Ohio is located in the Midwestern United States, and is the 34th most extensive, 7th most populous, and 10th most densely populated
state in the nation. Ohios capital and largest city is Columbus, and the center of population is located in Morrow County. The estimated population of Ohio in 2012 was 11,544,225. Ohio's geographic location is an asset to the economy in the state, as the state is linked to both the Northeast and the Midwest, allowing a large amount of cargo and business traffic to pass through its borders along its well-developed highways. Lake Erie in the northern part of Ohio has 312 miles of coastline in the state, also allowing for numerous cargo ports. Ohio's southern border is defined by the Ohio River, and otherwise the state is bordered by Pennsylvania, Michigan, Ontario Canada, Indiana, Kentucky, and West Virginia.
Ohio Drug Use Trends
The Fight against Heroin Addiction
Ohio is home to a thriving illegal drug market. The leading drugs of addiction in the state include marijuana, heroin, alcohol and prescription medication. State officials have seen the need to increase efforts in drug use prevention, education and treatment. In 2013, Ohio's Attorney General created a new Heroin Unit to assist residents with law enforcement, legal services and outreach assistance. As the prescription drug epidemic has spread across the country Ohio has experienced its fair share of the fallout. Many residents have become dependent on prescription pain medication have turned to heroin as a cheaper substance of abuse. Heroin as become a major problem throughout the state reaching suburbs and small towns. While this newly formed unite will not eradicate Ohio's heroin addiction problem, it provides residents with services to prevent addiction and help save lives.
The newly created Ohio Heroin Unit lirovides residents with resources including:
During 2012, one of the leading reasons behind Ohio drug rehab enrollments was heroin addiction. 12,549 individuals entered Ohio drug rehab programs to receive treatment for heroin addiction. This made up 17.7% of all Ohio drug and alcohol rehab admissions during 2013. Heroin addiction treatment is critical to achieving sobriety; without drug detox and addiction rehabilitation services the resident will continue to abuse heroin. The time and resources one invests in their sobriety pays dividends in achieving a clean and sober life, developing new life skills to remain drug-free and improved mental and physical health.
Marijuana Trends in Ohio
One of the state's most commonly abused substances is marijuana. As the state's most prevalent drug of abuse, marijuana has become so popular that many residents view it as a benign substance. Utilizing Ohio's fertile farm land, local marijuana growers contribute to the state's escalating marijuana addiction problem. Domestically grown marijuana is also being produced using hydroponics where the substance is grown in-doors, making detection and eradication of the plants more difficult. Additionally, the drug is smuggled into Ohio by Mexican cartels through southern states. Bulk shipments of marijuana are cultivated locally as well as brought into the state by various criminal groups ranging in amounts of ounces to kilos. In June 2014, Ohio State Highway Patrol made their second largest marijuana bust in the state's history. Using a drug-sniffing canine, the Ohio State Highway Patrol was able to obtain probable cause to search the vehicle. Individuals traveling from out of state were headed to Ohio with an estimated $11.6 million dollars worth of marijuana weighing 2,330 pounds in a U-Haul.
The lax view on the dangers of marijuana use has lead to many Ohio residents requiring drug rehabilitation to overcome their marijuana addiction problem. Marijuana addiction was the most commonly cited substance of addiction among Ohio drug rehab admissions in 2012. During that year, 23% (16,364 individuals) of all Ohio drug rehab enrollments were for marijuana addiction. 73.7% of those receiving marijuana addiction treatment services in Ohio during 2012 were male and 26.3% were female. The largest age group enrolled in treatment for marijuana addiction during 2012 was between 21-25 years old.
