Commonly Asked Questions about Addiction and Treatment
How long do drug withdrawal symptoms last?
The duration of drug withdrawal symptoms can vary widely depending on several factors, including the type of substance used, the duration of use, the degree of dependence, individual metabolism and health status, and whether one quits cold turkey or with medical assistance.
Generally, withdrawal symptoms can be divided into acute and post-acute phases:
Acute Withdrawal: This is the initial phase of withdrawal, where physical symptoms are typically the most severe. Depending on the substance, acute withdrawal symptoms can begin within a few hours to a few days after the last use and can last anywhere from a few days to a few weeks. For example, alcohol withdrawal symptoms often start within 8 hours of the last drink and can last up to a few days or weeks, while opioid withdrawal symptoms usually start within 12-30 hours of the last dose and can last approximately a week.
Post-Acute Withdrawal Syndrome (PAWS): Some individuals may experience a second phase of withdrawal known as Post-Acute Withdrawal Syndrome. PAWS refers to a group of symptoms that occur after the acute withdrawal phase, predominantly psychological, such as anxiety, irritability, mood swings, depression, and sleep disturbances. PAWS can last from a few weeks to a year or more after the cessation of substance use.
It's important to remember that withdrawal can be dangerous and even life-threatening in some cases, especially when it comes to substances like alcohol and benzodiazepines. Therefore, withdrawal should always be done under medical supervision. The support and treatment offered by medical professionals during detoxification can also help to mitigate withdrawal symptoms and make the process safer and more comfortable.
How can a homeless person get help for substance abuse?
For homeless individuals struggling with substance abuse, accessing help can be particularly challenging due to factors such as limited resources, absence of stable housing, and potential co-occurring mental health disorders. However, there are a number of avenues that a homeless person can explore to get help:
Government Programs: Many cities have government-funded programs that provide services for homeless individuals, including substance abuse treatment. These may include detoxification, outpatient counseling, residential treatment, and medication-assisted treatment. The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) and the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) are two significant sources of such assistance.
Community Health Clinics: Community health clinics often offer a range of services, including substance abuse treatment, on a sliding scale based on income. These clinics also frequently provide referrals to other necessary services.
Nonprofit Organizations: Many nonprofit organizations offer resources and support for homeless individuals struggling with substance abuse. These may include recovery support groups, transitional housing, job training programs, and other services.
Outreach Programs: Outreach programs are designed to connect with individuals who may not seek help on their own. Outreach workers may go to places where homeless individuals congregate to provide resources and assistance.
Housing First Programs: These programs, which prioritize providing individuals with stable housing without requiring sobriety or participation in treatment first, have been shown to be effective in helping people maintain recovery and improve their quality of life.
Emergency Departments and Hospitals: In a crisis, emergency medical personnel can provide immediate assistance and connect individuals with longer-term substance abuse treatment resources.
Veterans Services: If the individual is a veteran, the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs offers many services, including substance abuse treatment, mental health services, and housing assistance.
Can family members visit me if I go into a drug rehab program?
Yes, in many cases, family members can visit you if you go into a drug rehab program, but the specific policies regarding visitation can vary greatly from one facility to another. Here are some general points to consider:
- Initial Period of Adjustment: Many rehab programs have a period of adjustment when you first enter treatment during which visitors may not be allowed. This period allows you to focus on your recovery without external distractions.
- Scheduled Visitation Times: Most inpatient rehab centers have specific visitation hours or designated visitation days. It's essential to check with the specific facility to understand their policies.
- Family Therapy Sessions: Many rehab programs include family therapy as part of the treatment process. These sessions can be an opportunity for family members to engage in the recovery process and understand more about addiction and how to support their loved one in recovery.
- Rules and Regulations: Rehab facilities usually have rules and regulations for visitors to ensure the safety and well-being of all patients. For example, visitors may be asked not to bring certain items into the facility, like substances that could be misused or trigger cravings.
- COVID-19 Considerations: Due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, some facilities may have restricted visitation policies to protect the health of their patients and staff. Be sure to inquire about any such restrictions.
Please note that the information provided here is general, and it's important to consult with the specific rehab facility you or your loved one are considering for accurate and up-to-date information about their visitation policies.