The state of Arkansas entered the union on June 15, 1836 and was the twenty-fifth state to do so. Their state motto is Regnat populous (The people rule) and nickname is The Natural State. The apple blossom is the state flower of Arkansas and the pine is their state tree. Little Rock is the capital of Arkansas and the state’s abbreviation is AR. The 2010 census population of this state was 2,915,918 people. Of the 2,915,918 people living in Arkansas in 2010, 1,431,637 were Male; Female: 1,484,281. White: 2,245,229 (77.0%); Black: 449,895 (15.4%); American Indian: 22,248 (0.8%); Asian: 36,102 (1.2%); Other race: 99,571 (3.4%); Two or more races: 57,010 (2.0%); Hispanic/Latino: 186,050 (6.4%). 2010 population 18 and over: 2,204,443; 65 and over: 419,981; median age: 37.4.
Arkansas Drug Use Trends
Arkansas is predominantly rural, with about half of the 75 counties in the state having a population under 20,000. Nearly 20% of state residents live below the poverty line, which is well above the national average and is an indicator of the types of challenges Arkansas residents face in their lives, including the fact that 17 percent of Arkansans ages 25 and older have not obtained a high school diploma. One of the problems Arkansans face is substance abuse, and how to effectively address it. The following are some specific examples unique to Arkansas and what can be done about the problem in terms of quality treatment solutions.
By senior year in high school, over 61% of Arkansas students have had more than a few sips of alcohol, and over 20% have engaged in binge drinking. The percentage of 12th-graders using inhalants is well above the national rate, and there has been a recent increase in both 10th and 12th grades in use of both heroin and methamphetamine, also rates which are greater for Arkansas 12th-graders than those nationally. Astonishingly, about 13% of high school seniors in Arkansas report using methamphetamines in their lifetime.
Illicit drug use among adults in Arkansas is much greater among residents ages 18-25 (17.9%) than for those ages 26 and older (5.7%). One of the particular substance abuse problems Arkansans face, a problem that is a national epidemic, is non-medical use of prescription pain killers. In 2011, Arkansas had a higher rate (12.9%) of non-medical use of prescription pain relievers among people ages 18-25 than the national rate (10.4%) and also for those ages 26 and older. Another serious problem has to do with the use of methamphetamine, and Arkansas is ranked 2nd nationally among 18-25 year-olds for methamphetamine use in the past year.
Consequences of Substance abuse in Arkansas
Nearly 50% of drug related arrests in Arkansas are concerning to marijuana or hashish.
Between 2000 and 2010, rates of suicide deaths among Arkansas males were 4-5 times higher than females, and studies show that suicide is often caused by substance abuse problems.
Arkansas is in the top 5 in the nation for overall crash fatality rate, a rate which is higher than the national average for both adults and underage drinkers.
In recent years, treatment data shows that there has been a decrease in alcohol and marijuana treatment admissions, and an increase in methamphetamine treatment admissions. Additionally there has been a significant increase in drug related admissions with a co-occurring alcohol problem, and in 2013 more than 11,000 Arkansans were admitted to an alcohol or drug treatment state-supported facility. Between 2005 and 2009, treatment admissions for other opiates which include prescription pain killers increased more than 250%.
It is estimated that 53,000 Arkansans need help for illicit drug use, and 118,000 Arkansans need help for alcohol use, neither of which are receiving treatment. Because substance abuse affects so many residents and the consequences of this can be so devastating, it is crucial that Arkansans know that there are quality drug treatment options in the state if they need it. Some programs are available as part of state and government established facilities or even religious based groups which offer treatment at no cost or very little cost to clients. This may only offer brief intervention so that a person can have support while they get off of drugs, and extensive aftercare may be required and in this case individuals may want to agree to a stay in a sober living facility or halfway house in Arkansas until they are more stable and on their feet. This is particularly the case for long-term addicts or for inmates who have just been released for example and may have this requirement as part of their probation.
