Commonly Asked Questions about Addiction and Treatment
When a person is a substance abuser, don't they realize their life is being destroyed?
Substance Use Disorder, commonly known as addiction, is a complex condition that can significantly impact a person's judgment, perceptions, and decision-making abilities. Here are a few reasons why someone struggling with substance abuse might not fully realize the extent of the damage it's causing to their life:
Denial: It's common for individuals suffering from addiction to be in denial about the extent of their problem. They might underestimate how much or how often they use, or they may not acknowledge the negative consequences that their substance use is causing.
Altered Brain Function: Addiction affects the brain's reward system and impairs cognitive function. This can distort a person's ability to clearly see the harm that their substance use is causing. They may focus intensely on the immediate rewards of drug use while minimizing or ignoring the long-term negative consequences.
Co-occurring Disorders: Many people with Substance Use Disorder also have other mental health disorders, such as depression or anxiety. These conditions can exacerbate feelings of denial or self-deception about the extent of the substance abuse problem.
Fear and Shame: Fear of withdrawal, fear of change, and shame about their substance use can also prevent individuals from admitting to themselves or others the full extent of their problem.
Lack of Awareness: Some individuals may not understand the signs and symptoms of addiction, or they may not recognize that they can seek help and that recovery is possible.
When do you walk away from a loved one that is a drug addict?
Deciding to distance yourself from a loved one who is struggling with addiction is a deeply personal and difficult decision. There's no universal right or wrong answer, as it depends on the individual circumstances, the severity of the addiction, the impact on your wellbeing, and other factors. However, there are a few circumstances where walking away might be the appropriate course of action:
- Self-preservation: If the relationship with the loved one is causing significant harm to your mental, emotional, or physical health, it may be necessary to establish boundaries or distance yourself for your own wellbeing. Remember, you can't effectively support others if you're not taking care of yourself.
- Enabling Behavior: If your actions are enabling the individual's substance abuse rather than supporting their recovery, creating distance might be beneficial. Enabling can include covering up for their substance use, providing financial support for their habit, or repeatedly rescuing them from the consequences of their behavior.
- Lack of Respect for Boundaries: If your loved one consistently ignores or disrespects boundaries that you have established, it might be time to consider distancing yourself.
- Abuse or Violence: If your loved one becomes abusive or violent under the influence of drugs, prioritizing your safety is crucial. In such instances, it's critical to seek help from local authorities or a domestic violence hotline.
- Unwillingness to Seek Help: If your loved one consistently refuses to seek help, denies they have a problem, or repeatedly relapses without making an effort towards recovery, it might be necessary to consider distancing yourself.
How do you help a person afflicted with alcoholism?
Helping someone afflicted with alcoholism requires a compassionate and supportive approach. The following steps can be useful in assisting an individual struggling with alcohol addiction:
Educate yourself: Gain an understanding of alcoholism, its causes, symptoms, and treatment options. This will help you better empathize with the person and offer informed support.
Express concern: Initiate a conversation with the person in a non-confrontational manner. Express your concerns about their alcohol use and its impact on their well-being. Be patient, empathetic, and avoid judgmental language.
Encourage professional help: Encourage the person to seek help from a medical professional, therapist, or addiction counselor. Offer assistance in finding appropriate resources and support them in taking the first steps towards treatment.
Offer emotional support: Be available to listen and provide emotional support throughout the recovery process. It is essential to maintain open lines of communication and offer a safe space for the individual to share their experiences and feelings.
Encourage participation in support groups: Recommend joining support groups such as Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) or SMART Recovery, which provide a community of individuals with similar experiences and can offer guidance and encouragement throughout the recovery process.
Establish boundaries: Set clear boundaries to protect your own well-being and communicate your expectations about the person's behavior. Be firm but understanding, and make it clear that you will not enable their alcohol use.
Assist with lifestyle changes: Help the person develop healthier habits, such as engaging in physical activity, improving their diet, and finding alternative ways to manage stress. Offer to participate in these activities together to provide additional support and motivation.
Be patient: Recovery from alcoholism is a long-term process, and relapses may occur. Understand that setbacks are a part of the journey, and continue to offer support and encouragement as the person works towards sobriety.
Care for yourself: Supporting someone with alcoholism can be emotionally taxing. Make sure you are taking care of your own mental and emotional health by seeking support from friends, family, or professional counselors if needed.