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Drug Rehab South Dakota
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South Dakota is located in the Midwest and is named after the Lakota and Sioux American Indian tribes. It is the 17th most extensive in terms of area and 5th least populous in the U.S. The state capitol of South Dakota is Pierre, and Sioux Falls is the largest city in the state with a population of 159,000. South Dakota is bordered by North Dakota, Minnesota, Iowa, Nebraska, Wyoming and Montana and is bisected by the Missouri River. The eastern portion of the state, east of the river, is where the majority of the states residents reside. As of 2012, the total population in South Dakota was estimated to be at 833,354. About 85% of the population in the state is non-Hispanic White, 9% are American Indian or Alaskan Native, 1.2% is non-Hispanic Black or African American, and about 3% are Hispanic or Latino. The five largest ancestry groups are German, Norwegian, Irish, Native American and English.
South Dakota Drug Use Trends
With a population of 853,175 residents (2014 census), the state of South Dakota is the fifth least densely populated state in the country. South Dakota is divided into two socially distinct halves by the Missouri River; residents refer to these areas as "East River" and "West River". The eastern part of the state is where the majority of residents reside and it has fertile soil that a variety of crops are gown. The area west of the Missouri River is predominantly ranching with defense spending and tourism being the largest contributor to the area's economy. Residents of South Dakota experience problems with alcohol and drug abuse similar to other areas of the country. While the state is one of the least populated of all the 50 states, in 2013 13,586 individuals enrolled in South Dakota drug rehab programs for problems with alcoholism and drug addiction.
In 2013, South Dakota was ranked as one of the top five states in alcohol consumption. The state's average alcohol consumption is 38% higher than the national average. The average for most states is 28.2 gallons per person over 21 years old, while in South Dakota the average is 38.9 gallons per person over 21 years of age. However, heavy alcohol consumption in South Dakota is not limited strictly to those over the age of 21. The state has a serious problem with underage drinking.
The South Dakota Youth Risk Behavior Survey conducted in 2013 provides statistics on underage drinking, car crashes, deaths and injuries. Between 2006 and 2014 alcohol related crashes for South Dakota residents ages 13-19 totaled 66 deaths and 864 injuries. In the survey, 64% of high school students in South Dakota reported having one or more alcoholic drinks in their lifetime. Binge drinking among South Dakota youth is a concern for parents and law enforcement, with 17.2% admitting to having five or more consecutive drinks in one sitting within the thirty days before the survey. Shockingly, the survey also revealed that 75% of South Dakota youth reside in alcohol permissive households. Many of these students noted that they had been heavily drinking alcohol since the ninth grade.
Alcohol abuse and addiction was the leading reason behind the majority of South Dakota drug rehab enrollments during 2013. 6,616 individuals entered alcohol and drug addiction treatment in South Dakota during 2013; 48.7% of all South Dakota drug rehab enrollments that year. Of this group of drug rehab enrollments, 75.8% were male and 24.2% were female. The largest age group to receive alcohol addiction treatment during 2013 in South Dakota was between the ages of 21-25 years old.
How Alcohol Affects the Body
Over consumption of alcohol affects the user's body in a number of ways including damage to the brain, heart and liver.
Brain: When a person drinks excessive amounts of alcohol it interferes with their brain's communication pathways. Alcohol abuse can actually change the way the user's brain looks and functions. The changes the experience from alcohol abuse and addiction cause disruptions to their mood and behavior. When a person has consumed alcohol it can make it more difficult for them to think clearly and move with coordination.
Heart: Alcohol abuse and alcoholism can damage the user's heart. Alcohol related heart problems include cardiomyopathy (stretching and drooping of the heart muscle), arrhythmias (an irregular heart beat), stroke and high blood pressure.
Liver: Many have heard that alcohol addiction can cause problems with the user's liver. When a person is a heavy drinker or struggles with alcohol addiction they are susceptible to: steatosis (fatty liver), alcoholic hepatitis (inflammation of the liver), fibrosis (excess deposition of fibrous tissue) and cirrhosis (a result of advanced liver disease characterized by replacement of liver tissue by fibrosis).
Pancreas: The pancreas produces toxic substances when a person abuses alcohol. This can lead to pancreatitis, a serious health problem causing inflammation and swelling of the blood vessels preventing proper digestion.
Immune System: Consuming alcohol has been shown to weaken the user's immune system making them more vulnerable to disease and infections.
Cancer: A person who regularly consumes large amounts of alcohol increases their chances of developing cancer of the mouth, esophagus, throat, liver and breast.
Recovering from Alcoholism and Drug Addiction
Substances such as alcohol and drugs create pleasure in the user when they are consumed. The pleasure center of their brain is activated. Each time they use they are rewarded with a positive sensation that drives them to recreate that feeling over and over again. Ending the cycle of addiction is often difficult because the user becomes dependent on the substance to create a false sense of pleasure that they feel they are no longer able to generate naturally without using. While the addicted individual may find it near impossible to stop using and a lead a healthy, happy and productive life without substance use, it is possible.
South Dakota drug rehab programs are able to work with addicted residents in overcoming their alcohol and drug addiction problems and restore them to their former selves. This process takes time and doesn't happen overnight. Just as their downward spiral into addiction took place over months or years, recovery is a journey often filled with ups and downs along the way. With treatment at a long-term inpatient residential drug rehab the addicted individual can make great strides in achieving lasting sobriety and learn the life skills they need to maintain their substance-free state for the rest of their life.
During their time enrolled in a South Dakota long-term inpatient residential alcohol and drug rehab the addicted individual will go through supervised withdrawal, uncover and resolve the issues that drove them to substance abuse, gain the life skills they are deficient in to help them remain clean and sober, receive addiction counseling, develop relapse prevention tools and create a plan for their future after treatment is complete. Aftercare plays a significant role in maintaining sobriety. Successful drug rehab programs will include some form of aftercare in their exit plan for their graduates. This may be regular check-ins with staff, attending local meetings or support groups or encouraging their graduates to continue on to a sober living program.
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