Delaware Drug Use Trends
Delaware is located in the Northeastern portion of the U.S., and is bordered to the south and west by Maryland, to the north by Pennsylvania and to the northeast by New Jersey. Delaware is located in a region of the U.S. that is the sixth least populous but sixth most densely populated. Like many if not most other states in the U.S., the state of Delaware has experienced an increase in the prevalence of substance abuse in recent years. And like all other states in the nation, this of course points to the need for greater awareness, education, prevention, and treatment of the substance abuse problem in the state of Delaware before it worsens even more so.
In Delaware, an estimated 12% of all youths per year in between 2008 and 2012 reported using illicit drug use within the month prior to being surveyed. And an even more alarming fact is that only 1 in 4 12- to 17-year-olds in Delaware in 2011-2012 reported they perceived great risk from smoking marijuana once a month, a rate higher than the national rate, and a statistic that About 3 in 5 (60.3%) 12- to 17-year-olds in Delaware in 2011- 2012 perceived no great risk from drinking five or more drinks once or twice a week. Because the risks associated with smoking marijuana and drinking alcohol often include developing other more serious substance abuse problems as they are known gateway drugs, this is something that parents must be keenly aware of so that education and early intervention is possible when possible.
Between 2008 and 2012 in Delaware, nearly 8% of persons aged 21 or reported heavy alcohol use within the month prior to being surveyed. One of the most prevalent drug abuse problems in the state currently, and is a problem seen throughout the nation, is non-medical use of prescription drugs. Delaware has the 10th highest drug overdose mortality rate in the nation, with the majority of such deaths directly associated with accidental overdoses from prescription drugs. The number of prescription drugs overdose deaths in the state of Delaware has actually doubled since 1999, mirroring similar outcomes nationwide from prescription drug abuse. Additionally, past month use of marijuana and other illicit drugs are higher than national rates with cocaine and heroin in particular being to blame for such high rates among adults in the state.
In 2012, nearly 60% of Delaware residents enrolled in substance abuse treatment were there for a drug problem only, 14.4% were in treatment for an alcohol problem only, and over 26% were in treatment for problems with both drugs and alcohol. Among residents aged 12 or older with alcohol dependence or abuse between 2008 and 2012, only around 5,000 (9.5%) received treatment for their alcohol use (meaning 89.5% did not). Among residents aged 12 or older with illicit drug dependence or abuse between 2008 and 2012, only 21% received treatment.
Delaware residents are faced with many serious substance abuse problems which not only threatens their quality of life, but threatens their lives in general because so many people are losing their lives to addiction each year in Delaware and nationally at alarming rated. Delaware residents have a chance to take over the power that they once relented to drugs and/or alcohol over their lives by receiving effective drug treatment that can put an end to the problem once and for all. Trying to kick the habit outside of a drug rehab environment is often not a successful effort, and it can very often be a very dangerous undertaking as well. Withdrawal symptoms from alcohol in particular and prescription drugs can actually be life threatening on some occasions when not intervened upon by treatment and medical professionals, so this should always be kept in mind when trying to decide if rehab if right for you or someone you care about. It isn't just a matter of having the willpower to quit, because drugs and alcohol taken over a person's will to the point where they simply can't have control over this decision even if that wish to. This is why rehab is the best answer, and comprehensive rehab programs which help through detox and much more are going to be the most effective approach to kicking any type of substance abuse problem.
In the majority of instances, resolving any type of substance abuse issue isn't necessarily going to be quick or easy if it is being done the right way. Becoming abstinent and getting through detox withdrawal should only be the first brief step of any truly comprehensive drug rehab program in Delaware, which should have the end goal of resolving the true causes and triggers of the person's substance abuse problem so that it is never a problem for them again in the future. This is of course best accomplished in an environment that is conducive to complete focus, where one is surrounded by a sound support system that has every tool and technique accessible to them to help clients through this often difficult but rewarding process. The most proven treatment options in Delaware are programs which provide an inpatient or residential stay of at least 90-120 days, most of which are covered through private health insurance making treatment available for virtually anyone in the state.
