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Article Summary

About Dilaudid

Dilaudid (hydromorphone) is a narcotic analgesic which is reported to be a derivative of morphine and has been classified as an opioid; this potent pain medication is commonly used by physicians for the treatment of moderate to severe pain. Doctors will often prescribe Dilaudid to individuals who have experienced severe pain in relation to serious burns, gallstones, injuries to the soft tissues or to bones, kidney stones, or who have undergone various different types of surgery. Dilaudid is also sometimes prescribed as syrup, to be used as a suppressant for the painful dry coughing that is commonly associated with bronchial irritation.

The effectiveness of Dilaudid is attributed to the way that the drug works to inhibit pain in areas of the central nervous system, thus, altering the patient's perception of their pain. Dilaudid is currently available by prescription only, in the form of tablets, oral solutions, rectal suppositories, and via injectable formulations. When a person takes Dilaudid, they can often begin to feel the effect of the drug in as little as 10 minutes, and these effects could lasts for up to 8 hours; additionally, this potent medication has been reported to be over seven times more potent than morphine. Dilaudid has been given many different street names, which may include but are not limited to: hospital heroin, white triangle, moose, dilly, Hydro, peaches shake, and drug store heroin.

Dilaudid Side Effects

The side effects of Dilaudid have been reported to vary from person to person, depending on the size of the individual, the dose that they have been taking, and how long that the person has been using the morphine based pain killer. The most common side effects that are related to Dilaudid use may include, but may not be limited to: nausea that is accompanied by vomiting, slowed breathing, restlessness, feeling sluggish, extreme mood changes, mental clouding, inability to urinate, anxiety, fear, constipation, dizziness, and sedation. The side effects that are less common to Dilaudid may include, but are not limited to: loss of coordination, altered tastes, profuse sweating, small pupils, dizziness upon standing, skin rashes, palpitations, changes in blood pressure, dry mouth, blurred or double vision, feeling disoriented, diarrhea, severe stomach cramps, shivering, extreme depression, slowed heartbeat, flushing, light-headedness, slowed breathing, rigid muscles, tremors, numbness and tingling in extremities, spasms in air passages in the throat, weakness, fainting and shock.

Dilaudid should not be combined with alcohol, nighttime sleep aids, or sedatives; the reason for this is because these types of medications can also depress the central nervous system. The rarer, but more serious side effects of Dilaudid can include but are not limited to: tachycardia and potentially fatal seizures.

Dilaudid Addiction

Dilaudid is sought out by street addicts, and the potent opioid is commonly being abused on the illicit market; this is generally accomplished by addicts via doctor shopping and through obtaining fraudulent prescriptions for the drug. The addiction potential of Dilaudid is similar to morphine, which has been reported to be highly addictive; it is also important to note, that a person who has used Dilaudid for as little as several days, could become dependent on this opioid. The euphoric effects of this potent pain medication become much harder to achieve as a Dilaudid user begins to build a tolerance to the drug.

Dilaudid Withdrawal Symptoms

The symptoms that are commonly associated with the withdrawal of Dilaudid can include, but may not be limited to: anxiety, sweating, chills, constant sneezing, diarrhea, stomach spasms, weakness in extremities, insomnia, muscle spasms, goose bumps, kicking movements, severe pain in the legs and low back, hot and cold flashes, intestinal discomfort, leg cramps, shivering, and an increase in blood pressure, body temperature and heart rate. Dilaudid withdrawal symptoms can begin in as little as several hours after the last dose of the drug has been taken, and will generally last no longer than two weeks. Because many of the drug withdrawal symptoms that are related to the Dilaudid detoxification process can be painful and debilitating, a person should reach out for the professional assistance that is offered by detox specialists at a quality drug rehab center.

Dilaudid Overdose Symptoms

A Dilaudid overdose can occur when a person takes a higher dose of the morphine-based drug than the body can handle; unfortunately, individuals who take this potent prescription pain medication are always flirting with this potential risk, as the difference that lies between abusing this drug to get high and serious physical problems or death is reported to be often be minimal. Many Dilaudid overdoses in the United States are reported to be contributed to users who purchase the drug illegally on the street, without any specific instructions in relation to how much of the drug that they should take or a written list of adverse drug interactions. The signs of a Dilaudid overdose can include, but may not be limited to: weak pulse rate, stomach spasms, muscle rigidity, low blood pressure, hypertension, extreme drowsiness, clammy skin, circulatory problems, bluish lips and fingernails, stupor, respiratory depression, coma, and death.

Emergency assistance should be immediately summoned upon the slightest hint of a Dilaudid overdose, as this condition could result in death. If an overdose of Dilaudid is treated within several hours of ingesting the potent morphine-based medication, the treatment could consist of immediately administering a drug antidote, in order to counteract the effects of Dilaudid. Because many of the antidotes to Dilaudid have reportedly caused severe withdrawal symptoms in long-term users of the drug, these individuals may be given much smaller doses of this counteracting drug.

Early medical treatment, particularly in the case of a Dilaudid overdose, could potentially be the difference between the person living or dying; additionally, the sooner the person is treated, the greater the possibility of limiting the severe long-term effects that could potentially occur from a Dilaudid overdose.

Dilaudid Treatment

Although a Dilaudid addiction may not be an easy problem to overcome, it will be much easier with the support of trained drug treatment specialists; locating a quality drug rehab center that has a proven track record in treating individuals with this type of a substance abuse problem, could be the first step on the road to long term drug recovery from Dilaudid addiction.

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