Commonly Asked Questions about Addiction and Treatment
What drugs turn off emotions and make you feel numb?
Several classes of drugs can have the effect of numbing emotions or creating a feeling of emotional detachment. It's important to note that these effects can vary widely between individuals and depend on many factors, including the dosage, the method of use, and the individual's personal physiology and psychology. Here are a few examples:
Depressants: This category of drugs, which includes alcohol, benzodiazepines (like Xanax or Valium), and opioids (like heroin or prescription painkillers), can reduce brain activity and dull emotions. Users often report feeling numb or detached from their emotions.
Dissociatives: Dissociative drugs like ketamine, PCP, and certain kinds of cough medicines containing dextromethorphan (DXM), can induce a state of detachment from reality and one's self, which can include a sense of emotional numbness.
Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs): While primarily used as antidepressants, some individuals report feeling emotionally numb or detached when taking SSRIs. This is generally considered a side effect, and if experienced, should be discussed with a healthcare provider.
Antipsychotics: These medications are primarily used to treat conditions like schizophrenia, but they can also induce a state of emotional numbness or flatness in some individuals.
While these substances can make a person feel emotionally numb, it's important to note that this is often a temporary and potentially harmful solution. Long-term use can lead to a range of negative health effects, including physical dependence, addiction, and a worsening of emotional or mental health symptoms. If you're feeling overwhelmed by your emotions, it's crucial to seek help from a mental health professional rather than turning to substances. They can provide support and discuss healthier ways to cope with these feelings.
How do you help a person afflicted with alcoholism?
Helping someone afflicted with alcoholism requires a compassionate and supportive approach. The following steps can be useful in assisting an individual struggling with alcohol addiction:
Educate yourself: Gain an understanding of alcoholism, its causes, symptoms, and treatment options. This will help you better empathize with the person and offer informed support.
Express concern: Initiate a conversation with the person in a non-confrontational manner. Express your concerns about their alcohol use and its impact on their well-being. Be patient, empathetic, and avoid judgmental language.
Encourage professional help: Encourage the person to seek help from a medical professional, therapist, or addiction counselor. Offer assistance in finding appropriate resources and support them in taking the first steps towards treatment.
Offer emotional support: Be available to listen and provide emotional support throughout the recovery process. It is essential to maintain open lines of communication and offer a safe space for the individual to share their experiences and feelings.
Encourage participation in support groups: Recommend joining support groups such as Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) or SMART Recovery, which provide a community of individuals with similar experiences and can offer guidance and encouragement throughout the recovery process.
Establish boundaries: Set clear boundaries to protect your own well-being and communicate your expectations about the person's behavior. Be firm but understanding, and make it clear that you will not enable their alcohol use.
Assist with lifestyle changes: Help the person develop healthier habits, such as engaging in physical activity, improving their diet, and finding alternative ways to manage stress. Offer to participate in these activities together to provide additional support and motivation.
Be patient: Recovery from alcoholism is a long-term process, and relapses may occur. Understand that setbacks are a part of the journey, and continue to offer support and encouragement as the person works towards sobriety.
Care for yourself: Supporting someone with alcoholism can be emotionally taxing. Make sure you are taking care of your own mental and emotional health by seeking support from friends, family, or professional counselors if needed.
What is a typical day like in an inpatient drug rehab?
Inpatient drug rehab provides a structured environment for individuals recovering from substance use disorders. The specific details of a typical day can vary between facilities, but most will follow a general schedule that includes therapeutic activities, meals, free time, and sleep. Here's a rough outline of what a day in an inpatient rehab might look like:
- Wake Up: Residents typically wake up early to start their day. Some facilities may offer morning activities like yoga or meditation to help residents start their day in a calm and mindful way.
- Breakfast: A healthy meal is provided to start the day. This is also a time for social interaction with other residents.
- Group Therapy or Counseling: After breakfast, residents often participate in a group therapy session. This could be a general therapy session or a specific type of therapy such as Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) or Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT).
- Lunch: After morning therapy sessions, residents will have lunch, often followed by a short break.
- Therapies: The afternoon is typically filled with various therapeutic activities. These could include individual counseling, specialized therapies (like art or music therapy), or educational sessions about addiction and recovery.
- Dinner: In the evening, residents will have dinner, which, like all meals in rehab, is typically designed to promote overall health and wellness.
- Evening Group Session: Many rehab centers host an evening group session, which might be a support group, a 12-step meeting, or another form of group therapy.
- Free Time: After the day's structured activities, residents usually have some free time. They might use this time to relax, read, journal, or socialize with other residents.
- Bedtime: To ensure adequate rest, lights-out times are typically enforced.
Throughout the day, residents may also have scheduled times for medication (if applicable), physical exercise, and meeting with their treatment team. The goal of this structured daily routine is to provide a stable, supportive environment that promotes healing and recovery.
It's important to note that the exact schedule and types of activities will vary between different rehab centers and individual treatment plans. When choosing a rehab center, it can be helpful to ask about the daily schedule and types of therapies offered to ensure it aligns with your needs and preferences.