Washington is a state located in the Pacific Northwest on the coast of the Pacific Ocean. Washington is the 18th most extensive and 13th most populous state in the nation. It is also the 2nd most populous state on the West Coast, with about 60% of the 6,724,540 state residents residing in the Seattle metro area. Seattle, Washington is a bustling hub of transportation, business and industry along the Puget Sound region of the Salish Sea with the remainder of the state consisting mainly of rainforests and mountain ranges.
In the Pacific Northwest region, Washington ranks first in terms of population. According to the most recent census information collected, 77% of the states residents are White, 11% are Hispanic or Latino, 7% are Asian, 4% are Black, 1.5% are Native American, and 5% are two or more races. The largest ancestry groups are German, Irish, English, Mexican, and Norwegian.
Washington Drug Use Trends
Located in the Pacific Northwest, Washington State is a leader in the production of lumber and has several manufacturing industries including aircraft and missiles. The state's geography varies with a number of mountain ranges, volcanoes, coastal areas, rain forests, and arid deserts. A majority of Washington's residents choose to reside in the Seattle metropolitan area with easy access to transportation, commerce, and industry. Over the years problems with alcohol and drug addiction has continued to be a problem in Washington. Studies conducted in 2013 revealed a large number of young adults have begun to abuse and become addicted to heroin. The study also showed an increase in drug-caused deaths resulting from methamphetamine use.
Heroin addiction has become a widespread problem in Washington. Law enforcement noted that heroin was the most common substance seized during the first half of 2013. Additionally, 22.6% of all drug reports during the first part of 2013 referenced heroin. Washington drug rehab programs enrolled 5,297 individuals struggling with heroin addiction during 2013. This made up 15.8% of all Washington drug rehab admissions during that year. The largest age group to receive heroin addiction treatment in Washington during 2013 was between the ages of 21-25 years old (26% of all individuals receiving heroin addiction treatment). With the high number of young adults struggling with heroin addiction in Washington, concerns for resident's mortality are growing. An increase in the number of drug-caused deaths involving heroin have escalated from 32 deaths during the first part of 2011, up to 43 deaths in the first half of 2012, and then to 50 drug-caused deaths involving heroin during the first part of 2013.
Methamphetamine remains a problem in Washington. A majority of the meth in Washington is smuggled in from Mexico. However, local drug suppliers still operate clandestine meth labs throughout the state and in 2012 the Department of Ecology cleaned up 84 clandestine drug labs. These drug lab cleanups create a number of health hazards. Individuals residing in a meth lab or those designated to cleanup clandestine drug labs are prone to cancer as well as damage to their brain, liver and kidneys. During 2013, over 5,000 individuals enrolled in Washington drug rehab centers for meth addiction. This portion of Washington State drug rehab enrollments made up 15.3% of all treatment admissions that year. The largest age group to receive drug rehab treatment for meth addiction during 2013 in Washington was between the ages of 26-30 years old. As meth addiction remains a problem in Washington the number of drug-caused deaths involving methamphetamine rises. During the first half of 2013 there were 21 meth related deaths in Washington, up from 7 meth related deaths during the first part of 2011 in the state.
Washington State Drug Trends
During 2013, over 8,000 individuals enrolled in Washington drug rehab programs for problems with alcohol and a secondary substance.
The largest age group to receive treatment for alcohol and drug addiction in Washington during 2013 was between the ages of 12-17 years old (15.7% of all enrollments).
Washington crime lab chemists noted the dangerous adulterant Levamisole in many samples claiming to be cocaine. This adulterant can cause neutropenia, agranulocytosis, arthralgias, retiform purpura and skin necrosis, fever and neutropenia.
Between January and June 2013 Oxycodone drug related deaths exceeded Methadone drug-caused deaths.
Marijuana is a prevalent drug threat in Washington causing 7,427 individuals to enroll in Washington drug rehab programs for marijuana addiction treatment during 2013.
53.2% of all marijuana addiction drug rehab enrollments in Washington State during 2013 were between the ages of 12-17 years old.
