Kansas Drug Use Trends
The state of Kansas is located in the Midwest portion of the U.S., and is one of the most productive agricultural states in the nation. Kansas produces extremely high yields of corn, wheat, sorghum and sunflowers, and is the 15th most extensive state in the U.S. The state is also faced with problems of substance abuse, which affects all residents in one way or another. Quality drug treatment solutions are available, but some residents don't know how to get help or which program is right for them. It is also important for loved ones to understand the statistics and information regarding substance abuse in their state, so they can grasp the scope of the problem and act when they see that someone in their lives is struggling with any type of substance abuse issue.
Alcohol is the most commonly consumed substance of abuse in the state of Kansas. It is estimated that 13.1% of adults aged 18 years and older in Kansas report binge drinking in the past 30 days. Binge drinking in particular amongst Kansans is directly related to acute alcohol deaths as well as alcohol related motor vehicle deaths in the state. Additionally, around 4% of adults aged 18 years and older in Kansas are classified as heavy drinkers, and 54.7% of High School Seniors in the state report drinking alcohol in the past 30 days. This begins at a very early age among Kansas residents, with an estimated 1 in 10 youth in 6th grade reporting alcohol consumption in the past 30 days and 1 in 4 Kansas youth trying alcohol before the age of 13.
The consequences are evident, with nearly 21% of Kansans in the 18-25 years age group meeting the criteria for alcohol dependence or abuse, and the age-adjusted death rate for acute alcohol intoxication in Kansas being nearly twice the national average. Additionally, the death rate from chronic liver disease in Kansas has increased over the past 5 years, with the death rate among individuals 65 years and older being extremely higher than all other age groups.
Drug and alcohol abuse is the most preventable underlying cause of disease and death in Kansas. In addition, illicit drug use is the cause of many criminal activities in the state with most correctional facilities already at full capacity. Marijuana is the most common illicit drug used among adults in Kansas, and residents aged 18-25 years have the highest percentage of reported marijuana use. Although, one-third of Kansas high school students reporting use of marijuana at least once in their lifetime (32.5%). The second most common substance abuse problem in Kansas is non-medical use of psychotherapeutics, specifically pain relievers. This is a problem not only facing the state of Kansas, but the entire nation, and one which has become a true epidemic with many devastating consequences. Among youth, inhalants are a very common drug of choice as well, and the second most abused drug in this age group with 11.8% reporting such use at some point in their lifetime.
So as you can see, substance abuse affects residents of all ages in Kansas, and the need for quality treatment to accommodate the treatment needs of any type of client has never been greater. This can be challenging, but feasible when one considers programs that utilize a comprehensive approach and accommodate the need for a change of environment that so many addicts benefit from when being treated for any type of addiction. Because of the unique substance abuse problems that Kansas residents face, an outpatient program although convenient is in all likelihood not going to be the best option for individuals struggling with intense physical and psychological dependency issues. This is the case with most Kansas treatment clients, who will need a place to recover away from the people and things which trigger their substance abuse. This is why inpatient programs and residential facilities which provide a comprehensive treatment curriculum to address all of the facets of addiction, not only the physical and acute manifestations, are the programs with the highest success rates in the state. Long-term programs which provide treatment for 90-120 days are most ideal, because they provide the ideal treatment length that ensures clients will be able to take the time to address anything which could compromise their abstinence when they leave rehab.
Population in Kansas:2,744,687
State Prison Population in Kansas:8,966
Probation Population in Kansas:14,309
Violent Crime Rate in Kansas:
2007 Federal Drug Seizures in Kansas:
Cocaine seizures in Kansas:150.6 kgs./1 du
Heroin seizures in Kansas:0.0 kgs.
Methamphetamine seizures in Kansas:14.7 kgs./184 du
Marijuana seizures in Kansas:232.0 kgs.
Hashish seizures in Kansas:0.0 kgs.
MDMA seizures in Kansas:0.0 kgs./16,105 du
Meth Lab Incidents in Kansas:86
(DEA, Kansas, and local city Law Enforcement)
Drug Situation in Kansas:
- Mexican poly-drug trafficking organizations control the vast majority of the distribution of methamphetamine, cocaine, and marijuana in Kansas.
- Numerous organizations with ties to Texas, Arizona and California continue to distribute drugs throughout Kansas.
- Other organized criminal groups, such as Asian DTOs and Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs are also involved with distribution in Kansas, but to a lesser degree.
- Cocaine HCl and crack cocaine are easily available throughout Kansas.
- The cocaine in Kansas typically comes from sources of supply in Texas and California that are associated with Mexican international distribution organizations.
- Much of the cocaine brought into Kansas is converted to crack, packaged in plastic bags, and sold in the inner-city areas.
- Hispanic traffickers control the wholesale distribution of cocaine in Kansas. As well, many ethnic groups are involved in retail level distribution.
- Most of the cocaine seized in the Kansas City DO (KCDO) area of responsibility can be tracked back to organizations in Texas, although other seizures have been tied to the Phoenix, Arizona area.
