Commonly Asked Questions about Addiction and Treatment
If a drug abuser loved their family wouldn't they stop?
Substance Use Disorder, commonly known as addiction, is a complex disease that affects the brain and behavior. It's important to understand that addiction is not a matter of willpower or moral strength, and it doesn't reflect an individual's love or lack of love for their family. Here's why a person struggling with addiction might not simply stop, even if they deeply care for their family:
Altered Brain Function: Drugs can alter the brain's structure and function, especially in areas related to reward, judgment, decision-making, learning, and memory. This can lead to intense cravings and a compulsive desire to use drugs, despite knowing the harm they're causing.
Physical Dependence: Regular use of certain drugs can lead to physical dependence, where the body needs the drug to function normally. Stopping the drug can cause uncomfortable or even dangerous withdrawal symptoms, which can make quitting extremely difficult without medical help.
Psychological Dependence: Some individuals use drugs to cope with stress, trauma, or mental health disorders. These individuals may feel they cannot function or feel normal without the substance, and overcoming this psychological dependence can be challenging.
Fear of Withdrawal: Fear of the withdrawal process, which can be physically and emotionally painful, can deter individuals from quitting, even if they want to stop for their loved ones.
Denial: Many people struggling with addiction are in denial about the extent of their problem. They may not realize or admit how much their substance use is hurting themselves and their family.
Loving someone, even deeply, does not automatically grant the ability to overcome addiction. Recovery often requires professional help and involves more than just the decision to stop using drugs. It includes learning new coping skills, addressing underlying issues that may contribute to the addiction, and receiving ongoing support. With proper treatment and support, many people are able to recover from addiction and rebuild their relationships with their loved ones.
What are the symptoms of opioid withdrawal?
Opioid withdrawal can be a challenging process that presents both physical and psychological symptoms. These symptoms can range from mild to severe, depending on factors like the type of opioid used, the duration and intensity of use, individual health status, and genetic factors. Here are common symptoms that might be experienced during opioid withdrawal:
- Muscle aches and pains
- Restlessness and agitation
- Runny nose and teary eyes
- Excessive yawning
- Goosebumps (hence the term "cold turkey")
- Abdominal cramping, diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting
- Rapid heartbeat
- High blood pressure
- Intense cravings for opioids
These symptoms can begin as early as a few hours after the last dose of the opioid and typically peak within 72 hours, though they may persist for a week or more. Post-acute withdrawal symptoms, which are primarily psychological, can continue for weeks or even months.
It's important to note that while opioid withdrawal can be extremely uncomfortable, it is generally not life-threatening. However, complications like severe dehydration due to vomiting and diarrhea can occur, which is why medical supervision is recommended during the withdrawal process. Furthermore, the risk of relapse is high during withdrawal, and using opioids again after a period of abstinence can lead to a potentially fatal overdose, as tolerance may have decreased.
Where can I enroll for online drug abuse counseling?
Online drug abuse counseling is increasingly available, offering a convenient and flexible option for those seeking help with substance use disorders. You can enroll in online counseling through several different types of services. Here are a few to consider:
- Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA): This U.S. government agency provides a treatment services locator on their website, which can be used to find both local and online resources.
- Private Therapy Platforms: Numerous online platforms, such as Talkspace or BetterHelp, connect individuals with licensed therapists who are trained in treating substance abuse. These platforms offer a variety of communication options, including messaging, video calls, and phone sessions.
- Local Healthcare Providers: Many hospitals, clinics, and private practitioners have started offering teletherapy services, especially in the wake of increased demand during the COVID-19 pandemic. Check with local providers to see if this is an option.
- Insurance Providers: If you have health insurance, check with your provider to see if they cover online substance abuse counseling. They may have a list of preferred providers or platforms.
- Online Support Groups: While not a replacement for professional counseling, online support groups can be a valuable part of a recovery strategy. Groups like Narcotics Anonymous and SMART Recovery offer online meetings.
- Employee Assistance Programs (EAPs): If you're employed, your workplace may offer an EAP, which often includes mental health resources and may cover substance abuse counseling.