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Article Summary

Study Reveals Industries with Highest Rates of Alcohol-Related Problems

A new analysis of government data, released on Tuesday,?finds that 15 percent of employees in the hospitality industry suffer from serious alcohol-related problems. Excessive alcohol use costs U.S. employers billions in lost productivity and additional health care costs every year. According to a new report by?Ensuring Solutions to Alcohol Problems at The George Washington University Medical Center, "Workplace Screening & Brief Intervention:What Employers Can and Should Do About Excessive Alcohol Use", alcohol-related problems are disproportionately represented in American business, with employees in the hospitality, construction, and wholesale industries significantly more likely to be dependent on or abuse alcohol. (See chart)

Prevalence of Alcohol Problems by Industry Sector (Percentage)

Industry Sector

Male

Female

Overall Prevalence

Leisure, Hospitality, Arts

17.4

12.6

15.0

Construction and Mining

15.2

10.0

14.7

Wholesale Trade

14.6

5.3

11.9

Professional

13.3

7.1

10.6

Retail Trade

13.4

6.2

9.7

Finance & Real Estate

11.2

7.6

9.2

Manufacturing

9.5

6.5

8.6

Transportation & Utilities

9.1

4.8

8.2

Information & Communication

12.7

4.8

8.1

Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing, and Hunting

8.7

1.9

7.2

Other Services

8.9

3.8

6.4

Education, Health & Social Services

9.4

4.3

5.4

Public Administration

6.4

4.1

5.3

Alcohol Abuse and Employers

?Alcohol problems affect all employers, with an average of nine percent of U.S. workers drinking in ways that contribute to absenteeism, higher healthcare costs and lost productivity. But, Ensuring Solutions researchers found that men working in the hospitality and construction industries are approximately 50 percent more likely to have an alcohol-related problem than women in the same industry. In some industries ? wholesale, retail, communication, agriculture ? men are two to three times more likely to have an alcohol problem. In addition, more than 18 percent of young workers between the ages of 18 and 25 have an alcohol-related problem, compared to just seven percent of workers 26 and older.

"Most employees represented in these numbers are not dependent on alcohol," said Eric Goplerud, PhD, director of Ensuring Solutions to Alcohol Problems and lead researcher. "But they do use alcohol in ways that lead to short-term safety problems and long-term health consequences."

To develop a better understanding of the impact of alcohol problems in the workplace, Ensuring Solutions to Alcohol Problems, an initiative sponsored by The Pew Charitable Trusts, conducted an extensive analysis of two large government-sponsored epidemiological surveys, the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) and the National Comorbidity Survey. This analysis estimates the workplace impact of alcohol problems—categorized as alcohol dependence (alcoholism) and alcohol abuse —on 13 sectors of U.S. industry.

"The impact of alcohol problems in the workplace is a tremendous hidden challenge—in part because very few people with an alcohol problem are ever identified," said Andrew Webber, president and CEO of the National Business Coalition on Health. "In the past, employers have led the way to doing more for people with chronic diseases like diabetes and heart disease. It's time for American industry to do the same for people with alcohol problems."

The results of the Ensuring Solutions analysis have been used to develop a Web-based calculator that employers can use to estimate the impact of alcohol problems and the potential cost savings to be gained through workplace screening and brief intervention. The calculator is available at www.alcoholcostcalculator.org.

In addition to analyzing the scope of workplace alcohol problems, the report promotes the adoption of a practice known as Screening and Brief Intervention (SBI). SBI has been shown to reduce excessive alcohol use when administered to patients in a variety of settings, including hospitals and universities. Ensuring Solutions believes that if SBI were to become a widespread practice in primary care, workplace wellness programs and employee assistance, the prevalence of workplace alcohol problems would be significantly reduced.

"Alcohol problems affect every workplace, with some industries paying a tremendous price." said Dr. Goplerud. "It's in the interest of every employer to do something. Screening and brief intervention is a proven approach that promises to effectively reduce workplace alcohol problems."

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