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What is Morphine?
A) Morphine is a narcotic analgesic. Morphine was first
isolated from opium in 1805 by a German pharmacist, Wilhelm
Sertürner. Sertürner described it as the Principium
Somniferum. He named it morphium - after Morpheus, the
Greek god of dreams. Today morphine is isolated from opium
in substantially larger quantities - over 1000 tons per
year - although most commercial opium is converted into
codeine by methylation. On the illicit market, opium gum
is filtered into morphine base and then synthesized into
How is Morphine used?
Morphinecan be taken orally in tablet form, and can also injected
subcutaneously, intramuscularly, or intravenously; the last
is the route preferred by those who are dependent on morphine.
What are the side effects of Morphine?
What are the symptoms of Overdose?
What is Morphine addiction?
Morphine is highly addictive. Tolerance (the need for higher
and higher doses to maintain the same effect) and physical and
psychological dependence develop quickly. Withdrawal from morphine
causes nausea, tearing, yawning, chills, and sweating lasting
up to three days. Morphine crosses the placental barrier, and
babies born to morphine-using mothers go through withdrawal.
drugs activate the brains reward systems. The promise
of reward is very intense, causing the individual to crave the
drug and to focus his or her activities around taking the drug.
The ability of addictive drugs to strongly activate brain reward
mechanisms and their ability to chemically alter the normal
functioning of these systems can produce an addiction. Drugs
also reduce a persons level of consciousness, harming
the ability to think or be fully aware of present surroundings.
What are possible drug interactions when using Morphine?
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