Baton Rouge is the capital of Louisiana. On April 30, 1812 Louisiana entered the union and became America’s eighteenth state. Their state motto is “Union, justice and confidence”. You may also hear Louisiana referred to as the Pelican State as it is one of its given nicknames. The largest city in this state is New Orleans with 343,820 residents as of 2010. The state of Louisiana has a population of 4,533,372 people. Of this population, 2,219,292 (48.4%) are Male; Female: 2,314,080 (51.6%). White: 2,836,192 (62.6%); Black: 1,452,396 (32.0%); American Indian: 30,579 (0.7%); Asian: 70,132 (1.5%); Other race: 69,227 (1.4%); Two or more races: 72,883 (1.6%); Hispanic/Latino: 192,560 (4.2%). 2000 population 18 and over: 3,415,357; 65 and over: 557,857; median age: 35.
Louisiana Drug Use Trends
Louisiana is a southern state in the U.S., and is the only state in the U.S. with political subdivisions which are called parishes instead of counties. This is because of the primarily Catholic following in the state. The largest parish in Louisiana is East Baton Rouge, and its most extensive by land area is Plaquemines. The Mississippi River flows through the state, and there are enormous deltas and vast coastal and swamplands in Louisiana. Substance abuse is no stranger to Louisiana, and there are constant efforts to educate, mitigate and treat addiction when possible. However the need for further efforts and the availability of quality treatment is needed more than ever in the state.
Many of the leading causes of death in Louisiana are attributable to substance abuse, with the top 5 all being substance related causes of mortality. In 2006 for example, substance abuse was responsible for over 60% of deaths in the state. In Louisiana, alcohol is consumed more frequently than all other illicit drugs combined, and is the drug most likely associated with injury or death in the state of Louisiana. Drinking typically begins at a very early age for Louisianans, and underage drinking along with problems associated with underage drinking are well above the national average. Even though the national trend has seen a decrease in recent years in the percentage of youth who indicate current drinking, this trend is not seen in Louisiana. Between 1998 and 2006, Louisiana consistently consumed more alcohol per capita than the rest of the United States, and nearly 3 gallons of ethanol per capita were sold in Louisiana in 2006, outpacing the rest of the nation by nearly a gallon. The consequences of alcohol abuse are grim in the state, with alcohol being responsible for approximately 23% of sexual assaults, 30% of physical assaults and also being a key factor in 68% of manslaughters, 62% of assaults, 54% of murders/attempted murders, and 48% of robberies in the state.
Louisiana residents have experienced a steady but slight increase in recent years in illicit drug use among all but the youngest of the state's residents. The rate of any illicit drug use in the state is typically higher than the national rate, by about a percentage point across most age groups. Cocaine use in Louisiana is typically higher in those 26 and older, and the rate of marijuana use in Louisiana has held constant in recent years with the highest prevalence of use among young adults aged 18-25 year olds, in which 14-15% reported marijuana use in the past 30 days. An estimated 25% of male college students in Louisiana report using marijuana in the past 30 days, while only 11% of females indicate doing so. An estimated 11% of 8th grade students in Louisiana report using illicit drugs in the past 30 days. In terms of the consequences of such abuse, Louisiana residents aged 35-54 have the highest number of drug induced deaths.
Heroin addiction is a particular problem in Louisiana, fueled and spawned by the prescription pain killer abuse problem which has swept the nation and state over the past decade or so. Prescription pain killer habits can be more challenging to maintain, and many users are switching to cheaper more accessible heroin as a result. This in turn has fueled an increase in deadly overdoses in the New Orleans metro area, with the most drug deaths last year, and the most deaths caused by heroin.
Substance abuse and its consequences affect tens of thousands of people in Louisiana, yet there are options which can be accessed when someone needs effective treatment. The first thing to understand is that addiction doesn't have to reach a crisis point before someone in Louisiana can get help, and the time to receive treatment is as soon as possible. It is also important to choose a drug rehab program in Louisiana which meets the level of treatment need based on the individual's history of substance abuse. Heroin or prescription pain killer dependence isn't something that can typically be handled in an outpatient setting for example, if the individual wants to be completely drug free. This type of addiction and dependence issues will need to be addressed in an inpatient or residential drug rehab in the state which delivers long term treatment. This will give the individual time to stabilize because this type of addiction causes intense cravings which can persist for months in some cases and when not in a rehab setting can cause a relapse. So to avoid this, it can be beneficial to stay away from the more abbreviate and less intensive short term or outpatient programs in Louisiana and instead opt for a long-term inpatient or residential drug rehab program in the state, which are the programs with the highest success rates.
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Drug Rehab and Treatment Facts Louisiana
In 2008, 70.4% of those in addiction treatment located in Louisiana were male.
29.6% of the individuals in drug addiction treatment residing in Louisiana during 2008 were female.
The largest age group admitted into to drug rehab during 2008 in Louisiana was between the ages of 21-25 (16.7%).
The second largest age group attending drug rehabilitation in Louisiana during 2008 were between the ages of 36-40 (13.8%).
59.8% of the individuals in drug treatment located in Louisiana during 2008 were Caucasian.
Alcohol consumption is associated with a linear increase in breast cancer incidence in women over the range of consumption reported by most women. A pooled analysis of several studies found breast cancer risk was significantly elevated by 9% for each 10-grams per day increase in alcohol intake for intakes up to 60 grams per day.
Liver Disorders. The liver is particularly endangered by alcoholism. About 10% to 35% of heavy drinkers develop alcoholic hepatitis, and 10% to 20% develop cirrhosis. In the liver, alcohol converts to an even more toxic substance, acetaldehyde, which can cause substantial damage. Not eating when drinking and consuming a variety of alcoholic beverages are also factors that increase the risk for liver damage. People with alcoholism are also at higher risk for hepatitis B and C, potentially chronic liver diseases than can lead to cirrhosis and liver cancer.
Although many individuals have taken barbiturates therapeutically without harmful effects, concern about the degree of drowsiness produced in routine dosage, the potential for addiction, and the growing numbers of fatalities associated with the barbiturates led to the development of alternative medications such as the benzodiazepines. As of 2001, barbiturates comprised only about 20% of all depressant prescriptions written in the United States.
Alcohol and drug-related ED visits:For 2006, DAWN estimates that 577,521 (CI: 501,944 to 653,048) ED visits involved either alcohol in combination with another drug (all ages) or alcohol alone for patients under the age of 21. This is about one third (33%) of all drug misuse/abuse ED visits. Since DAWN does not account for ED visits involving alcohol alone in adults, the actual number of ED visits involving alcohol is higher. Alcohol is reported to DAWN when it is present in combination with other drugs, regardless of the patient's age.