Mississippi Drug Use Trends
Mississippi is located in the Southern portion of the U.S., and it derives its name from the great Mississippi which flows along its western boundary. The state capital and largest city is Jackson, Mississippi which has an estimated population of around 175,000 residents, yet the state has an overall estimated population of around 3 million. Mississippi is ranked as the most religious state nationally, and has done so since 2011. Despite this, the state of Mississippi still faces challenges in regards to substance abuse and how to effectively treat the problem.
Alcohol is the most commonly used and abused substance among youth in Mississippi aged 18 and younger, with around 73% of Mississippi youth reporting lifetime use. Around 14% of Mississippi 6-11th grade students report binge drinking in the past month, and 20% of 10th and 11th grade report past month binge drinking. Initiation of alcohol by among Mississippi youth typically occurs between ages 11 and 14. Rates are very high among adults in the state as well, with about 12% of Mississippi adults reporting past month binge-drinking. Statistics and studies show that male admissions to alcoholism treatment facilities in Mississippi are over twice as high as those for females. Sadly, alcohol impaired driving fatalities in Mississippi were consistently twice as high those throughout the rest of the U.S. in recent years, highlighting the fact that the need for early intervention and treatment is key for drinkers in this state. Among adults in the state, treatment data indicates that 22.3% of patients in Mississippi receive treatment for alcohol as their primary presenting problem, and 24% receive treatment for alcohol as a secondary presenting problem.
Drug use is another serious problem among youth in the state of Mississippi; with 37% of Mississippi youth report lifetime use of marijuana, 12% reporting lifetime use of inhalants, and 6% reporting lifetime use of cocaine. The consequences of drug use among are stark among youth in the state, with the adolescent suicide rates in Mississippi, closely associated with substance abuse, increasing significantly between 2003 and 2009 and surpassing national rates in 2007. To highlight this fact, over 9% of high school students in the state reporting 1 or more attempts at suicide, compared to the national average of 6.3% in 2009. The use of methamphetamine among individuals of all age groups in Mississippi is also a very serious problem, as is the case in most mainly rural states. This can be seen in the amount of meth lab seizure incidents in Mississippi which increased 334%, from 155 incidents in 2007 to 673 incidents in 2009.
Faced with such serious substance abuse issues, it isn't uncommon for there to be questions and concerns among those affected by substance abuse and their loves ones about which treatment options are going to be the most beneficial and help resolve the problem for good. Mississippi has a number of different types of drug rehab programs available and which is appropriate for each individual really depends on drug and alcohol history as well as current physical and mental state. For the types of issues that Mississippi residents struggle with in particular, long-term drug and alcohol rehab programs which provide an inpatient or residential stay are those with the highest success rates in the state. This is true for a number of reasons, including the fact that treatment clients have no access to drugs or alcohol during times or weakness, and that they are surrounded by a robust support system that is trained and experienced in handling even the toughest cases of addiction. This isn't true in an outpatient setting, where instead the individuals is constantly surrounded by drug triggers for which they don't yet have any defense mechanisms to avoid withdrawal. Therefore, anyone looking for treatment in Mississippi should choose a long-term inpatient or residential drug rehab program as a premiere option.
Population in Mississippi:2,921,088
State Prison Population in Mississippi:20,983
Probation Population in Mississippi:21,324
Violent Crime Rate in Mississippi:
2007 Federal Drug Seizures in Mississippi:
Cocaine seizures in Mississippi:56.1kgs.
Heroin seizures in Mississippi:0.0 kgs.
Methamphetamine seizures in Mississippi:0.4 kgs./5 du
Marijuana seizures in Mississippi:771.1 kgs.
Hashish seizures in Mississippi:0.0 kgs.
MDMA seizures in Mississippi:0.0 kgs./1,084 du
Meth Lab Incidents in Mississippi:
(DEA, Mississippi, and local city Law Enforcement)
Drug Situation in Mississippi:
- The movement of illegal drugs into and through Mississippi has been a large problem for law enforcement for a number of years.
- Mississippi is ideal for drug trafficking with its interstate system, deepwater and river ports, and air and rail systems as the "Crossroads of the South" to facilitate drug movement from the South Texas/Mexico area and Gulf ports to the entire Midwest and Eastern Seaboard of the United States.
- Mississippi is made up of 82 counties, located within 47,2square miles, the majority offering rural agricultural areas.
- Mississippi has 362 miles of coastline extending from Louisiana to Alabama.
- Mississippi lies within 500 miles of more than 115 million consumers and 136 major metropolitan areas.
- Mississippi has an elaborate system of interstate highways and major thoroughfares that make traveling to these cities quick and easy. Because of their large number, many of these highways are seldom patrolled.
- Mississippi has seven passenger airports including the Golden Triangle Regional Airport in Columbus, Tupelo Municipal Airport, Gulfport-Biloxi Airport in Gulfport, Hattiesburg-Laurel Regional Airport in Hattiesburg, Greenville Municipal Airport, Meridian Municipal Airport, and the Jackson-Evers International Airport in Jackson.
- In Mississippi primary rail carriers on the nearly 3,000 miles of train track include the Illinois Central Railroad, Kansas City Southern, Burlington Northern, Columbus & Greenville Railroad Company, and Norfolk Southern System. Amtrak passenger service to and from New Orleans, Louisiana to Chicago, Illinois transits the entire State of Mississippi with major stops in state providing yet another avenue for transporting and dealing large quantities of all types of drugs.
- Cocaine, mainly crack, is the primary drug threat in Mississippi due to the availability of the drug, its high addiction rate, and the violence it brings.