Population in Delaware:853,476
State Prison Population in Delaware:6,944
Probation Population in Delaware:18,462
Violent Crime Rate in Delaware:
2007 Federal Drug Seizures in Delaware:
Cocaine seizures in Delaware:3.9 kgs.
Heroin seizures in Delaware:0.6 kgs.
Methamphetamine seizures in Delaware:0.0 kgs.
Marijuana seizures in Delaware:6.1 kgs.
Hashish seizures in Delaware:0 kgs.
MDMA seizures in Delaware:0.0 kgs.
Meth Lab Incidents in Delaware:0
(DEA, Delaware, and local city Law Enforcement)
Drug Situation in Delaware:
- Heroin, powder cocaine, crack cocaine, and marijuana are the four most available, popular, and trafficked illegal drugs in Delaware.
- Methamphetamine and club drugs, such as MDMA (ecstasy), are also easily available to users of various ages and backgrounds in Delaware.
- It seems that OxyContin is less available in Delaware, though other diverted pharmaceutical drugs remain available to users in Delaware.
- Delaware's largest city, Wilmington, is located on the Interstate 95 corridor, the East Coast's most frequently traveled highway. I-95 runs from Boston, through New York City, Philadelphia, and Washington, DC, to Miami. Due to its location and proximity to Philadelphia and New York, Wilmington, Delaware has become a lower-level source city. Therefore, Delaware is accessible both to trafficking organizations looking to move operations from major cities as well as to distributors from within Delaware and from surrounding areas in southeastern Pennsylvania and Maryland.
- Philadelphia's street corner distribution networks are generally considered the main sources of supply for drugs sold to users in Delaware. However, intelligence indicates that local distribution networks within Delaware are also directly supplied by trafficking organizations based in New York.
- Heroin trafficking and distribution are the DEA Philadelphia Division's top enforcement priorities. Investigations reveal that trafficking organizations are relocating from the inner city neighborhoods of Pennsylvania and New York into Delaware, in search of new customers, higher profits, and less law enforcement. This trend remains a significant concern to state and local law enforcement, community, and treatment officials in Delaware.
- Another concern to Delaware law enforcement officials is the availability of various drugs to teenagers and young adults during the summer months at Rehoboth Beach. It has come to light recently that the influx of visitors to this beach community in Delaware during the summer results in an increased availability of methamphetamine, MDMA (ecstasy), and GHB to individuals who go to nightclubs or attend rave parties there.
- Cocaine, in powder and crack forms, remains increasingly available and popular in Delaware.
- Both forms of cocaine are available to users located both in the inner city neighborhoods of Wilmington, Delaware as well as in smaller cities and towns across the state.
- Quantities of powder cocaine are also available to local Delaware distributors who convert or "cook" the powder cocaine into crack cocaine. Due to its wide availability and relative ease of use (smoking), the popularity and use of crack cocaine continues to increase in Delaware.
- Philadelphia and New York City remain the primary source areas of cocaine distributed in Delaware.
- While some distributors from Delaware continue to travel to Philadelphia to purchase cocaine and crack cocaine, distributors also travel to New York to purchase large quantities of powder cocaine for distribution to local users or to "cook" and sell as crack cocaine.
- As with heroin, recent reports show that traffickers and distributors from source areas are moving into Wilmington, Delaware to distribute large quantities of cocaine.
- Heroin is available primarily in northern Delaware. This is due to the fact that distributors are relocating from source cities (Philadelphia and New York) to Wilmington, Delaware in order to escape the attention of law enforcement, attract new customers, and sell to existing customers from surrounding areas, including southeastern Pennsylvania and Maryland.
- Although Philadelphia is the primary source for heroin distributors and users in Delaware, reports indicate that larger quantities of heroin are also available and distributed locally in Wilmington.
- The relocation of trafficking and distribution organizations into Delaware over the last few years resulted in the increased availability of heroin in locations once dominated by powder cocaine, crack cocaine, and other drugs - including Delaware.
- The increasing availability of cheaper, higher purity heroin over the last few years has caused concern in Delaware over a growing heroin use problem that reaches all levels of society.
- Heroin is popular among teens and young adults in Delaware, who consume heroin either by itself or in combination with cocaine or alcohol. This combination typically leads to overdose deaths.
- In Delaware, the perception of heroin remaining a problem only in the region's major cities is no longer accurate.
