Indiana Drug Use Trends
Indiana is an U.S. state located in the Midwestern and Great Lakes region, with the largest and capital city in the state being Indianapolis. Indiana is the 16th most populous state in the U.S. with a diverse economy and gross state product of nearly $300 billion annually. Indiana is also home to several important sports teams and sporting events, including the Indianapolis Colts, the Indiana Pacers, and the Indianapolis 500 and Brickyard 400 motorsports races. Indiana also faces certain challenges among residents which directly affect the quality of life in the state, with one of them being substance abuse and how to effectively treat it.
Alcohol is the most frequently used drug in Indiana, and an estimated 51% of residents ages 12 and older drank alcohol in the past month and 24.0% engaged in binge drinking. This greatly affects young adults ages 18 to 25 in Indiana, who have the highest rates of alcohol with 61.8% reporting current alcohol use and 43.1% reporting binge drinking. Underage drinking is a particular problem in the state, with around 35% of 12th graders reporting past month alcohol consumption. Most substance abuse treatment admissions in Indiana are due to alcohol, and between 2000 and 2011 a total of 4,262 Indiana residents died from preventable and alcohol-induced causes. In 2012 there were 8,761 alcohol-related collisions occurred in Indiana, 205 of which were fatal.
Marijuana is the most commonly used illicit drug in Indiana, with over 6% of residents in the state ages 12 and older reporting past month use of the drug and 10.8% having used it in the past year. The highest rate of current use of marijuana in Indiana is among 18- to 25-year-olds (16.8%), although 20% of high school aged youth also report current use. Methamphetamine is also a very common drug of choice in the state, and in 2011 Indiana had over 2,400 arrest for possession of the drug, and over 1,000 arrests for sale/manufacture of it. Mirroring the problem the rest of the nation is facing in regards to non-medical use of prescription drugs, the three most commonly abused types of prescriptions in Indiana are pain relievers (opioids), central nervous system depressants (sedatives, tranquilizers, hypnotics), and stimulants. In 2012, nearly 11 million prescription drugs were dispensed to Indiana residents, most of which were pain relievers. Over 20% of Indiana residents report having abused prescription drugs at least once in their lifetimes, and around 13% of treatment admissions in the state indicate prescription drug dependence as their main drug problem.
No matter how severe the problem is, and no matter how rock bottom someone is at in Indiana, there are treatment solutions which can stop a drug or alcohol problem once and for all. Studies indicate that are thousands of residents in the state struggling with such a problem but who aren't getting any help or are possibly experiencing continuous relapses because they haven't been in the right drug rehab program for them. Relapse is very common for example for someone who is only willing to participate in treatment activities that don't require much of a commitment, such as groups or meetings or outpatient treatment perhaps. It is also common if someone is only in a drug rehab program long enough to address the purely physical or acute symptoms of addiction, such as a short term drug rehab in the state. Studies and success rates indicate that Indiana residents who are struggling with addiction and are in need of treatment benefit most from a long-term program which requires at least a 90-120 stay in either an inpatient or residential drug rehab facility in the state. Quality treatment in such a facility goes much further than just the physical aspect of addiction, and focuses more so on the reasons someone developed the addiction in the first place. With the time and space to get these important issues resolved, the individuals can get their lives back and have a chance at a higher quality of life when they leave rehab.
Population in Indiana:6,271,973
State Prison Population in Indiana:24,008
Probation Population in Indiana:116,431
Violent Crime Rate in Indiana:
2007 Federal Drug Seizures in Indiana:
Cocaine seizures in Indiana:90.9 kgs.
Heroin seizures in Indiana:1.6 kgs.
Methamphetamine seizures in Indiana:13.1 kgs.
Marijuana seizures in Indiana:271.0 kgs.
Hashish seizures in Indiana:0.0 kgs.
MDMA seizures in Indiana:0.0 kgs./185 du
Meth Lab Incidents in Indiana:564
(DEA, Indiana, and local city Law Enforcement)
Drug Situation in Indiana:
- Indiana is an active drug transportation and distribution area.
- The northern part of Indiana lies on Lake Michigan. This is a major waterway within the St. Lawrence Seaway system and provides international shipping for all sections of the Midwest.
