Commonly Asked Questions about Addiction and Treatment
How does drug addiction affect relationships?
Drug addiction can profoundly impact relationships, often causing strain, conflict, and emotional distress. Here are some ways that drug addiction can affect interpersonal relationships:
- Trust Issues: Drug addiction often leads to behaviors such as lying, stealing, or manipulating to obtain drugs or hide the extent of drug use. These actions can severely undermine trust in a relationship.
- Neglect of Responsibilities: Individuals struggling with drug addiction may neglect their responsibilities at home, work, or school, which can create additional stress and conflict within their relationships.
- Financial Strain: The cost of sustaining a drug habit can lead to financial problems, including debt, which can put significant strain on relationships, especially those involving shared finances.
- Emotional Distance: Drug use can alter an individual's emotional state, causing them to become distant, withdrawn, or emotionally unavailable. This can make it challenging to maintain close, meaningful relationships.
- Conflict and Arguments: Disagreements over drug use and its consequences can lead to frequent arguments, causing tension and unhappiness in the relationship.
- Codependency: In some cases, the partner or family member of a person struggling with addiction may develop a pattern of behavior known as codependency. They may enable the addiction, sacrifice their own needs, and become overly focused on the addicted individual, which can be harmful for both parties.
- Abuse or Violence: Sadly, drug addiction can sometimes lead to verbal, physical, or emotional abuse. Certain substances can lower inhibitions and increase aggression, leading to harmful behavior.
- Isolation: People struggling with addiction often isolate themselves from their friends and family, either out of shame or to hide their drug use. This can lead to feelings of loneliness and disconnection.
What is the most common substance abuse disorder?
The most common substance use disorder globally is alcohol use disorder (AUD). This disorder, often referred to as alcoholism, is characterized by an impaired ability to stop or control alcohol use despite adverse social, occupational, or health consequences.
Alcohol use disorder is defined by the American Psychiatric Association in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) as a problematic pattern of alcohol use leading to clinically significant impairment or distress, as manifested by at least two of eleven criteria, within a 12-month period.
The criteria include issues like spending a lot of time drinking, or recovering from drinking, giving up important social or recreational activities in favor of drinking, developing a tolerance (needing to drink more to achieve the desired effect), experiencing withdrawal symptoms when not drinking, and continuing to drink even when it's causing physical or psychological problems.
It's important to note that substance use disorders can develop with the use of many different substances, including illicit drugs like cocaine or heroin, and legal substances like alcohol or prescription medications. The prevalence of these disorders can vary by region and demographic group.
Regardless of the substance involved, these disorders can have serious impacts on individuals' physical and mental health, relationships, and ability to work or study. Treatment can often help people with substance use disorders to recover and lead healthy lives. If you or someone you know is struggling with substance use, don't hesitate to seek professional help.
What is drug addiction commonly called in the mental health fields?
In the mental health field, drug addiction is commonly referred to as a "Substance Use Disorder" (SUD). This term is used in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), which is the standard classification of mental disorders used by mental health professionals in the United States.
A Substance Use Disorder is defined as a pattern of behaviors characterized by an inability to control or cut down on use, spending a lot of time obtaining the substance, craving the substance, failing to fulfill obligations at work, school, or home due to substance use, and continuing to use the substance despite knowing it's causing physical or psychological harm.
Substance Use Disorders can be further categorized based on the specific substance involved, such as Alcohol Use Disorder, Opioid Use Disorder, Cannabis Use Disorder, and so forth. The severity of the disorder is also assessed (mild, moderate, or severe) based on the number of diagnostic criteria met by an individual.
It's worth noting that this terminology emphasizes the understanding of drug addiction as a medical disorder, rather than a moral failing or a matter of willpower. This shift in language is part of a larger effort to reduce stigma and promote a more compassionate, effective approach to treatment.