There are of course facilities which offer treatment which the client must pay for, such as private drug rehab programs in the state or programs which accept health insurance. These tend to be the more quality options in Arkansas, particularly when choosing a long-term inpatient or residential facility, because they are well equipped and prepared to help an individual become abstinent but more importantly give them the opportunity, ample time and appropriate environment to establish the causes of their substance abuse problem so they can fix it. While there are no promises, being in a therapeutic environment where the client is not rushed through the rehab process gives them the solace needed to be able to focus completely on treatment not be caught off guard by things in their environment back at home which could trigger a relapse, which is often the case with outpatient programs in the state for example.
If someone you know needs help for any type of substance abuse problem no matter how advanced, contact a profession treatment counselor in your area to get help getting them into the right treatment facility in the state right away.
State Drug Offices: Arkansas
State Policy Offices Arkansas
State Criminal Justice Offices Arkansas
State Health Offices Arkansas
Drug Rehab and Treatment Facts Arkansas
In 2008, 71.7% of those in addiction treatment located in State were male.
28.3% of the individuals in drug addiction treatment residing in State during 2008 were female.
The largest age group admitted into to drug rehab during 2008 in State was between the ages of 21-25 (15.8%).
The second largest age group attending drug rehabilitation in State during 2008 were between the ages of 26-30 (15.2%).
73.3% of the individuals in drug treatment located in State during 2008 were Caucasian.
A fact about alcohol and pregnancy. Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is one of the most common known causes of infant mental retardation, and is the only cause of this deformity that is preventable. Babies with classic FAS are born abnormally small and typically do not manifest normal growth as they get older. Babies with FAS may be born with small eyes, small flat cheeks, or a short or upturned nose. Moreover, the organs, especially the heart, of the babies with FAS may not develop properly.
Driving and Drugs: The role of alcohol in traffic and other injuries is well documented, but determining the effects of other drugs, both legal and illegal, on driving is more difficult. This is true for three reasons: (1) Few drivers who are not involved in crashes volunteer to provide blood samples so their drug levels can be compared with drug levels in blood samples obtained from collision victims; (2) It is very difficult to determine how drug levels in the blood are related to the drug's actions in the brain, and it is those actions in the brain that cause impaired behavior; and (3) It can be difficult to determine how the interactions of various combinations of drugs, with or without alcohol, may contribute to impairment. One study was designed to get around the first problem. Researchers studied only drivers who had been in crashes. They divided the drivers into two groups—those who were responsible for the crash and those who were not—and studied blood samples from each. The drivers who caused crashes had higher levels of prescription drugs, such as antidepressants and tranquilizers, or over-the-counter drugs, such as antihistamines or cold medicines, in their blood than the other drivers. Other researchers examined the presence of drugs in blood specimens from 1,882 fatally injured drivers. Drugs, both illicit and prescription, were found in 18 percent of the fatalities. Marijuana was found in 6.7 percent, cocaine in 5.3 percent, tranquilizers in 2.9 percent, and amphetamines in 1.9 percent of these fatally injured drivers. Crash-responsibility rates increased significantly as the number of drugs in the driver increased. Many drug users used several drugs simultaneously, and these drivers had the highest collision rates.
Amphetamines can produce severe systemic effects, including cardiac irregularities and gastric disturbances. Chronic use often results in insomnia, hyperactivity, irritability, and aggressive behavior. Addiction can result in psychosis or death from overexhaustion or cardiac arrest. Amphetamine-induced psychosis often mimics schizophrenia, with paranoia and hallucinations.
Nazi leaders distributed millions of doses of methamphetamine in tablets called Pervitin to their infantry, sailors and airmen in World War II. It wasn't just the military that was amping up on the stuff -- Pervitin was sold to the German public beginning in 1938, and over-the-counter meth became quite popular. When supplies ran low on the war front, soldiers would write to their families requesting shipments of speed. In one four-month period in 1940, the German military was fed more than 35 million speed tablets. Though the pills were known to cause adverse health effects in some soldiers, it was also immediately realized that stimulants went a long way toward the Nazi dream of creating supersoldiers. As the war neared its conclusion, a request was sent from high command for a drug that would boost morale and fighting ability, and Germany's scientists responded with a pill called D-IX that contained equal parts cocaine and painkiller (5 mg of each), as well as Pervitin (3 mg). The pill was put into a testing stage, but the war ended before it reached the general military population.