- Seven interstate highway systems and twenty U.S. highways in Indiana provide interstate and intrastate links for drug trafficking, especially with the southwest border and California. Highway (automobile and trucking) and airline trafficking are the primary means of drug importation into Indiana, with busing systems as a secondary means.
- Mexican groups are the main wholesale distributors of marijuana, powdered cocaine, and methamphetamine within Indiana.
- Powdered cocaine is easily available throughout Indiana, and crack cocaine is primarily available within the urban areas.
- Heavily populated areas of Indiana experience shootings and other acts of violence over drug debts.
- Mexican trafficking organizations distribute cocaine to Caucasian, African American, and Hispanic groups in Indiana.
- Heroin is not readily available in central and southern Indiana.
- Southwest Asian white heroin and Mexican brown and black heroin are available in northern Indiana.
- Heroin abusers in Indiana range in age from teenagers to older adults.
- Hispanic trafficking organizations transport and distribute Mexican heroin in Indiana.
- The amount of methamphetamine brought into Indiana has increased from year to year.
- Mexican DTOs transport from 15 to pounds at a time into Indiana with a purity level ranging from to 85 percent.
- The Mexican organizations are noted for cutting the product two or three times before distributing it in Indiana.
- Methamphetamine is manufactured in Mexico or the southwestern states and transported into Indiana.
- Mexican trafficking groups have used Elkhart, Indiana, as a trans-shipment and distribution center for Mexican methamphetamine.
- The local methamphetamine distributors operating small toxic labs, usually constructed in barns or residential homes, sell a higher quality product with purity between 30 to 40 percent. These local Indiana labs produce enough methamphetamine for personal use and small sell amounts.
- There were 564 meth lab incidents in Indiana in 2007.
- Club drug abuse, such as Ecstasy (MDMA), GHB, Ketamine, and LSD is not a significant problem in Indiana and has remained stable.
- There have been seizures totaling 283 MDMA pills in 2007 in Indiana.
- Marijuana abuse remains a significant problem within Indiana.
- Marijuana produced in Mexico is transported and distributed by Mexican organizations in Indiana.
- Transportation of marijuana from Mexico into Indiana is usually by tractor-trailers in multi-hundred pound quantities.
- Locally produced marijuana in Indiana is cultivated at indoor and outdoor grow sites. The outdoor sites are usually located in farm fields, wooded areas, National Forests, public lands, or near riverbanks. Indoor grows in Indiana are located in private residences or large barn-type building on private land.
- Indiana State Police eradicated 25,000 plants growing wild in northern Indiana as a result of the DEA's Domestic Cannabis Eradication/Suppression Program.
- The diversion of over-the-counter pseudoephedrine products is a major contributor to methamphetamine manufacturing in Indiana.
- Retail stores in Indiana, a source of pseudoephedrine for methamphetamine manufacturers, monitor inappropriate retail level purchases by individuals.
- OxyContin continues to be a threat in Indiana.
- Hydrococone and benzodiazepines remain the primary pharmaceutical drugs abused throughout the state of Indiana.
- The state of Indiana expanded the prescription-monitoring program to include Schedule II to Schedule V pharmaceutical controlled substances.
- Current investigative information indicates that diversion of hydrocodone products continues to be a problem in Indiana.
- Primary methods of diversion being reported in Indiana are illegal sale and distribution by health care professionals and workers, "doctor shopping", and forged prescriptions.
- Xanax, Valium, and methadone were also identified as being among the most commonly abused and diverted pharmaceuticals in Indiana.
- In 1995 a program was created known as the DEA Mobile Enforcement Teams, or "MET". This was in response to the overwhelming problem of drugs and drug-related crimes across the nation. There have been six MET deployments in the State of Indiana since the inception of the program: Ft. Wayne, Indianapolis, Michigan City, Hammond, Terre Haute, and La Porte.
- During October 1997, the Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP) designated a single county in northwest Indiana as the Lake County High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area (Lake County HIDTA). The Lake County HIDTA consists of several state, county, local, and federal agencies.
- There were 327 drug violation arrest in Indiana in 2007.