Commonly Asked Questions about Addiction and Treatment
What is the 12 step method for treating addiction?
"The 12-step method for treating addiction is a structured, peer-based approach that originated with Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) in the 1930s. Since then, it has been adapted for various other substance use disorders and behavioral addictions, including Narcotics Anonymous (NA), Gamblers Anonymous (GA), and Overeaters Anonymous (OA), among others. The method is based on a set of guiding principles, known as the 12 steps, that outline a path to recovery, personal growth, and spiritual development.
The 12 steps of the method are as follows:
- Admitting powerlessness over the addiction and recognizing that one's life has become unmanageable.
- Believing that a higher power (interpreted by each individual according to their beliefs) can restore sanity and provide support in recovery.
- Deciding to turn one's will and life over to the care of the higher power.
- Conducting a thorough and honest moral inventory of oneself.
- Admitting to oneself, the higher power, and another person the exact nature of one's wrongs and shortcomings.
- Being ready to have the higher power remove these defects of character.
- Humbly asking the higher power to remove one's shortcomings.
- Making a list of all the people harmed by one's addiction and being willing to make amends to them.
- Making direct amends to those harmed, whenever possible, except when doing so would cause harm to them or others.
- Continuing to take personal inventory and promptly admitting when one is wrong.
- Seeking to improve one's conscious contact with the higher power through prayer and meditation, asking for knowledge of the higher power's will and the strength to carry it out.
- Having experienced a spiritual awakening as a result of these steps, carrying the message to others struggling with addiction and practicing these principles in all aspects of life.
The 12-step method emphasizes the importance of peer support, mutual aid, and the sharing of personal experiences as a means of overcoming addiction. Participants typically attend regular meetings, where they share their stories, listen to others, and work through the steps at their own pace. Many 12-step programs also encourage members to find a sponsor, an experienced member who has worked through the steps and can provide guidance, support, and accountability during the recovery process."
What is smart recovery?
SMART Recovery (Self-Management and Recovery Training) is a global community of mutual-support groups that provide a structured, scientifically grounded program to help people manage their recovery from any type of addictive behavior, including substance abuse and behavioral addictions.
SMART Recovery's approach is different from other recovery programs like Alcoholics Anonymous or Narcotics Anonymous, which are based on the 12-step model. Instead of focusing on the concept of "powerlessness" over addiction, SMART Recovery emphasizes self-empowerment and self-reliance. It promotes the ability of individuals to change their own thoughts and behaviors to overcome addiction.
The SMART Recovery program is based on principles of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and motivational interviewing. It is designed around a 4-point program:
- Building and maintaining motivation: This helps individuals to build their motivation to change and avoid relapsing.
- Coping with urges: This gives individuals the skills to deal with urges or cravings as they arise.
- Managing thoughts, feelings, and behaviors: This is about developing healthy thoughts, emotions, and actions in place of the destructive ones that can lead to addictive behaviors.
- Living a balanced life: This involves individuals identifying what they truly value in life and building their lives around those values, leading to satisfaction and fulfillment beyond their addiction.
SMART Recovery meetings, both in-person and online, are facilitated by trained volunteers and are free to attend, though donations are appreciated. The program also offers a variety of tools and techniques for self-empowerment and self-directed change, available in various formats such as handbooks, worksheets, and online resources.
What percentages of interventions for drug and alcohol addiction are successful?
Quantifying the exact success rate of interventions for drug and alcohol addiction can be challenging due to the complex nature of addiction, variability in intervention methods and follow-up, and differences in how "success" is defined. However, studies suggest that interventions can indeed be effective in encouraging individuals to seek help for their substance use disorders.
It's important to note that the term "intervention" covers a wide range of strategies aimed at encouraging individuals to seek treatment. These can include formal interventions organized by a professional interventionist, interventions conducted by family and friends, or interventions carried out by healthcare providers.
The success of an intervention can depend on numerous factors, including:
The specific nature of the person's addiction: The type of substance used, the severity of the addiction, and the presence of co-occurring mental health disorders can all influence the effectiveness of an intervention.
The type of intervention used: Some types of interventions may be more effective than others, depending on the individual and their specific circumstances.
The involvement of a professional: Interventions led by professionals who have experience dealing with addiction can potentially have higher success rates because they have the skills and knowledge to manage complex dynamics that can arise.
The readiness of the individual: An intervention may be more successful if the person is already contemplating change or recognizes they have a problem.
While it's difficult to provide a specific success rate, it's important to understand that even if an intervention doesn't immediately result in the person seeking treatment, it can still plant a seed that leads to future change. It can increase the person's awareness of their problem and their impact on others, which can prompt them to consider treatment at a later date.
Remember, it's crucial to approach interventions with empathy, respect, and understanding, as addiction is a complex disease that often requires ongoing support and care. If you're considering an intervention, it may be helpful to consult with a healthcare provider or an addiction professional to determine the best approach.