- The KCDO reports that Kansas City also serves as a transshipment point for cocaine being shipped to Dayton, Ohio; Chicago, Illinois; Detroit, Michigan; New York, New York; and to cities in New Jersey.
- Mexican black tar heroin in most of Kansas remains limited to small, user quantities, although larger quantities can be found in cities such as Wichita and Kansas City.
- Law enforcement reports that there is little or no heroin present in western Kansas and only limited availability in the Topeka area.
- A few shipments of white heroin have been interdicted in Kansas, which were destined for locations outside the state, and there are no evidence that indicates that white heroin is being sold or abused in Kansas.
- Crystal or "ice" methamphetamine, produced and brought in by Mexican DTOs, is prevalent throughout Kansas.
- Imported Mexican methamphetamine brought into Kansas is typically higher in purity and relatively inexpensive.
- Over the past several years, legislation in Kansas has limited the ability of local laboratory operators to purchase the pseudoephedrine products necessary to produce methamphetamine, but small toxic laboratories are still operating throughout Kansas.
- Most of the meth laboratories operating in Kansas use the "birch" method and can be found in many different locations, including residences, hotels, vehicles, and remote farm areas.
- The meth laboratory operators in Kansas continue to purchase the necessary ingredients by going from store to store purchasing the maximum allowable amounts (a process known as "smurfing") and stealing other ingredients such as anhydrous ammonia.
- There were 86 meth lab incidents in Kansas in 2007.
- MDMA (ecstasy) remains available in limited quantities throughout the state of Kansas.
- MDMA (ecstasy) is popular with young users in Kansas, such as teenagers and young adults.
- The use of MDMA in Kansas also remains very popular in the homosexual community, and is often abused in conjunction with methamphetamine and/or Viagra.
- The sources of supply for MDMA in Kansas are often Asian traffickers.
- Marijuana is the most widely abused illegal substance in Kansas.
- Mexican traffickers dominate the marijuana market in Kansas, transporting large loads of lower grade marijuana via the Interstate highway system.
- Indoor cultivation, including hydroponically grown marijuana, is a concern in all areas of Kansas.
- The hydroponic marijuana grown in Kansas is in strong demand due to its higher potency and has a much higher price than Mexican marijuana.
- Kansas City also remains a significant staging area for Mexican marijuana shipped from cities on the southwest border to other parts of the United States.
- PCP is available in the Kansas City and Wichita areas of Kansas.
- PCP is found in the African-American neighborhoods of the larger cities of Kansas and is abused in the form of "wet," which is cigarettes or marijuana dipped in the PCP.
- Sources of the PCP in Kansas are usually street gangs based in Southern California.
- LSD is available in the larger cities, such as Kansas City and Wichita, and is also found in and around college campuses and other youth-type locations throughout Kansas.
- OxyContin is the pharmaceutical drug of choice in the state of Kansas.
- OxyContin is favored in Kansas by its users over street drugs such as heroin due to the consistent purity and quality.
- Kansas lists Oxycodone products as the third most abused pharmaceutical drug.
- Hydrocodone is commonly abused in Kansas.
- Other substances abused in Kansas include: Alprazolam, Benzodiazepine, Demerol, Dilaudid, Lortab, Methylphenidate, Morphine, Nubaine, Percocet, Percodan, Phenobarbitol, Phentermine, Prozac, Tylox, Valium, Vicodin, and Xanax.
- The most common methods for obtaining diverted pharmaceuticals in Kansas continue to be doctor shopping, prescription forgeries, pharmacy break-ins, employee theft, and internet pharmacy websites.
- Mexican manufactured Fentanyl has not been found in Kansas at this time.
- In 1995 a program was created known as the DEA Mobile Enforcement Teams, or "MET". This was in response to the overwhelming problem of drugs and drug-related crimes across the nation. MET had a deployment in Kansas from August 05, 2005 through March 05, 2006.
- There were 277 drug violation arrests in Kansas in 2007.
- Kansas City is located near the geographic center of the United States. Several of the nation's busiest highways (I-29, I-35, and I-70) intersect in Kansas, which allows a major transit point for the vehicular transportation of illicit drugs and drug proceeds to and from significant market areas across the nation.
- Kansas has one of the most active Operation Pipeline programs in the country. Great headway has been attained in initiating cases and effecting substantial seizures and arrests which often attack the highest levels of drug trafficking. Information gathered from these interdictions is used to further ongoing investigations.
- The Kansas City area has one of the largest railroad hubs in the United States, which is exploited by drug traffickers. Kansas City is served by four of the eight Class I railroads (Burlington Northern and Santa Fe, Kansas City Southern, Norfolk Southern, and Union Pacific) as well as regional carriers (Gateway Western, I & M Rail Link, and Missouri and Northern Arkansas). Significant seizures of drugs and drug proceeds occur at passenger bus and rail terminals in the Kansas City area.
- The Kansas City DO reports instances of drug profits being exchanged through local businesses, including casinos, for larger denomination bills. This reduces the size of bulk currency shipments, typically transported in private vehicles. Both the transportation of bulk cash in vehicles and the use of wire transfer companies remain popular with drug trafficking organizations in Kansas.