- Cocaine is readily available and frequently distributed across Mississippi.
- Cocaine abuse is reported in the metropolitan cities and rural and urban areas of Mississippi.
- Cocaine abuse and distribution is associated with more incidents of violent crime than any other drug in Mississippi.
- Most of the powdered cocaine in Mississippi is transported via private and commercial motor vehicles on Interstates 10 and 20 by Colombian and Mexican Drug Trafficking Organizations (DTOs) and African American criminal groups.
- Most of the powdered cocaine is converted into crack cocaine by African American street gangs and local independent dealers for retail sales in Mississippi.
- Heroin is considered a small drug threat in Mississippi due to the low demand and high cost of the drug.
- There have been some heroin seizures on the Coast in Mississippi.
- Heroin seizures on the Mississippi Coast were primarily due to the coast's proximity to New Orleans.
- Most heroin seizures in Mississippi resulted from interdiction stops destined for eastern states.
- According to Herbert Loving, Director of the Mississippi Department of Mental Health (MDMH), Division of Alcohol, and Drugs, there are approximately 166,000 Mississippians in need of drug treatment.
- Mississippi has 774 beds for residential and secondary therapeutic services and 83 inpatient beds. 200 additional beds are located at Parchman penitentiary.
- According to the latest statistics, from January 1, 2005 through December 31, 2005 there were 20,9admissions for drug and alcohol treatment in Mississippi. Of those receiving treatment, 12,652 were admitted for treatment for drug abuse.
- In 2006, the State of Mississippi allocated $20.8 million for alcohol and drug treatment. This funding is for treatment at Mississippi state funded facilities only. Private programs are treating individuals as well without state financing.
- The cost of drug treatment has increased 15 to 20 percent over the past five years in Mississippi and is continuing to rise at the same rate. This increase could change due to unforeseen events.
- The cost of treatment per person varies significantly in Mississippi, depending on the individual's needs.
- Methamphetamine is the second most serious drug threat in Mississippi due to a greater availability of the drug, the rapid growth of abuse, the threat to human life, and the threat to the environment.
- Methamphetamine is the fastest growing drug threat in Mississippi.
- Law enforcement reports show that methamphetamine is replacing crack cocaine as the primary drug threat in Mississippi due to the availability, low cost, and long lasting effect.
- In Mississippi methamphetamine causes violent crime and hazardous conditions during production and distribution.
- Most of the methamphetamine available in Mississippi is produced in and transported from Mexico via the Southwest Border states.
- Most of the methamphetamine produced in Mississippi is for local use and local markets.
- Independent Caucasian groups are the primary producers of methamphetamine manufactured in Mississippi.
- Independent African American groups are becoming involved in the use and distribution of methamphetamine in Mississippi.
- There were 137 meth lab incidents in Mississippi in 2007.
- Club drugs, hallucinogens and steroids, are not as significant a threat as other drugs in Mississippi.
- The availability and diversion of club drugs continue to increase in Mississippi.
- Other dangerous drugs are a threat in Mississippi although not to the extent of cocaine, methamphetamine, and marijuana.
- The problem of club drugs such as MDMA has remained steady throughout Mississippi.
- MDMA has become the most abused and popular of the "club drugs" in Mississippi.
- Club drugs are available typically in small quantities throughout Mississippi, especially around university towns.
- The diversion of pharmaceutical drugs is a popular method of obtaining drugs illegally in Mississippi.
- Law enforcement officials report OxyContin abuse continues to be a substantial threat in Mississippi.
- Everything from prescription forgeries to doctor-shopping aids in the diversion of pharmaceutical drugs in Mississippi.
- An increasing number of diverted pharmaceutical drugs are transported into Mississippi from Mexico and Southwest Border towns.
- Internet pharmacies are becoming more popular in Mississippi, despite inflated costs, due to the sites not requiring a prescription or a doctor's examination.
- Methadone clinics in neighboring states continue to be a source for the abuse of Methadone by Mississippians.
- Marijuana is the most frequently abused and available drug in Mississippi.
- Reports show that marijuana is the gateway drug for teens and young adults who are beginning to experiment with drugs in Mississippi.
- Treatment data indicates admission rates for marijuana abuse are moderate, but abuse continues to be widespread in Mississippi.
- Locally grown marijuana in Mississippi is intended for local consumption.
- A higher-grade marijuana is becoming available in Mississippi due to modern indoor cultivation, influence of Vietnamese gangs and sources in Canada.
- Mexican marijuana is commonly transported into and through Mississippi along main transportation routes.
- Criminal groups usually transport smaller shipments of marijuana to Mississippi to minimize the effects of high volume seizures.
- Recent reports indicate that shipments of marijuana to Mississippi are increasing in size.
- Local dealers, street gangs, and small ethnic trafficking groups distribute marijuana in the local market in Mississippi.
- In 1995 a program was created known as the DEA Mobile Enforcement Teams, or "MET". This was in response to the overwhelming problem of drugs and drug-related crimes across the nation. There have been seven MET deployments in the State of Mississippi since the inception of the program: Jackson (2), Gulfport, Hancock County, Greenville, Hattiesburg, and Grenada.
- There were 186 drug violation arrests in Mississippi in 2007.
- The Gulf Coast HIDTA hosts the following DEA initiatives in Mississippi: Major Investigations Team, Pearl, Mississippi, North Mississippi Methamphetamine Enforcement Team, Oxford, Mississippi, Tri-County Major Investigations Team, Gulfport, Mississippi.