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Article Summary

Cocaine Facts

  • Cocaine facts show that the chances are pretty good that cocaine can be found in your purse or wallet. Cocaine users roll dollar bills (or any other denomination of currency they have) to create a cylindrical tube known as a tooter in order to snort the drug. The cocaine then remains on the money because it binds closely to the ink in our United States paper currency. FBI chemists have discovered that traces of cocaine can be found on almost every dollar bill in the United States. Hence most Americans handle cocaine every day of their lives.

  • Cocaine is a $35 billion illicit industry now exceeding Columbia's #1 export, coffee.

  • There are two basic chemical forms of cocaine: the hydrochloride salt and "freebase." The hydrochloride salt form of the drug is typically snorted and the freebase form is smoked.

  • Cocaine facts note that street names for this drug include: blow, 'caine, coke, cola, freeze, snow (powder), base, rock (crack), blizzard, sleet, white lady, nose candy, soda, snow cone, blanco, cubes.

  • Cocaine is a stimulant and an anesthetic. It speeds up the nervous system and numbs whatever human tissue it touches.

  • Cocaine raises body temperature, heart rate, and blood pressure. Even one use causes heart palpitations or cardiac arrest.

  • Cocaine acts as a stimulant to the central nervous system and is psychologically addictive. Current cocaine facts research also indicates a possible physical addiction to cocaine as well.

  • Cocaine addicts lose interest in their family, sex, jobs, and just about everything else except using more cocaine.

  • Cocaine gives the user a tremendous "rush." These chemicals trick the brain into feeling like it has experienced some type of pleasurable activity.

  • Cocaine facts show the effects of cocaine generally occur in about 15-20 minutes and disappear in about I hour. The immediate effects are what make cocaine so addicting. The user is willing to endure the lows in order to experience the highs.
  • Cocaine's Immediate Effect

  • The duration of cocaine's immediate euphoric effects, which include hyper-stimulation, reduced fatigue, and mental clarity, depends on the route of administration. The faster the absorption, the more intense the high. On the other hand, the faster the absorption, the shorter the duration of action. The high from snorting cocaine typically lasts 15 to 30 minutes, while the high from smoking cocaine may last 5 to 10 minutes.

  • An overdose of cocaine may produce tremors, convulsions, and delirium. Death may occur due to arrhythmias and cardiovascular failure.

  • Cocaine facts notes that up to 75% of people who try cocaine will become addicted to it. Only one out of four people who try to quit will be able to without help.

  • Each day 5,000 more people will experiment with cocaine.
  • Cocaine in the Workplace

  • 1 in 10 workers say they know someone who uses cocaine on the job.

  • Single adults 18 to 25 years old have a higher rate of current cocaine use than those in any other age group; with male users outnumbering female users two to one.

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