Commonly Asked Questions about Addiction and Treatment
What are the symptoms of alcoholism?
Alcoholism, also known as Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD), is a chronic condition characterized by an inability to control alcohol consumption despite adverse consequences. The symptoms of alcoholism can vary among individuals but typically include a combination of physical, psychological, and behavioral signs. Some common symptoms include:
- Increased tolerance: A need for increasing amounts of alcohol to achieve the same desired effect, or experiencing diminished effects with continued use of the same amount.
- Withdrawal symptoms: Experiencing physical and psychological symptoms when not drinking, such as tremors, sweating, nausea, anxiety, irritability, or insomnia.
- Loss of control: An inability to limit alcohol consumption, often drinking more or for a longer period than intended.
- Neglect of responsibilities: Failing to fulfill work, school, or family obligations due to alcohol use.
- Social isolation: Withdrawing from social activities or hobbies once enjoyed, in favor of drinking.
- Continued use despite consequences: Continuing to consume alcohol despite negative consequences, such as relationship problems, health issues, or legal troubles.
- Cravings: Experiencing strong urges or cravings to drink alcohol.
- Unsuccessful attempts to quit: Repeated attempts to cut down or quit drinking, without success.
- Risky behavior: Engaging in risky behaviors while under the influence of alcohol, such as driving, operating machinery, or engaging in unprotected sex.
- Time spent on alcohol: Spending a significant amount of time obtaining, consuming, or recovering from the effects of alcohol.
- Physical dependence: Developing a physiological reliance on alcohol, leading to withdrawal symptoms when alcohol consumption is reduced or stopped.
- Neglect of self-care: Neglecting personal hygiene, nutrition, or overall well-being as a result of alcohol use.
When a person is a substance abuser, don't they realize their life is being destroyed?
Substance Use Disorder, commonly known as addiction, is a complex condition that can significantly impact a person's judgment, perceptions, and decision-making abilities. Here are a few reasons why someone struggling with substance abuse might not fully realize the extent of the damage it's causing to their life:
Denial: It's common for individuals suffering from addiction to be in denial about the extent of their problem. They might underestimate how much or how often they use, or they may not acknowledge the negative consequences that their substance use is causing.
Altered Brain Function: Addiction affects the brain's reward system and impairs cognitive function. This can distort a person's ability to clearly see the harm that their substance use is causing. They may focus intensely on the immediate rewards of drug use while minimizing or ignoring the long-term negative consequences.
Co-occurring Disorders: Many people with Substance Use Disorder also have other mental health disorders, such as depression or anxiety. These conditions can exacerbate feelings of denial or self-deception about the extent of the substance abuse problem.
Fear and Shame: Fear of withdrawal, fear of change, and shame about their substance use can also prevent individuals from admitting to themselves or others the full extent of their problem.
Lack of Awareness: Some individuals may not understand the signs and symptoms of addiction, or they may not recognize that they can seek help and that recovery is possible.
How to help someone that is detoxing from opioids?
Helping someone detoxing from opioids is a delicate process that requires careful attention, support, and understanding. Here are some ways you can assist:
Encourage Professional Help: Detoxing from opioids should ideally be done under the supervision of healthcare professionals. Encourage them to seek professional help, as this ensures their safety throughout the process and provides them with the best chance for successful recovery.
Learn About Opioid Withdrawal: Understanding the process of opioid withdrawal can help you be more empathetic and supportive. Symptoms can include anxiety, restlessness, insomnia, and flu-like symptoms such as sweating and diarrhea. Also, be aware of Post-Acute Withdrawal Syndrome (PAWS), which can present psychological symptoms like mood swings and depression for weeks or months after the initial detox period.
Provide Emotional Support: Be patient, understanding, and supportive. Listen to them, be there for them, and reassure them that they're not alone in this process. Avoid shaming or blaming, which can increase feelings of guilt and discourage recovery efforts.
Support Their Treatment Plan: Help them stick to their treatment plan. This could involve driving them to appointments, ensuring they take prescribed medications, or helping them manage their schedule to accommodate therapy or support group meetings.
Promote Healthy Habits: Encourage them to eat healthily, exercise, and get enough sleep. These habits can help strengthen their physical health and resilience during detox and recovery.
Limit Triggers: Help create an environment that minimizes triggers for drug use. This might involve clearing out substances and paraphernalia, or avoiding places or people associated with drug use.
Join a Support Group: Consider attending a support group for friends and family members of people with substance use disorders, such as Nar-Anon. These groups can offer valuable advice, resources, and support for you as you help your loved one.
Take Care of Yourself: Supporting someone through detox can be emotionally demanding. Make sure to take care of your own mental and physical health, too. Self-care isn't selfish�''it's crucial for you to be able to provide sustained support to your loved one.