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Idaho became a part of the United States on July 3, 1890. The state capital is Boise, ID with a population of 205,671 residents. The state itself is home to 1,567,582 as of the 2010 Idaho census. The states motto is Esto perpetua (It is forever). Idaho has chosen the syringa as their state flower, the white pine as their state tree and the mountain bluebird as the official state bird. Of the 1,567,582 people living in Idaho, 785,324 (50.1%) are Male; Female: 782,258 (49.9%). White: 1,396,487 (89.1%); Black: 9,810 (0.6%); American Indian: 21,441 (1.4%); Asian: 19,069 (1.2%); Other race: 79,523 (4.2%); Two or more races: 38,935 (2.5%); Hispanic/Latino: 175,901 (11.2%). 2010 population 18 and over: 1,138,510; 65 and over: 194,668 (12.4%); median age: 34.6.

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This week's topic is:

Idaho Drug Use Trends

Idaho is located in the northwestern region of the United States, and is the 7th least densely populated state in the nation. The capital of Idaho is Boise, which is also the state's largest city. Idaho borders the Canadian province of British Columbia, Montana, Wyoming, Nevada, Utah Washington and Oregon. The state is home to a large network of dams and locks, and the city of Lewiston in the state is the farthest inland seaport on the Pacific coast of the contiguous United States. The state of Idaho is faced with very specific substance abuse problems that all residents should be aware of so that early intervention is possible, and when needed quality drug treatment can be delivered to those who need it.

Drug & Alcohol Abuse

Surveys of residents and treatment admissions data in Idaho indicate that 35% of treatment admissions in the state are for amphetamines, which would primarily be methamphetamine which has been a serious problem for quite some time in the state. Marijuana and alcohol are the second most common substances among treatment admission, both at about 23%. Adults in the state have experienced a recent up flux in treatment admission for alcohol, marijuana, and methamphetamine which have increased between 52% -73% since 2005. Youth treatment admissions have increased 15% for alcohol and risen an alarming 36% for marijuana since 2005.


The rate of alcohol induced deaths in Idaho is 20% greater than the national average, and the West in general which includes Idaho experiences the highest rate of drug induced deaths than any other region in the US. As mentioned above, methamphetamine is a particular problem in the state, and there are very stark consequences being experienced among residents as a result. Sadly, 80% of the child placements in the state are directly related to drug abuse, with methamphetamine being the main culprit. Additionally, an estimated 63% of felony drug court participants In Idaho indicate that methamphetamine is their drug of choice, and 52% of Idaho inmates directly attribute methamphetamine use to their incarceration. This problem effects not just the drug users themselves, but all residents in the state, with $66 million being annually to house male inmates who admit to having a methamphetamine problem in Idaho.


Treatment solutions are available in Idaho for individuals of all ages and with any kind of addiction. Because methamphetamine addiction is a particular problem in Idaho, drug rehab programs in the state are accustomed to dealing with the physical and psychological toll that meth addiction can take and are up for the challenge when someone wants to really put in the effort to get their life back. These types of addictions that truly affect every aspect of one's life and require intensive treatment are best overcome in an environment which is completely drug and stress free, and equipped to address anything which can pop up in the course of addressing such a devastating addiction. While there are a number of different types of drug rehab in Idaho, long-term and inpatient drug rehab programs in the state are best suited to provide this ideal type of environment where a full recovery is much more likely as opposed to outpatient treatment or counseling and support groups for example. In such a program, professional treatment counselors will work diligently to look beyond the physical side of addiction and focus more on the causes of it and things which trigger the client's alcohol or drug use. Once resolved as part of effective addiction treatment, the individual will have a much better chance of staying off of drugs for good.

Population in Idaho:1,429,096
State Prison Population in Idaho:6,375
Probation Population in Idaho:44,580
Violent Crime Rate in Idaho:
National Ranking:41
2007 Federal Drug Seizures in Idaho:
Cocaine seizures in Idaho:0.6 kgs.
Heroin seizures in Idaho:0.0 kgs.
Methamphetamine seizures in Idaho:7.0 kgs.
Marijuana seizures in Idaho:1,323.5 kgs.
Hashish seizures in Idaho:0.0 kgs.
MDMA seizures in Idaho:0.0 kgs./192 du
Meth Lab Incidents in Idaho:11
(DEA, Idaho, and local city Law Enforcement)
Drug Situation in Idaho:
  • Mexican DTOs which traffic in methamphetamine, marijuana and cocaine are the greatest threat to the State of Idaho.
  • Methamphetamine HCL has been replaced in popularity by Crystal methamphetamine in Idaho.
  • The northern portion of the Idaho panhandle shares a border with Canada. In this area of Idaho, there have been seizures of BC Bud marijuana being smuggled from Canada to the United States.
  • Mexican nationals have made progress into the large scale outdoor production of marijuana on private, state, and federal lands in Idaho.
  • Cocaine has become more popular in Idaho, although crack cocaine is not considered a significant threat.
  • Club drugs are primarily a part of rave parties, with MDMA (aka Ecstasy) being the most available drug in Idaho.
  • DTOs in Idaho mainly smuggle bulk currency drug proceeds back to their Sources of Supply. The Idaho drug trafficking organizations also use other ways of money laundering to legitimize and reposition illicit profits.

    1 Over the past year, in the DEA Boise Area of Responsibility in Idaho, the price of cocaine HCL has diminished. Cocaine use in Idaho has also tripled during the same period. This is due to the heightened level of law enforcement activities by Mexican law enforcement authorities against precursor chemicals and methamphetamine production in that country.
  • Mexican DTOs are the main groups directing the importation and distribution of cocaine within Idaho.
  • Crack cocaine is encountered less frequently in Idaho and is not considered a major drug threat.
  • Cocaine which is available in Idaho is obtained by Mexican organizations from sources in Mexico, Arizona, California, and other Southwest Border states.

