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Article Summary

Drug detoxification, effects and treament

Drug use is a dangerous habit that ruins the life of not only drug takers but their loved ones too. Drugs severely harm the body and results in its malfunction and in some cases, may lead to total failure of some vital body organs, particularly the kidneys and liver. This effect is not only observed in drug takers but in drinkers too and may sometimes be life-threatening and in certain cases even fatal. To stop the damaging effects of drugs to the body, one must undergo detox. Drug detox, also referred to as drug detoxification, is a procedure of gradually reducing and completely eliminating the use of drugs in the body. Before getting treated for addiction, it is vital to undergo a drug detoxification process to completely remove any drug residue in the body. It may be challenging to attain full recovery from drug addiction, if any residue remains in the body, since it may trigger cravings for the drug.

Drugs are actually taken by people to overcome the effects and treat medical problems. If it's used for the wrong purpose, then it acts a serious threat to a person's life.

Drug detox emphasizes on abstaining from drug consumption whenever possible, changing the diet of the patient and use of medications. Drug detox may be a bit tedious as the patient may undergo psychological and physical trauma with regards to total withdrawal from drugs.

Symptoms of detoxification

The severity of detoxification symptoms may vary from mild to severe as well as from one person to another. The mild symptoms often develop during the early stages of the detox process while the severe ones are observed within 2 days to a week of abstaining from drugs. The symptoms include:

Mild symptoms

  • Nausea induced vomiting
  • Irritability and bad temper
  • Headache, which can vary from mild to severe
  • Loss of appetite
  • Excessive sweating, observed particularly on the hand palms
  • Feeling of shakiness and nervousness
  • Deprivation of sleep or insomnia

Moderate symptoms

  • Increased heart rate
  • Getting nightmares
  • Sudden changes in moods and depression
  • Trembling of limbs
  • Twitching of eyelids
  • Dilated pupils
  • Pale and sweaty skin
  • Fatigue

Severe symptoms

  • Inability to think constructively
  • Convulsions or seizures
  • Blackouts and fainting spells
  • Hallucinations
  • Fever
  • Sudden emotional changes triggered by anxiety

Extreme irritability may happen due to lack of the lack of the drug that the person's body has become used to. Some users may experience extreme cravings and are known to steal and commit crimes in order to get another drug dose. Some may even try to commit suicide, unable to tolerate the mental stress.

Increased body pain and sweating are common with these people secondary to irritability and mental strain. Diarrhea can also accompany lethargy and a general weakened body status.

Some victims can get dizzy and be subjected to hallucinations (false perceptions, where one sees faces and hears voices not related to actual life). Some people may be extremely depressed as their dose of euphoria is missing or be extremely agitated and get violent. Sleeping problems are also common for them.

Treating Drug Withdrawal

Drug withdrawal symptoms can tire one emotionally and physically. To stop the consumption of drugs fully, it is essential to undergo treatment offered by Drug detox centers. There are also several home detox remedies such as drinking a lot of water and vegetable or fruit juices to keep the body hydrated and enhance cell functions, engaging in yoga and practicing meditation among others. Vegetable juices such as carrot and beet-root juice help cleanse the liver and strengthen the immune system.

On the other hand, there are also several herbs and supplements used to reduce stress caused by the withdrawal symptoms. For severe drug withdrawal symptoms, some medications are used for treatment such as benzodiazepines. This treatment method is referred to as medical detox or pharmacological detoxification. Drug detox centers also use medications like diazepam and chlordiapexide to treat heavy drinkers. Drug withdrawal is a very challenging process for an individual, both psychologically and physically, as the body reacts to the abrupt decrease of the drug in the person's system. Dedication and patience, as well as the support of family as well as professionals, is the key factor to accomplish this process.

When drug addiction occurs, prompt care should take place as soon as possible to detoxify the drug from the body using pharmaceutical interventions or by psychological and rehabilitative techniques.

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