Jefferson City, MO is the capital of Missouri. This state joined the union on August 10, 1821. It was the 24th state to join the union. The state symbols of Missouri include the hawthorn, bluebird and the paddlefish. 2010 resident census population reported that 5,988,927 call the state of Missouri their home. Of this population 2,933,477 were Male; Female: 3,055,450. White: 4,958,770 (86.54%); Black: 693,391(12.04%); American Indian: 27,376 (1.03%); Asian: 98,083 (1.61%); Other race: 80,457; Two or more races: 124,589; Hispanic/Latino: 212,470. 2010 population 18 and over: 4,563,491; 65 and over: 838,294 median age: 37.
Missouri Drug Use Trends
Missouri is a Midwestern state in the U.S., with the four largest urban areas in the state being St. Louis, Kansas City, Springfield and Columbia. The northern portion of the state is mainly composed of plains while the southern portion is mountainous, with the Missouri River dividing both. Missouri is actually placed directly at the intersection of the three greatest rivers in North American, including the Mississippi, Missouri and Ohio Rivers. Missouri residents face many challenges in regard to drug and alcohol abuse, as well as challenges in treating addiction and making sure that residents know where to go when they need help for it.
Alcohol is the most commonly abused drug among Missouri residents. And even though alcohol is legal, it causes just as many problems in regards to dependence, addiction and the consequences of its use among residents. Binge drinking is an unfortunate and common occurrence among young residents in the state under the age of 25. Among youth in the state, studies indicate that alcohol tends to be the drug that is seen both as the most acceptable and the easiest to obtain in the state. Between 2010 and 2011, 15.0% of Missouri residents in the 12-17 age group reported drinking in the last month. Over 60% of Missouri residents in the 18-25 age group reported drinking in the last month, and over 37% reported binge drinking in the last month.
Statistics and studies show that the consequences associated with illicit drug use in Missouri tend to be higher than the national average. One of the major problems is the perception risk associated with use of marijuana, and over one-quarter of all youth surveyed in Missouri do not find marijuana smoking to be a risky behavior. Likewise, over one-third of all youth in Missouri say it would be easy to obtain to obtain marijuana, and most think that persons smoking marijuana would most likely not be caught by police. Missouri males aged 18 to 25 are the age group with the highest illicit drug use rates across all drugs. Between 2010 and 2011, 18.3% of Missouri residents in the 18-25 age group reported smoking marijuana in the last month. Depression and suicide, closely associated with substance abuse, are a larger problem in Missouri than the rest of the nation on average. Missouri has been higher than the rest of the nation on average for rate of deaths due to suicide over the last decade.
Marijuana is not the only popular drug of abuse in the state however, and over 7% of Missouri residents in the 18-25 age group report using illicit drugs, other than marijuana at some point in the past month. The rate of deaths related to drug related overdose/poisonings in Missouri has been higher than the national average for the last several years, and between 1999 and 2005 the amount of drug related deaths has increased by 15.6%. This is a serious problem in the state for other reasons as well, with an estimated 85% of parolees in Missouri reporting substance abuse or dependence. In addition, an estimated 27% of child abuse or neglect perpetrators in Missouri are characterized as having alcohol or drug related problems.
Because the devastating consequences of substance abuse in Missouri are preventable, early intervention is crucial as well as making quality treatment available to all residents who need it. The programs in Missouri which have been to be the most effective at resolving the problems of drug and alcohol addiction are drug rehab programs which provide an inpatient and residential or residential stay for at least 90-120 days. While other less intensive options are available, such as 30-day programs or outpatient treatment facilities, many treatment clients may be prone to relapse because they aren't in the appropriate environment long enough to resolve the causes of addiction before they return to their normal lives. For outpatient clients of course, this is every day, so they are constantly exposed to unresolved drug triggers and have the highest rates of relapse. So it is important for Missouri residents to understand that the easiest course of action isn't necessarily the best, and it can be helpful to speak with a treatment counselor at a long-term inpatient or residential drug rehab facility in the state to learn about all of the benefits of such treatment.
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Drug Rehab and Treatment Facts Missouri
In 2008, 67.7% of those in addiction treatment located in Missouri were male.
32.3% of the individuals in drug addiction treatment residing in Missouri during 2008 were female.
The largest age group admitted into to drug rehab during 2008 in Missouri was between the ages of 21-25 (15.8%).
The second largest age group attending drug rehabilitation in Missouri during 2008 were between the ages of 36-40 (14.5%).
69% of the individuals in drug treatment located in Missouri during 2008 were Caucasian.
MDMA, best known as ecstasy, is a drug usually taken in pill form, often in social settings such as parties, clubs, or raves. (A rave is a wild overnight dance party that typically involves huge crowds of people, loud techno music, and illegal drug use.) By 2004, however, ecstasy use had spread beyond the party scene. According to the Office of National Drug Control Policy of the Executive Office of the President: "[R]esearch indicates that the use of MDMA is moving to settings other than nightclubs, such as private homes, high schools, college dorms, and shopping malls." The illegal substance produces a variety of effects on behavior and basic metabolism (bodily function). Some of these effects are temporarily pleasant. The user may feel happy, more in tune with others, and more energetic. Other effects are not so welcome. These include clenched jaws, DEHYDRATION, and dangerous fever.
Neurotransmitter = any endogenous compound that plays a role in synaptic nervous transmission.
A study conducted in three large metropolitan areas of the United States showed that illegal drug use strongly increased the likelihood that users would meet a violent death—in other words, die from intentional injury. This study looked at marijuana, cocaine, heroin, amphetamines, and barbiturates. The study found that drug users were seven times more likely than non-users to commit suicide, and five times more likely to be murdered. Subjects using both drugs and alcohol were seventeen times more likely to commit suicide, and twelve times more likely to die from homicide than non-users.
In a club or rave setting, an ecstasy user might dance nonstop for hours, "feeling" the music with a heightened sense of awareness. However, repeated incidents have shown that crowded clubs prove a bad setting for ecstasy use. The drug's side effects can be intensified by heat, exercise, and dehydration.