Commonly Asked Questions about Addiction and Treatment
What is the most common substance abuse disorder?
The most common substance use disorder globally is alcohol use disorder (AUD). This disorder, often referred to as alcoholism, is characterized by an impaired ability to stop or control alcohol use despite adverse social, occupational, or health consequences.
Alcohol use disorder is defined by the American Psychiatric Association in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) as a problematic pattern of alcohol use leading to clinically significant impairment or distress, as manifested by at least two of eleven criteria, within a 12-month period.
The criteria include issues like spending a lot of time drinking, or recovering from drinking, giving up important social or recreational activities in favor of drinking, developing a tolerance (needing to drink more to achieve the desired effect), experiencing withdrawal symptoms when not drinking, and continuing to drink even when it's causing physical or psychological problems.
It's important to note that substance use disorders can develop with the use of many different substances, including illicit drugs like cocaine or heroin, and legal substances like alcohol or prescription medications. The prevalence of these disorders can vary by region and demographic group.
Regardless of the substance involved, these disorders can have serious impacts on individuals' physical and mental health, relationships, and ability to work or study. Treatment can often help people with substance use disorders to recover and lead healthy lives. If you or someone you know is struggling with substance use, don't hesitate to seek professional help.
What can I do to help someone addicted to drugs?
Learn about addiction: Educate yourself on drug addiction, its causes, symptoms, and treatment options. This knowledge will help you better understand the person's struggles and provide informed support.
Approach with empathy: Start a conversation with the person about their drug use in a non-judgmental and empathetic manner. Express your concerns for their well-being and the impact of their drug use on their life.
Encourage professional help: Encourage the person to seek professional assistance from a medical professional, therapist, or addiction counselor. Offer to help them find suitable resources and provide support as they take steps towards treatment.
Offer emotional support: Be available to listen and provide emotional support throughout the recovery process. Maintain open communication and offer a safe space for the individual to share their experiences and feelings.
Suggest support groups: Recommend joining support groups such as Narcotics Anonymous (NA) or SMART Recovery, which provide a community of individuals with similar experiences and offer guidance and encouragement throughout the recovery process.
Set boundaries: Establish clear boundaries to protect your own well-being and communicate your expectations about the person's behavior. Be firm yet compassionate, making it clear that you will not enable their drug use.
Assist with lifestyle changes: Help the person develop healthier habits, such as engaging in physical activity, improving their diet, and finding alternative ways to manage stress. Offer to participate in these activities together to provide additional support and motivation.
Be patient: Recovery from drug addiction is a long-term process, and relapses may occur. Understand that setbacks are part of the journey, and continue to offer support and encouragement as the person works towards sobriety.
Care for yourself: Supporting someone with drug addiction can be emotionally taxing. Ensure you are taking care of your own mental and emotional health by seeking support from friends, family, or professional counselors if needed.
Will insurance companies pay for substance abuse treatment?
Yes, many insurance companies do provide coverage for substance abuse treatment, but the extent and specifics of the coverage can vary widely depending on the individual insurance policy and the provider.
This coverage is largely due to the Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act of 2008 in the United States, which requires health insurers and group health plans to provide the same level of benefits for mental and/or substance use treatment and services that they do for medical/surgical care.
Here's a closer look at some key aspects:
Types of Treatment Covered: Many insurance policies cover a range of substance abuse treatments, including detoxification, inpatient rehab, outpatient rehab, medication-assisted treatment, and ongoing counseling or therapy. However, the specific treatments covered will depend on your particular insurance policy.
Co-Pays and Deductibles: Even if an insurance policy covers substance abuse treatment, you may still be responsible for co-pays, deductibles, or coinsurance. These costs can vary depending on the specifics of your insurance plan.
Network Restrictions: Some insurance plans may only cover treatment provided by certain providers or facilities within their network. It's important to check with your insurance company to determine which providers are covered under your plan.
Preauthorization: Some insurance plans require preauthorization for certain types of substance abuse treatment. This means that the treatment must be approved by the insurance company before they will cover the cost.
Duration of Coverage: The duration of coverage for substance abuse treatment can vary. Some insurance plans may only cover a certain number of days of inpatient treatment or a certain number of therapy sessions, for example.
Affordable Care Act (ACA): Under the ACA, all health insurance plans sold on Health Insurance Exchanges must cover substance use disorder services.