Commonly Asked Questions about Addiction and Treatment
What is the most common substance abuse disorder?
The most common substance use disorder globally is alcohol use disorder (AUD). This disorder, often referred to as alcoholism, is characterized by an impaired ability to stop or control alcohol use despite adverse social, occupational, or health consequences.
Alcohol use disorder is defined by the American Psychiatric Association in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) as a problematic pattern of alcohol use leading to clinically significant impairment or distress, as manifested by at least two of eleven criteria, within a 12-month period.
The criteria include issues like spending a lot of time drinking, or recovering from drinking, giving up important social or recreational activities in favor of drinking, developing a tolerance (needing to drink more to achieve the desired effect), experiencing withdrawal symptoms when not drinking, and continuing to drink even when it's causing physical or psychological problems.
It's important to note that substance use disorders can develop with the use of many different substances, including illicit drugs like cocaine or heroin, and legal substances like alcohol or prescription medications. The prevalence of these disorders can vary by region and demographic group.
Regardless of the substance involved, these disorders can have serious impacts on individuals' physical and mental health, relationships, and ability to work or study. Treatment can often help people with substance use disorders to recover and lead healthy lives. If you or someone you know is struggling with substance use, don't hesitate to seek professional help.
How can I get help for opioid addiction?
If you or someone you know is struggling with opioid addiction, seeking help is a crucial first step towards recovery. There are several resources and options available to assist you in overcoming opioid addiction:
- Consult a healthcare professional: Speak with a doctor, therapist, or counselor who is experienced in addiction treatment. They can assess your situation, provide guidance, and recommend appropriate treatment options based on your individual needs.
- Medication-Assisted Treatment (MAT): MAT combines medications like methadone, buprenorphine, and naltrexone with counseling and behavioral therapies to treat opioid addiction. These medications can help manage withdrawal symptoms, reduce cravings, and decrease the likelihood of relapse.
- Inpatient treatment programs: Inpatient or residential treatment programs provide intensive, structured care in a controlled environment. These programs typically offer medical detoxification, therapy, counseling, and support group meetings to address the physical and psychological aspects of addiction.
- Outpatient treatment programs: Outpatient programs provide therapy, counseling, and support while allowing individuals to continue living at home and attending work or school. These programs vary in intensity and duration, offering a flexible option for those who cannot commit to inpatient treatment.
- Support groups: Attending support group meetings, such as Narcotics Anonymous (NA) or SMART Recovery, can provide valuable peer support and a sense of community during the recovery process. These meetings allow individuals to share experiences, learn coping strategies, and receive encouragement from others who have faced similar challenges.
- Therapy and counseling: Individual, group, or family therapy can help address the underlying psychological and emotional issues contributing to opioid addiction. Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT), and Motivational Interviewing (MI) are among the evidence-based therapies that can be beneficial in the recovery process.
- Helplines and crisis lines: If you need immediate assistance or information about opioid addiction and treatment resources, consider calling a helpline, such as our own (877-882-9275), or the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) National Helpline at 1-800-662-HELP (4357) or your local crisis hotline.
- Online resources: Websites like the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), the American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM), and the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) provide a wealth of information about opioid addiction and treatment options. Online forums and communities can also provide peer support and shared experiences.
What are things I should look for when choosing a rehab?
When choosing a rehab facility for yourself or a loved one, it's important to consider several factors to ensure the best fit and the highest likelihood of a successful recovery. Here are some key aspects to look for when evaluating potential rehab centers:
- Accreditation and Licensing: Ensure the facility is accredited by a reputable organization and licensed by the appropriate state or national authorities. This helps guarantee that the center meets established standards for quality care and safety.
- Treatment Approaches: Evaluate the treatment methods and therapies offered by the rehab center. Look for evidence-based approaches, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy, motivational interviewing, and medication-assisted treatment, which have been proven effective for treating addiction.
- Specialized Programs: Depending on your needs or the needs of your loved one, you may want to choose a rehab facility that offers specialized programs, such as those tailored for specific substances, co-occurring mental health disorders, or unique populations (e.g., veterans, LGBTQ+ individuals, or adolescents).
- Customized Treatment Plans: A high-quality rehab facility should develop an individualized treatment plan for each client, taking into account their unique needs, goals, and circumstances. This ensures that the treatment approach is tailored to provide the best possible support for lasting recovery.
- Duration of Treatment: Consider the length of treatment options offered by the facility. While shorter programs (e.g., 28-30 days) may be sufficient for some, others may benefit from longer stays (e.g., 60-90 days or more) to fully address their addiction and underlying issues.
- Aftercare and Continuing Support: Look for a rehab facility that offers aftercare services, such as ongoing counseling, support groups, or transitional living arrangements. These services can provide essential support during the transition back to everyday life and help maintain long-term recovery.
- Qualified Staff: Ensure the rehab center employs experienced, licensed, and compassionate professionals, such as therapists, counselors, doctors, and nurses, who are trained in addiction treatment and recovery.
- Family Involvement: Some rehab centers offer family programs or therapy sessions to involve family members in the recovery process. This can provide valuable support and help address any family dynamics that may contribute to addiction.
- Cost and Insurance: Consider the cost of treatment and whether the rehab center accepts your insurance plan or offers payment assistance options, such as sliding-scale fees or financing.
- Facility Amenities and Environment: Take into account the physical environment and amenities of the rehab center. A comfortable, clean, and safe environment can contribute to a more positive and focused recovery experience.