Preventing Drug Addiction in Ohio
In an ongoing effort to prevent future substance use, abuse and addiction the Attorney General of Ohio allocated $3.7 million dollars in drug use prevention grants between 2012 and 2013. This funding went to support 182 local law enforcement agencies, supported the Drug Abuse Resistance Education (D.A.R.E) school program as well as school resource officers who worked closely with an estimated 421,000 students during that timeframe. The funding for the D.A.R.E. program provided students with school-based programs, education on drugs and the tools they needed to make healthy choices and stay substance use. During this time, more than 100 individuals were trained as Ohio school resource officers and helped to distribute Ohio's drug abuse prevention message throughout the state.
State Policy Offices : Ohio
State Criminal Justice Offices : Ohio
State Health Offices : Ohio
State Education Office : Ohio
Drug Rehab and Treatment Facts Ohio
In 2008, 63.1% of those in addiction treatment located in Ohio were male.
36.9% of the individuals in drug addiction treatment residing in Ohio during 2008 were female.
The largest age group admitted into to drug rehab during 2008 in Ohio was between the ages of 21-25 (16.2%).
The second largest age group attending drug rehabilitation in Ohio during 2008 were between the ages of 31-35 (13.5%).
70% of the individuals in drug treatment located in Ohio during 2008 were Caucasian.
The effects that were found in the studies done on infants and children who were exposed to these various substances shocked and alarmed society. Political leaders, community organizations, and religious associations all began to express their opinions on the subject. This is were the claims-making process began. People felt that the babies that were being born to these mothers were subjected involuntarily to these dangerous substances and through no choice of their own they were made to endure the long-term consequences. As society began to recognize the problems brought about by substance abusing pregnant women what was once a social issue became defined as a social problem. These pregnant women were creating a problem that would effect American communities socially, politically, and economically. Socially, the problem impacts both the mother and the child. The stereotypes that exist are that drug abuse is predominantly a problem effecting the lower class. The mothers who are unable to afford prenatal care and substance abuse treatment are seen as a burden to society. Economically, the burden is placed on society when a child is born to a drug addicted mother. Long-term medical care of these children is often related to increased health-care costs. Often, when mothers are deemed unfit to care for their child, the government is the party that absorbs the costs of the child's care. Then there is the political debate regarding the rights of a fetus that this problem has brought to society's attention. Many people feel that the fetus is separate from the mother and deserves special protection against the actions of the pregnant mother. Other's feel that the fetus is not separate and can only been seen as such when it is viable and able to live outside of the womb. These people feel that any laws creating fetal rights would be an infringement on the rights of the pregnant woman. They feel that society has no right to define acceptable behavior for pregnant women and any law put in place in order to do so would ultimately end up overturning the Rowe vs. Wade decision and denying women the right to choose.
The annual number of new cocaine users has generally increased over time. In 1975 there were 30,000 new users. The number increased from 300,000 in 1986 to 361,000 in 2000.
Equipment needed to produce methamphetamine includes Pyrex dishes, jugs, paper towels, coffee filters, thermometers, cheesecloth, rubber tubing, pails, tape, strainers, aluminium foil, propane cylinders, hotplates, plastic storage containers, measuring cups, laboratory glassware, and heating mantles. Chemicals beyond those identified as precursors include alcohol, toluene (paint thinner), sulphuric acid (battery acid), salt, iodine, lithium (from batteries) anhydrous ammonia (farm fertilizer) hydrochloric acid (muriatic acid or pool cleaner), sodium hydroxide (lye), acetone, lantern fuel and kitty litter. Obviously, these products have legitimate uses, and it is the collective presence of these products that signals the intended use. Law enforcement may encounter supplies of such materials in combinations or in circumstances which lead to a reasonable belief that the purpose of possession is to produce methamphetamine.
Hydrocodone abuse is an increasing trend in non-chronic pain suffering persons. The abuser of these drugs has been shown not to be the inner city youth, but instead a famous actor, a suburban real estate agent, or your next door neighbor. First time abuse of these drugs has been surging, most commonly with the oxycodone and Hydrocodone type painkillers. The two differ slightly in their chemical makeup but have a similar effect on the body.