestimate how much or how often they use, or they may not acknowledge the negative consequences that their substance use is causing.
Altered Brain Function: Addiction affects the brain's reward system and impairs cognitive function. This can distort a person's ability to clearly see the harm that their substance use is causing. They may focus intensely on the immediate rewards of drug use while minimizing or ignoring the long-term negative consequences.
Co-occurring Disorders: Many people with Substance Use Disorder also have other mental health disorders, such as depression or anxiety. These conditions can exacerbate feelings of denial or self-deception about the extent of the substance abuse problem.
Fear and Shame: Fear of withdrawal, fear of change, and shame about their substance use can also prevent individuals from admitting to themselves or others the full extent of their problem.
Lack of Awareness: Some individuals may not understand the signs and symptoms of addiction, or they may not recognize that they can seek help and that recovery is possible.
Is there free help for drug and alcohol addiction?
Yes, there is free help available for individuals struggling with drug and alcohol addiction. Numerous resources and support systems exist to provide assistance at no cost. Some of these options include:
National Helplines: Many countries have dedicated helplines for substance abuse and mental health issues. In the United States, the SAMHSA National Helpline (1-800-662-HELP) offers free, confidential, 24/7 assistance in English and Spanish.
Peer Support Groups: Local support groups, such as Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) or Narcotics Anonymous (NA), provide free peer-to-peer support, guidance, and resources for individuals facing addiction. Meetings can be found in various locations and are open to all.
Non-profit and Faith-based Organizations: Some non-profit and faith-based organizations offer free addiction support services, including counseling, group therapy, and recovery programs. Local community centers, churches, mosques, and synagogues may have information about available resources in your area.
Online Support Communities: Several websites and online forums offer free support and resources for individuals in recovery from addiction. These virtual communities can provide valuable information, advice, and encouragement from peers facing similar challenges.
State-Funded Treatment Programs: In many regions, state-funded addiction treatment programs provide free or low-cost services to eligible residents. Contact your local health department or substance abuse agency for information on available programs in your area.
Public Libraries: Local libraries often have free resources related to addiction, recovery, and mental health, including books, DVDs, and pamphlets. Librarians can also help you locate additional resources and services within your community.
What does fentanyl do to a person?
Fentanyl is a synthetic opioid pain reliever that is 50 to 100 times more potent than morphine. It's typically used to treat severe pain, especially after surgery, or to manage pain in individuals with chronic illnesses who have developed a tolerance to other opioids.
When used under medical supervision, fentanyl can effectively relieve pain. However, when used illicitly or without a prescription, it can have severe, and even fatal, effects. Here's what fentanyl can do to a person:
Physical Effects: In the short term, fentanyl can induce feelings of relaxation, euphoria, and decreased perception of pain. However, it also slows breathing and can lead to unconsciousness or death from respiratory failure, particularly in high doses or when combined with other substances that depress the central nervous system.
Dependency and Addiction: Fentanyl is highly addictive. Regular use can lead to physical dependence, where the body requires the drug to function normally, and psychological addiction, where a person feels a compulsive need to use the drug despite its harmful consequences.
Overdose Risk: Due to its potency, the risk of overdose with fentanyl is high, especially if a person mistakenly believes they're taking a less potent opioid, as illicit fentanyl is often mixed with other drugs. Overdose can lead to severe respiratory depression, unconsciousness, and death.
Withdrawal: Once a person becomes dependent on fentanyl, stopping its use can result in withdrawal symptoms. These can include muscle and bone pain, sleep problems, diarrhea, vomiting, cold flashes, and uncontrollable leg movements.
Long-Term Health Effects: Chronic fentanyl use can lead to an array of health problems, including severe constipation, increased sensitivity to pain, confusion, depression, and increased risk of infections due to needle sharing (if injected).
Due to its potency and high risk of overdose, non-medical use of fentanyl is extremely dangerous. If you or someone you know is struggling with fentanyl or other opioid use, it's crucial to seek professional help immediately.