Commonly Asked Questions about Addiction and Treatment
What is drug addiction commonly called in the mental health fields?
In the mental health field, drug addiction is commonly referred to as a "Substance Use Disorder" (SUD). This term is used in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), which is the standard classification of mental disorders used by mental health professionals in the United States.
A Substance Use Disorder is defined as a pattern of behaviors characterized by an inability to control or cut down on use, spending a lot of time obtaining the substance, craving the substance, failing to fulfill obligations at work, school, or home due to substance use, and continuing to use the substance despite knowing it's causing physical or psychological harm.
Substance Use Disorders can be further categorized based on the specific substance involved, such as Alcohol Use Disorder, Opioid Use Disorder, Cannabis Use Disorder, and so forth. The severity of the disorder is also assessed (mild, moderate, or severe) based on the number of diagnostic criteria met by an individual.
It's worth noting that this terminology emphasizes the understanding of drug addiction as a medical disorder, rather than a moral failing or a matter of willpower. This shift in language is part of a larger effort to reduce stigma and promote a more compassionate, effective approach to treatment.
Where can I enroll for online drug abuse counseling?
Online drug abuse counseling is increasingly available, offering a convenient and flexible option for those seeking help with substance use disorders. You can enroll in online counseling through several different types of services. Here are a few to consider:
- Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA): This U.S. government agency provides a treatment services locator on their website, which can be used to find both local and online resources.
- Private Therapy Platforms: Numerous online platforms, such as Talkspace or BetterHelp, connect individuals with licensed therapists who are trained in treating substance abuse. These platforms offer a variety of communication options, including messaging, video calls, and phone sessions.
- Local Healthcare Providers: Many hospitals, clinics, and private practitioners have started offering teletherapy services, especially in the wake of increased demand during the COVID-19 pandemic. Check with local providers to see if this is an option.
- Insurance Providers: If you have health insurance, check with your provider to see if they cover online substance abuse counseling. They may have a list of preferred providers or platforms.
- Online Support Groups: While not a replacement for professional counseling, online support groups can be a valuable part of a recovery strategy. Groups like Narcotics Anonymous and SMART Recovery offer online meetings.
- Employee Assistance Programs (EAPs): If you're employed, your workplace may offer an EAP, which often includes mental health resources and may cover substance abuse counseling.
What are signs that my loved one is a drug abuser?
Identifying a loved one's drug abuse can be challenging as symptoms can vary depending on the substance being used, the duration of use, and the individual's personal circumstances. However, there are several signs that could potentially indicate drug abuse. These signs can be physical, behavioral, and psychological.
- Noticeable changes in appetite or sleep patterns
- Bloodshot eyes, pupils that are larger or smaller than usual
- Sudden weight loss or weight gain
- Unusual smells on breath, body, or clothing
- Tremors, slurred speech, or impaired coordination
- Neglect of physical appearance and personal hygiene
- Unexplained need for money, or frequent financial problems
- Engaging in secretive or suspicious behaviors
- Sudden change in friends, favorite hangouts, and hobbies
- Frequently getting into trouble (fights, accidents, illegal activities)
- Neglecting responsibilities at work, school, or home
- Unexplained absences or a drop in performance in work or school
- Unexplained change in personality or attitude
- Sudden mood swings, irritability, or angry outbursts
- Periods of unusual hyperactivity or agitation
- Lack of motivation, appears lethargic or "spaced out"
- Appears fearful, anxious, or paranoid without reason