Commonly Asked Questions about Addiction and Treatment
How long does it take for the treatment of drug addiction?
"The duration of treatment for drug addiction can vary significantly depending on several factors, including the individual's unique needs, the severity and type of addiction, and the chosen treatment approach. There is no universally prescribed timeline for addiction treatment, as each person's journey to recovery is different. However, some general timeframes can be considered when discussing drug addiction treatment:
Detoxification: The initial detoxification process, during which the body clears itself of drugs and toxins, can range from a few days to several weeks, depending on the substance involved and the individual's physiological response.
Inpatient or residential treatment: Inpatient or residential treatment programs, which provide intensive, structured care in a controlled environment, typically last between 28 days and 90 days. However, some individuals may require extended stays of six months or longer, depending on their progress and specific needs.
Outpatient treatment: Outpatient treatment programs, which offer therapy and support while allowing individuals to continue living at home, can vary in duration and intensity. Some programs may last for several weeks or months, while others may continue for a year or more, with sessions becoming less frequent over time as the individual progresses in their recovery.
Aftercare and ongoing support: Recovery from addiction is a lifelong process, and ongoing aftercare and support are crucial for maintaining long-term sobriety. Aftercare may include continuing therapy, attending support group meetings, or participating in sober living communities. The duration of aftercare and ongoing support can vary based on individual needs and may continue indefinitely.
Research suggests that longer durations of treatment are generally more effective in promoting lasting recovery. The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) recommends a minimum of 90 days of treatment for most individuals, as shorter durations have been associated with higher relapse rates. However, it is essential to recognize that each person's path to recovery is unique, and the most effective treatment plans are tailored to their specific needs, goals, and circumstances."
What drugs turn off emotions and make you feel numb?
Several classes of drugs can have the effect of numbing emotions or creating a feeling of emotional detachment. It's important to note that these effects can vary widely between individuals and depend on many factors, including the dosage, the method of use, and the individual's personal physiology and psychology. Here are a few examples:
Depressants: This category of drugs, which includes alcohol, benzodiazepines (like Xanax or Valium), and opioids (like heroin or prescription painkillers), can reduce brain activity and dull emotions. Users often report feeling numb or detached from their emotions.
Dissociatives: Dissociative drugs like ketamine, PCP, and certain kinds of cough medicines containing dextromethorphan (DXM), can induce a state of detachment from reality and one's self, which can include a sense of emotional numbness.
Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs): While primarily used as antidepressants, some individuals report feeling emotionally numb or detached when taking SSRIs. This is generally considered a side effect, and if experienced, should be discussed with a healthcare provider.
Antipsychotics: These medications are primarily used to treat conditions like schizophrenia, but they can also induce a state of emotional numbness or flatness in some individuals.
While these substances can make a person feel emotionally numb, it's important to note that this is often a temporary and potentially harmful solution. Long-term use can lead to a range of negative health effects, including physical dependence, addiction, and a worsening of emotional or mental health symptoms. If you're feeling overwhelmed by your emotions, it's crucial to seek help from a mental health professional rather than turning to substances. They can provide support and discuss healthier ways to cope with these feelings.
What is the purpose of drugs such as methadone, suboxone and subutex in the recovery process?
Methadone, Suboxone (a combination of buprenorphine and naloxone), and Subutex (buprenorphine) are medications used in Medication-Assisted Treatment (MAT) for opioid use disorders. Their primary purpose in the recovery process is to help manage withdrawal symptoms and reduce cravings, facilitating a safer, more comfortable transition to abstinence or long-term management of the disorder. Here's a more detailed look at how each of these medications function:
Methadone: Methadone is a long-acting opioid agonist, which means it activates the same receptors in the brain that other opioids like heroin, morphine, or prescription painkillers do. However, it does so more slowly and for a longer duration, without causing the intense euphoria associated with misuse of those drugs. This helps to mitigate withdrawal symptoms and cravings, enabling individuals to function more normally in daily life.
Suboxone: Suboxone contains two active ingredients: buprenorphine and naloxone. Buprenorphine is a partial opioid agonist, meaning it activates the opioid receptors in the brain, but to a lesser extent than full agonists like heroin or methadone. This can help manage cravings and withdrawal symptoms without producing the high associated with opioid misuse. Naloxone is an opioid antagonist, meaning it blocks the effects of opioids. It's included in Suboxone to discourage misuse of the medication; if someone tries to inject Suboxone, the naloxone will trigger withdrawal symptoms.
Subutex: Subutex is the brand name for buprenorphine alone. Like in Suboxone, buprenorphine in Subutex serves to lessen withdrawal symptoms and reduce cravings. It is typically used in the initial stages of treatment, while Suboxone is more commonly used for maintenance.
These medications are typically used as part of a comprehensive treatment plan that also includes counseling and behavioral therapies. It's important to note that while these medications can be highly effective in supporting recovery, they should be used under the guidance of a healthcare provider due to the risk of misuse and potential side effects. Each individual's treatment plan should be tailored to their unique needs and circumstances to ensure the best possible outcomes.