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Article Summary

Oxycodone Physiological Effects

Introduction: Oxycodone

Oxycodone is one of the most common narcotic pain relievers after morphine. Oxycodone is commonly used to treat both mild and severe pain. It is important to note that Oxycodone is a habit forming drug. The drug should therefore be taken with a prescription. The drug should also be keep away from children and individuals with a history of drug abuse or addiction. It is also important to note that the drug is highly reactive when taken with alongside alcohol. Oxycodone produces very serious life threatening side effects. In fact using the drug alongside alcohol can cause death. Patients are therefore advised to check all food labels properly to confirm that all foods and drinks taken are alcohol free.

Oxycodone must be taken exactly as prescribed i.e. never increase your dosage without the doctor's recommendation. You must also follow to the letter all directions on the prescription label. This is important in order to avoid serious side effects. In case the effects of Oxycodone stop being felt i.e. you develop tolerance for the drug, you should immediately inform your doctor instead of increasing your dosage. Also, it is important to note that the drug can impair your judgement, reactions or thinking. You should therefore avoid operating any machinery or driving while under medication. It is also important to know that Oxycodone has very unpleasant withdrawal symptoms. You must therefore avoid stopping usage of the drug suddenly.

Oxycodone-Physiological effects

It is important to note that Oxycodone has many side effects some of them discussed briefly above. This article will however focus on Oxycodone-Physiological effects. It is important to note that Oxycodone is an opioid analgesic which means that it directly acts on the (CNS) central nervous system. Oxycodone stimulates opioid receptors located in the brain.

The drugs action therefore affects the way pain is perceived. This in turn affects how users normally respond to pain i.e. their emotional response. Oxycodone is usually absorbed by organs such as; the liver, skeletal muscles, spleen, intestinal tract, lungs, and (CNS) central nervous system. Oxycodone is broken down by the liver and then later eliminated from the body through the kidneys into urine.

Oxycodone therefore has numerous physiological effects. Some of the CNS (central nervous system) effects include; pain relief, slowed breathing and euphoria. Oxycodone also causes a decrease in the activities of digestive tract i.e. intestinal tract. This effect usually caused constipation. To avoid suffering from this side effect, patients are advised to drink plenty of water and eat adequate amounts of dietary fibre to avoid constipation.

Other physiological side Oxycodone side effects include: dizziness, nausea, vomiting, weakness, itchy skin and headache. It is important to note that Oxycodone shouldn't be given to individuals suffering from breathing problems i.e. asthma, chronic lung disease, emphysema. The drug should also be avoided by patients suffering from blockages or intestinal abnormalities to avoid severe physiological side effects.

Harmful physiological side effects

Oxycodone causes harmful side effects in cases where patients taking higher doses than recommended. Examples of harmful physiological side effects of Oxycodone include; coma, convulsions or even death in worst case scenarios.

It is important to note that Oxycodone shouldn't be taken by pregnant women. This is because there is no information on the exact effects the drug can have on an unborn child. Caution is therefore advised for pregnant women and nursing women because the drug is also capable to passing through breast milk causing withdrawal effects, addiction and breathing problems for infants who are nursing.

Oxycodone should also be avoided by individuals with head injuries or abnormal increased pressure inside the brain. Individuals suffering from seizures or convulsions should also avoid the drug because it causes serious physiological effects.

Individuals with the medical conditions; kidney disease, colitis, liver disease, underactive thyroid or hypothyroidism, gallstones or gallbladder disease, enlarged prostate and Addison's disease should also avoid Oxycodone to avoid some of the harmful physiological Oxycodone side effects mentioned above.

Long-term physiological side effects

The most common long-term physiological side effect of using Oxycodone for a long time is addiction. Oxycodone is very addictive when consumed in high doses. You must stick to the doctor's dosage requirements to avoid addiction. For this reason, individuals with a history of addiction or drug abuse shouldn't take the drug.

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