Commonly Asked Questions about Addiction and Treatment
If a drug abuser loved their family wouldn't they stop?
Substance Use Disorder, commonly known as addiction, is a complex disease that affects the brain and behavior. It's important to understand that addiction is not a matter of willpower or moral strength, and it doesn't reflect an individual's love or lack of love for their family. Here's why a person struggling with addiction might not simply stop, even if they deeply care for their family:
Altered Brain Function: Drugs can alter the brain's structure and function, especially in areas related to reward, judgment, decision-making, learning, and memory. This can lead to intense cravings and a compulsive desire to use drugs, despite knowing the harm they're causing.
Physical Dependence: Regular use of certain drugs can lead to physical dependence, where the body needs the drug to function normally. Stopping the drug can cause uncomfortable or even dangerous withdrawal symptoms, which can make quitting extremely difficult without medical help.
Psychological Dependence: Some individuals use drugs to cope with stress, trauma, or mental health disorders. These individuals may feel they cannot function or feel normal without the substance, and overcoming this psychological dependence can be challenging.
Fear of Withdrawal: Fear of the withdrawal process, which can be physically and emotionally painful, can deter individuals from quitting, even if they want to stop for their loved ones.
Denial: Many people struggling with addiction are in denial about the extent of their problem. They may not realize or admit how much their substance use is hurting themselves and their family.
Loving someone, even deeply, does not automatically grant the ability to overcome addiction. Recovery often requires professional help and involves more than just the decision to stop using drugs. It includes learning new coping skills, addressing underlying issues that may contribute to the addiction, and receiving ongoing support. With proper treatment and support, many people are able to recover from addiction and rebuild their relationships with their loved ones.
How long do drug withdrawal symptoms last?
The duration of drug withdrawal symptoms can vary widely depending on several factors, including the type of substance used, the duration of use, the degree of dependence, individual metabolism and health status, and whether one quits cold turkey or with medical assistance.
Generally, withdrawal symptoms can be divided into acute and post-acute phases:
Acute Withdrawal: This is the initial phase of withdrawal, where physical symptoms are typically the most severe. Depending on the substance, acute withdrawal symptoms can begin within a few hours to a few days after the last use and can last anywhere from a few days to a few weeks. For example, alcohol withdrawal symptoms often start within 8 hours of the last drink and can last up to a few days or weeks, while opioid withdrawal symptoms usually start within 12-30 hours of the last dose and can last approximately a week.
Post-Acute Withdrawal Syndrome (PAWS): Some individuals may experience a second phase of withdrawal known as Post-Acute Withdrawal Syndrome. PAWS refers to a group of symptoms that occur after the acute withdrawal phase, predominantly psychological, such as anxiety, irritability, mood swings, depression, and sleep disturbances. PAWS can last from a few weeks to a year or more after the cessation of substance use.
It's important to remember that withdrawal can be dangerous and even life-threatening in some cases, especially when it comes to substances like alcohol and benzodiazepines. Therefore, withdrawal should always be done under medical supervision. The support and treatment offered by medical professionals during detoxification can also help to mitigate withdrawal symptoms and make the process safer and more comfortable.
Where can I get help for my addiction to drugs with very little money?
If you're seeking help for your addiction to drugs and have limited financial resources, there are several options available to you. These organizations and services can provide support, counseling, and treatment at little to no cost:
- National Helplines: Our own helpline (1-877-882-9275) or the SAMHSA National Helpline (1-800-662-HELP) provides free, confidential, 24/7 assistance in English and Spanish.
- Local Support Groups: Many communities have support groups, such as Narcotics Anonymous (NA) or SMART Recovery, that offer peer-to-peer support and resources for individuals struggling with addiction. These meetings are typically free and can be found in various locations.
- Non-profit and Faith-based Organizations: Some non-profit and faith-based organizations offer free or low-cost addiction treatment services, such as counseling, group therapy, and recovery programs. Contact local community centers, churches, mosques, or synagogues to inquire about available resources.
- Sliding Scale Treatment Centers: Some addiction treatment centers offer services on a sliding scale, meaning they adjust fees based on your income level. Contact local treatment centers and inquire about their financial assistance options.
- State-Funded Treatment Programs: Many states provide funding for addiction treatment programs that offer free or low-cost services to eligible residents. Contact your state's health department or substance abuse agency to learn more about available programs.
- Medicaid: If you are eligible for Medicaid, it may cover substance abuse treatment services, including detoxification, counseling, and medication-assisted therapy. Check with your state's Medicaid office for more information on covered services and eligibility requirements.