  • Mexican black tar is the main form of heroin available in Idaho, with brown heroin found sporadically.
  • Mexican DTOs are the primary groups importing and distributing heroin in Idaho.

  • Crystal Methamphetamine (ice) is a widely abused drug in Idaho, and continues to all levels of society.
  • Idaho has experienced a dramatic decrease in methamphetamine labs as Mexican organizations turn to methamphetamine produced in Mexico.
  • Over the past year, there has been a decrease in the quality and quantity of methamphetamine in Idaho. There has also been an increase in the price of methamphetamine in Idaho. This is the result of aggressive domestic law enforcement targeting and a crack down by Mexican law enforcement on the importation of precursor chemicals, and methamphetamine labs in that country.
  • There were 11 meth lab incidents in Idaho in 2007.

  • Club drugs, particularly MDMA (aka Ecstasy) continues to be popular among young adults, and is found particularly at raves in Idaho.
  • MDMA for sale in Idaho is believed to originate in Canada. It is then brought into the United States through the State of Washington.
  • Steroids are also available in Idaho, and are mainly purchased through the Internet.

  • Marijuana is one of the most highly abused drugs in Idaho.
  • Some of the marijuana in Idaho is produced in indoor grow operations.
  • Most of the marijuana in Idaho is produced on local properties, and state and federal forest lands. The large outdoor cultivation plots are largely controlled by Mexican nationals.
  • Marijuana which is smuggled from Mexico into Idaho is available, but is less desirable.
  • BC Bud marijuana from Canada is not as widely available for sale in Idaho. However, along the Idaho panhandle area which borders Canada, there have been seizures of BC Bud marijuana.

  • In Idaho, prescription drugs are heavily abused.
  • The main methods of diversion of legitimate pharmaceuticals in Idaho continue to be illegal dispensing and prescribing by physicians, prescription forgery, doctor shopping, and drug thefts from pharmacies and hospitals.
  • Pharmacy burglaries occur routinely throughout Idaho.
  • Diversion Investigators in Idaho are encountering pharmaceuticals that have been obtained via the Internet.
  • The abuse and trafficking of oxycodone (OxyContin, Percocet, Percodan), hydrocodone (Vicodin, Lortab), methadone, and anabolic steroids continues to be a concern in Idaho.

  • In 1995 a program was created known as the DEA Mobile Enforcement Teams, or "MET". This was in response to the overwhelming problem of drugs and drug-related crimes across the nation. The Seattle MET has assisted law enforcement agencies in the following Idaho cities: Nampa, Caldwell, and Lewiston.
  • In 2007 there were 143 drug violation arrests in Idaho, which is a dramatic increase from 2006 in which there were only 65. This statistic however has been steadily increasing in Idaho since 2003.

State Policy Offices : Idaho

  • Governor's Office Office of the Governor
    State Capitol Building
    West Wing, Second Floor
    Boise, ID 83720
    (208) 334-2100
  • State Legislative Contact Legislative Services
    State Capitol Building
    700 West Jefferson Street
    Boise, ID 83720
    (208) 334-2475

State Criminal Justice Offices : Idaho

  • Attorney General's Office Office of the Attorney General
    State Capitol Building, Room 210
    Boise, ID 83720
    (208) 334-2400
  • Law Enforcement Planning Department of Law Enforcement
    Police Services Division
    6087 Clinton Street
    Boise, ID 83704
    (208) 327-7102
  • Crime Prevention Office Idaho Crime Prevention Association
    7200 Barrister Drive
    Boise, ID 83704
    (208) 377-6622
  • Statistical Analysis Center Idaho Department of Law Enforcement
    Support Services Bureau
    P.O. Box 700
    Meridian, ID 83680
    (208) 884-7044
  • Uniform Crime Reports Contact Uniform Crime Reports
    Idaho Department of Law Enforcement
    Bureau of Criminal Identification Bureau
    6064 Clinton Street
    Boise, ID 83704
    (208) 327-7130
  • BJA Strategy Preparation Agency Idaho Department of Law Enforcement
    Bureau of Criminal Identification
    6064 Clinton Street
    Boise, ID 83704
    (208) 327-7130
  • Judicial Agency Administrative Director of the Courts
    Supreme Court
    Supreme Court Building
    451 West State Street
    Boise, ID 83720
    (208) 334-2246
  • Corrections Agency Department of Corrections
    State Office Building
    700 West State Street
    Statehouse Mail
    Boise, ID 83720
    (208) 334-2318

State Health Offices : Idaho

  • RADAR Network Agency Idaho RADAR Network Center
    Boise State University
    1910 University Drive
    Boise, ID 83725
    (208) 385-3471
  • STD/HIV Program Department of Health and Welfare
    Bureau of Communicable Disease Prevention
    450 West State Street, Fourth Floor
    Boise, ID 83720
    (208) 334-6526
  • Drug and Alcohol Agency Substance Abuse Program
    Division of Family and Children's Services
    Towers Building, Third Floor
    450 West State Street
    Boise, ID 83720
    (208) 334-5935

State Education Office : Idaho

  • State Coordinator for Drug-Free Schools Drug Education Consultant
    Idaho Department of Education
    Len B. Jordan Building
    Boise, ID 83720
    (208) 334-2165

Idaho: Substance Abuse Trends & Statistics

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Idaho: Substance Abuse Resources

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