- Methamphetamine is generally available in limited quantities in Delaware.
- According to recent investigations, methamphetamine is easily available to those who visit the Rehoboth Beach area in Delaware during the summer months.
- The majority of the methamphetamine used in Delaware is supplied by local traffickers who manufacture or produce it themselves.
- Methamphetamine is also made available in Delaware by major trafficking organizations operating in California and Mexico. Intelligence indicates that these organizations transport methamphetamine into Delaware using a variety of methods, including private vehicles, commercial bus luggage, and packages shipped via express mail and parcel services.
- There have been no methamphetamine lab incidents in Delaware since 2004.
- Methamphetamine is not nearly as popular as heroin, cocaine, or crack cocaine in Delaware. However, methamphetamine is attractive because of its longer lasting high and because users in can easily produce their own methamphetamine with readily available recipes, precursor chemicals or ingredients, and equipment.
- Laboratory operators in Delaware use various means to obtain precursor chemicals, including diversion from legitimate sources and self-production. However, precursor chemicals include commonly used household products/chemicals, such as lye, and over-the-counter drugs, such as pseudoephedrine, most of which are readily available at retail stores in Delaware.
- MDMA (ecstasy) is primarily available at rave parties and nightclubs in Wilmington and Rehoboth Beach in Delaware, but remains available to and popular among teenagers and young adults on college campuses across the state.
- Gamma hydroxybutyric acid (GHB), the GHB precursor gamma butyrolactone (GBL), and ketamine are also available and are used in popular Delaware nightclubs.
- Philadelphia and New York City are the primary source areas for the retail quantities of MDMA available in Delaware.
- Wholesale quantities of MDMA tablets are also shipped and transported directly into Delaware via mail/parcel services or couriers who fly into major international airports, including nearby Philadelphia International Airport, with suitcases or wearing clothing that conceals tablets.
- Marijuana is readily available in Delaware.
- Recreational use of marijuana is popular among high school and college age students in Delaware.
- Adults are the predominant users of marijuana in Delaware, especially in large social gatherings, such as rock concerts.
- Reports in Delaware indicate that marijuana is typically smoked in combination with crack cocaine, heroin, and PCP.
- The primary source area of marijuana distributed in Delaware is the US southwest border region, including Texas, Arizona, California, and Mexico. It is brought into Delaware using tractor-trailers, private vehicles, and in passenger luggage on commercial aircraft, buses, and trains. The US Postal Service and parcel shipping companies (e.g. UPS, Fedex) are also used to transport marijuana into Delaware.
- Smaller amounts of marijuana are "home-grown", as recent reports of indoor and outdoor marijuana grow seizures indicate that smaller growing operations are active in Delaware.
- Immediate release oxycodone products (such as Percocet, Percodan, Tylox and Roxicet) continue to be a problem in Delaware.
- Illegal sale and distribution of diverted pharmaceuticals is done by health care professionals and workers, especially pharmacy technicians who are not licensed in Delaware, "doctor shopping" (going to a number of doctors to obtain prescriptions for a controlled pharmaceutical), forged prescriptions, and the Internet.
- The money raised from drug sales is transported to source areas from Delaware using physical transportation or electronic transfer. Methods of physical transportation include direct shipment of cash via parcel or mail services and transportation by vehicle using a variety of concealment measures. Technology developed and advanced in the last several years made the electronic transfer of funds a much more attractive and much less risky method to pay sources of supply around the world. Wire remittance companies are regularly used to transfer money, though internet banking to transfer funds into domestic and international bank accounts has become increasingly popular. Money laundering methods include purchasing valuables, vehicles, real estate, and other property with drug proceeds; the creation and use of fictitious front companies and illegitimate businesses, including internet-based companies and businesses; and the "structuring" of electronic transfers over several days, even using several different financial institutions, to avoid transaction reporting.
- In 1995 a program was created known as the DEA Mobile Enforcement Teams, or "MET". This was in response to the overwhelming problem of drugs and drug-related crimes across the nation. There have been three MET deployments in the State of Delaware since the inception of the program, in Wilmington (2) and Rehoboth Beach.
- There were 94 drug violation arrests in 2007 in Delaware.