Drug Rehab in Washington State
Due to the alcohol and drug problem in Washington the State Legislature and Federal Government has increased access to drug rehabilitation programs for residents looking for treatment. The Federal Government gave over one-hundred and thirty million dollars in federal government grants to Washington State to handle the drug problem, diversify treatment options for residents and create successful inpatient drug and alcohol rehab programs. Today, there are numerous options for residents struggling with substance addiction looking for rehabilitation services. The funding Washington State has received from the Federal Government has lead to an increase in residential and inpatient programs throughout the state. As the first choice in overcoming alcohol and drug addiction, long-term residential and inpatient drug rehab programs have the highest success rates due to:
A supportive drug-free environment during recovery
Safe withdrawal and detox services monitored by medical professionals
Access to staff members around the clock to aid recovering individuals
The length of time one remains in long-term drug rehab provides them with the ability to fully withdrawal, address their addiction and develop the skills necessary to remain clean and sober
State Policy Offices : Washington
State Criminal Justice Offices : Washington
State Health Offices : Washington
State Education Office : Washington
Drug Rehab and Treatment Facts Washington
In 2008, 63.5% of those in addiction treatment located in Washington were male.
36.5% of the individuals in drug addiction treatment residing in Washington during 2008 were female.
The largest age group admitted into to drug rehab during 2008 in Washington was between the ages of 41-45 (14%).
The second largest age group attending drug rehabilitation in Washington during 2008 were between the ages of 36-40 (13.5%).
70.6% of the individuals in drug treatment located in Washington during 2008 were Caucasian.
Given the unknown impact of crack preparation practices on the risks for exposure to bloodborne pathogens, crack injection may be an important factor in the current HIV epidemic. While drug users have been injecting crack as early as 1990, crack injection is a hidden practice since few research studies or drug treatment providers ask injectors specifically about injecting crack. The fact that both young and older injectors initiated crack injection throughout the 1990s - increasingly in the late 1990s among this sample - indicates that crack injection remains an emerging practice that may expose new cohorts of injectors to infectious diseases. These findings suggest that HIV service providers, outreach workers, and researchers should ask crack users about mode of administration since smoking is generally assumed. Without more detailed inquiries into the modes of administrating crack, crack injection is likely to remain a largely hidden practice. Consequently, IDUs who inject crack will fail to be identified and targeted for interventions designed to reduce the risk of transmitting bloodborne pathogens and other harms associated with preparation practices particular to crack injection.
Physical abuse is also likely when parents are high on methamphetamine. Common effects such as irritability or paranoia can lead to violence towards children in the home, which is made even more dangerous when guns or other weapons are present. In an attempt to prevent police or drug manufacturing competitors from discovering and destroying a methamphetamine laboratory, rooms may by booby trapped. Although the intent is to ward off law enforcement or competitors, booby trapping rooms is an obvious risk for children, as well as workers who enter the home. Child welfare practitioners need to be cautious in approaching a home where it is known that parents are using and look for the presence of guns or weapons to assess the safety of the situation.
For America's children and teens, marijuana is a dangerous drug. The extent of the danger and the most effective way to keep our youngsters from using this drug are matters for teens, parents, schools, churches, communities and public policy makers.
In the 1980s, cocaine production in the Andean countries of Peru, BOLIVIA, and COLOMBIA expanded significantly into nontraditional growing zones (the Bolivian Chapare region and Peruvian Upper Huallaga Valley, or UHV), augmenting the more traditional licit production areas of the Bolivian Yungas and Peruvian Cuzco regions. In the early 1980s, U.S. demand for Mexican marijuana decreased dramatically, because of consumer concernabout Mexico's drug-elimination program, where marijuana was sprayed with the herbicide paraquat, some of which is reported to have killed U.S. users. Consequently, Colombia replaced Mexico as the preferred source of high quality marijuana. Colombia and Guatemala also began to cultivate substantial amounts of opium in the early 1990s.