Commonly Asked Questions about Addiction and Treatment
What is smart recovery?
SMART Recovery (Self-Management and Recovery Training) is a global community of mutual-support groups that provide a structured, scientifically grounded program to help people manage their recovery from any type of addictive behavior, including substance abuse and behavioral addictions.
SMART Recovery's approach is different from other recovery programs like Alcoholics Anonymous or Narcotics Anonymous, which are based on the 12-step model. Instead of focusing on the concept of "powerlessness" over addiction, SMART Recovery emphasizes self-empowerment and self-reliance. It promotes the ability of individuals to change their own thoughts and behaviors to overcome addiction.
The SMART Recovery program is based on principles of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and motivational interviewing. It is designed around a 4-point program:
- Building and maintaining motivation: This helps individuals to build their motivation to change and avoid relapsing.
- Coping with urges: This gives individuals the skills to deal with urges or cravings as they arise.
- Managing thoughts, feelings, and behaviors: This is about developing healthy thoughts, emotions, and actions in place of the destructive ones that can lead to addictive behaviors.
- Living a balanced life: This involves individuals identifying what they truly value in life and building their lives around those values, leading to satisfaction and fulfillment beyond their addiction.
SMART Recovery meetings, both in-person and online, are facilitated by trained volunteers and are free to attend, though donations are appreciated. The program also offers a variety of tools and techniques for self-empowerment and self-directed change, available in various formats such as handbooks, worksheets, and online resources.
What is the 12 step method for treating addiction?
"The 12-step method for treating addiction is a structured, peer-based approach that originated with Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) in the 1930s. Since then, it has been adapted for various other substance use disorders and behavioral addictions, including Narcotics Anonymous (NA), Gamblers Anonymous (GA), and Overeaters Anonymous (OA), among others. The method is based on a set of guiding principles, known as the 12 steps, that outline a path to recovery, personal growth, and spiritual development.
The 12 steps of the method are as follows:
- Admitting powerlessness over the addiction and recognizing that one's life has become unmanageable.
- Believing that a higher power (interpreted by each individual according to their beliefs) can restore sanity and provide support in recovery.
- Deciding to turn one's will and life over to the care of the higher power.
- Conducting a thorough and honest moral inventory of oneself.
- Admitting to oneself, the higher power, and another person the exact nature of one's wrongs and shortcomings.
- Being ready to have the higher power remove these defects of character.
- Humbly asking the higher power to remove one's shortcomings.
- Making a list of all the people harmed by one's addiction and being willing to make amends to them.
- Making direct amends to those harmed, whenever possible, except when doing so would cause harm to them or others.
- Continuing to take personal inventory and promptly admitting when one is wrong.
- Seeking to improve one's conscious contact with the higher power through prayer and meditation, asking for knowledge of the higher power's will and the strength to carry it out.
- Having experienced a spiritual awakening as a result of these steps, carrying the message to others struggling with addiction and practicing these principles in all aspects of life.
The 12-step method emphasizes the importance of peer support, mutual aid, and the sharing of personal experiences as a means of overcoming addiction. Participants typically attend regular meetings, where they share their stories, listen to others, and work through the steps at their own pace. Many 12-step programs also encourage members to find a sponsor, an experienced member who has worked through the steps and can provide guidance, support, and accountability during the recovery process."
What drugs turn off emotions and make you feel numb?
Several classes of drugs can have the effect of numbing emotions or creating a feeling of emotional detachment. It's important to note that these effects can vary widely between individuals and depend on many factors, including the dosage, the method of use, and the individual's personal physiology and psychology. Here are a few examples:
Depressants: This category of drugs, which includes alcohol, benzodiazepines (like Xanax or Valium), and opioids (like heroin or prescription painkillers), can reduce brain activity and dull emotions. Users often report feeling numb or detached from their emotions.
Dissociatives: Dissociative drugs like ketamine, PCP, and certain kinds of cough medicines containing dextromethorphan (DXM), can induce a state of detachment from reality and one's self, which can include a sense of emotional numbness.
Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs): While primarily used as antidepressants, some individuals report feeling emotionally numb or detached when taking SSRIs. This is generally considered a side effect, and if experienced, should be discussed with a healthcare provider.
Antipsychotics: These medications are primarily used to treat conditions like schizophrenia, but they can also induce a state of emotional numbness or flatness in some individuals.
While these substances can make a person feel emotionally numb, it's important to note that this is often a temporary and potentially harmful solution. Long-term use can lead to a range of negative health effects, including physical dependence, addiction, and a worsening of emotional or mental health symptoms. If you're feeling overwhelmed by your emotions, it's crucial to seek help from a mental health professional rather than turning to substances. They can provide support and discuss healthier ways to cope with these feelings.