Commonly Asked Questions about Addiction and Treatment
What medications are used for the treatment of addiction?
Several medications have been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of addiction to alcohol and certain types of drugs. The specific medication used can depend on the substance the person is addicted to, their overall health, and other individual factors. Here are a few examples:
For Alcohol Addiction:
- Disulfiram (Antabuse): This medication causes unpleasant effects such as nausea and flushing of the skin if a person drinks alcohol. The aim is to discourage them from drinking.
- Naltrexone (Revia, Vivitrol): Naltrexone blocks the euphoric and sedative effects of alcohol, helping to reduce cravings.
- Acamprosate (Campral): Acamprosate works by restoring the balance of certain chemicals in the brain that may become disrupted due to alcohol addiction. It can help people maintain abstinence from alcohol after they quit drinking.
For Opioid Addiction:
- Methadone: This is a long-acting opioid agonist that can prevent withdrawal symptoms and reduce cravings for opioids. It is dispensed through specialized opioid treatment programs.
- Buprenorphine (Subutex, Suboxone): Buprenorphine is a partial opioid agonist that can help manage cravings and withdrawal symptoms. Suboxone also contains naloxone to prevent misuse.
- Naltrexone (Revia, Vivitrol): Like its use in alcohol addiction treatment, naltrexone can block the euphoric effects of opioids.
For Nicotine Addiction:
- Nicotine Replacement Therapies (NRTs): These come in various forms like gums, patches, lozenges, nasal sprays, and inhalers, and can help manage withdrawal symptoms and cravings when quitting smoking.
- Bupropion (Zyban): Initially developed as an antidepressant, bupropion can also help reduce cravings and the symptoms of nicotine withdrawal.
- Varenicline (Chantix): Varenicline helps reduce cravings for nicotine and decrease the pleasurable effects of cigarettes and other tobacco products.
Do addicts lie to themselves?
Yes, it is quite common for individuals struggling with addiction to lie to themselves, a phenomenon often referred to as denial. Denial is a psychological defense mechanism that helps a person avoid confronting painful realities, emotions, or actions that they may not be prepared to handle.
In the context of addiction, an individual might convince themselves that they have their drug or alcohol use under control, that they can stop anytime they want, or that their substance use is not impacting their life negatively. They may downplay the quantity of substance consumed, the frequency of their use, or the resulting consequences. This self-deception can serve to protect them from the guilt, shame, or fear that might arise from acknowledging the full extent of their addiction.
Here are some common forms of self-deception seen in addiction:
- Minimization: Downplaying the severity or consequences of their substance use.
- Rationalization: Creating explanations or excuses to justify their drug or alcohol use.
- Blaming: Attributing their substance use or related problems to external factors or other people.
- Diversion: Changing the topic or focus to avoid discussing their substance use.
Denial and self-deception can make it hard for people struggling with addiction to seek help or fully engage in treatment, as they may not fully acknowledge that they have a problem. This is why interventions, carried out with love, understanding, and professional guidance, can be essential in helping individuals recognize the reality of their addiction and take the necessary steps towards recovery.
However, it's crucial to remember that lying and self-deception are not moral failings but symptoms of the disease of addiction. Professional help and compassionate support from loved ones can help individuals break through their denial and embark on the path to recovery.
Can family members visit me if I go into a drug rehab program?
Yes, in many cases, family members can visit you if you go into a drug rehab program, but the specific policies regarding visitation can vary greatly from one facility to another. Here are some general points to consider:
- Initial Period of Adjustment: Many rehab programs have a period of adjustment when you first enter treatment during which visitors may not be allowed. This period allows you to focus on your recovery without external distractions.
- Scheduled Visitation Times: Most inpatient rehab centers have specific visitation hours or designated visitation days. It's essential to check with the specific facility to understand their policies.
- Family Therapy Sessions: Many rehab programs include family therapy as part of the treatment process. These sessions can be an opportunity for family members to engage in the recovery process and understand more about addiction and how to support their loved one in recovery.
- Rules and Regulations: Rehab facilities usually have rules and regulations for visitors to ensure the safety and well-being of all patients. For example, visitors may be asked not to bring certain items into the facility, like substances that could be misused or trigger cravings.
- COVID-19 Considerations: Due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, some facilities may have restricted visitation policies to protect the health of their patients and staff. Be sure to inquire about any such restrictions.
Please note that the information provided here is general, and it's important to consult with the specific rehab facility you or your loved one are considering for accurate and up-to-date information about their visitation policies.