Commonly Asked Questions about Addiction and Treatment
What percentages of interventions for drug and alcohol addiction are successful?
Quantifying the exact success rate of interventions for drug and alcohol addiction can be challenging due to the complex nature of addiction, variability in intervention methods and follow-up, and differences in how "success" is defined. However, studies suggest that interventions can indeed be effective in encouraging individuals to seek help for their substance use disorders.
It's important to note that the term "intervention" covers a wide range of strategies aimed at encouraging individuals to seek treatment. These can include formal interventions organized by a professional interventionist, interventions conducted by family and friends, or interventions carried out by healthcare providers.
The success of an intervention can depend on numerous factors, including:
The specific nature of the person's addiction: The type of substance used, the severity of the addiction, and the presence of co-occurring mental health disorders can all influence the effectiveness of an intervention.
The type of intervention used: Some types of interventions may be more effective than others, depending on the individual and their specific circumstances.
The involvement of a professional: Interventions led by professionals who have experience dealing with addiction can potentially have higher success rates because they have the skills and knowledge to manage complex dynamics that can arise.
The readiness of the individual: An intervention may be more successful if the person is already contemplating change or recognizes they have a problem.
While it's difficult to provide a specific success rate, it's important to understand that even if an intervention doesn't immediately result in the person seeking treatment, it can still plant a seed that leads to future change. It can increase the person's awareness of their problem and their impact on others, which can prompt them to consider treatment at a later date.
Remember, it's crucial to approach interventions with empathy, respect, and understanding, as addiction is a complex disease that often requires ongoing support and care. If you're considering an intervention, it may be helpful to consult with a healthcare provider or an addiction professional to determine the best approach.
What is smart recovery?
SMART Recovery (Self-Management and Recovery Training) is a global community of mutual-support groups that provide a structured, scientifically grounded program to help people manage their recovery from any type of addictive behavior, including substance abuse and behavioral addictions.
SMART Recovery's approach is different from other recovery programs like Alcoholics Anonymous or Narcotics Anonymous, which are based on the 12-step model. Instead of focusing on the concept of "powerlessness" over addiction, SMART Recovery emphasizes self-empowerment and self-reliance. It promotes the ability of individuals to change their own thoughts and behaviors to overcome addiction.
The SMART Recovery program is based on principles of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and motivational interviewing. It is designed around a 4-point program:
- Building and maintaining motivation: This helps individuals to build their motivation to change and avoid relapsing.
- Coping with urges: This gives individuals the skills to deal with urges or cravings as they arise.
- Managing thoughts, feelings, and behaviors: This is about developing healthy thoughts, emotions, and actions in place of the destructive ones that can lead to addictive behaviors.
- Living a balanced life: This involves individuals identifying what they truly value in life and building their lives around those values, leading to satisfaction and fulfillment beyond their addiction.
SMART Recovery meetings, both in-person and online, are facilitated by trained volunteers and are free to attend, though donations are appreciated. The program also offers a variety of tools and techniques for self-empowerment and self-directed change, available in various formats such as handbooks, worksheets, and online resources.
What does fentanyl do to a person?
Fentanyl is a synthetic opioid pain reliever that is 50 to 100 times more potent than morphine. It's typically used to treat severe pain, especially after surgery, or to manage pain in individuals with chronic illnesses who have developed a tolerance to other opioids.
When used under medical supervision, fentanyl can effectively relieve pain. However, when used illicitly or without a prescription, it can have severe, and even fatal, effects. Here's what fentanyl can do to a person:
Physical Effects: In the short term, fentanyl can induce feelings of relaxation, euphoria, and decreased perception of pain. However, it also slows breathing and can lead to unconsciousness or death from respiratory failure, particularly in high doses or when combined with other substances that depress the central nervous system.
Dependency and Addiction: Fentanyl is highly addictive. Regular use can lead to physical dependence, where the body requires the drug to function normally, and psychological addiction, where a person feels a compulsive need to use the drug despite its harmful consequences.
Overdose Risk: Due to its potency, the risk of overdose with fentanyl is high, especially if a person mistakenly believes they're taking a less potent opioid, as illicit fentanyl is often mixed with other drugs. Overdose can lead to severe respiratory depression, unconsciousness, and death.
Withdrawal: Once a person becomes dependent on fentanyl, stopping its use can result in withdrawal symptoms. These can include muscle and bone pain, sleep problems, diarrhea, vomiting, cold flashes, and uncontrollable leg movements.
Long-Term Health Effects: Chronic fentanyl use can lead to an array of health problems, including severe constipation, increased sensitivity to pain, confusion, depression, and increased risk of infections due to needle sharing (if injected).
Due to its potency and high risk of overdose, non-medical use of fentanyl is extremely dangerous. If you or someone you know is struggling with fentanyl or other opioid use, it's crucial to seek professional help immediately.