Commonly Asked Questions about Addiction and Treatment
What you should do and how to cope if you are living with an addict?
Living with an individual struggling with addiction can be challenging and emotionally taxing. It's essential to find effective strategies to cope with this situation, protect your own well-being, and potentially influence your loved one towards recovery. Here are some strategies:
- Educate Yourself: Understand that addiction is a disease, not a choice or moral failing. Learn about the specifics of the addiction, its effects, and treatment options. This knowledge can help you better empathize with your loved one and give you an idea of what they're facing.
- Set Boundaries: Establish boundaries that protect your mental, emotional, and physical health. This could involve rules around drug use in the house, or not covering for the addict's responsibilities. Be firm in maintaining these boundaries.
- Avoid Enabling: While it can be difficult to watch a loved one suffer, avoid actions that enable their addiction, such as providing money that may be used on drugs or alcohol, or making excuses for their behavior.
- Communicate Openly and Honestly: Express your concerns without blame or judgment. Use "I" statements to express how their behavior affects you and others in the house.
- Encourage and Support Treatment: Encourage them to seek professional help. Show support for their efforts to engage in treatment and maintain recovery.
- Take Care of Yourself: It's crucial to look after your own health too. Make time for activities you enjoy, maintain a healthy lifestyle, and seek support when needed. You cannot pour from an empty cup, so ensure you're well-equipped mentally and physically to cope with the situation.
- Seek Support: Consider joining a support group for families and friends of individuals with addiction, such as Al-Anon or Nar-Anon. These groups can provide a community of people who understand your experiences and can provide advice, support, and a safe space to share your feelings.
- Consider Professional Guidance: If the situation becomes unmanageable or you're unsure how to proceed, seek help from a counselor or therapist familiar with addiction. In extreme cases, a professional intervention may be necessary.
When do you walk away from a loved one that is a drug addict?
Deciding to distance yourself from a loved one who is struggling with addiction is a deeply personal and difficult decision. There's no universal right or wrong answer, as it depends on the individual circumstances, the severity of the addiction, the impact on your wellbeing, and other factors. However, there are a few circumstances where walking away might be the appropriate course of action:
- Self-preservation: If the relationship with the loved one is causing significant harm to your mental, emotional, or physical health, it may be necessary to establish boundaries or distance yourself for your own wellbeing. Remember, you can't effectively support others if you're not taking care of yourself.
- Enabling Behavior: If your actions are enabling the individual's substance abuse rather than supporting their recovery, creating distance might be beneficial. Enabling can include covering up for their substance use, providing financial support for their habit, or repeatedly rescuing them from the consequences of their behavior.
- Lack of Respect for Boundaries: If your loved one consistently ignores or disrespects boundaries that you have established, it might be time to consider distancing yourself.
- Abuse or Violence: If your loved one becomes abusive or violent under the influence of drugs, prioritizing your safety is crucial. In such instances, it's critical to seek help from local authorities or a domestic violence hotline.
- Unwillingness to Seek Help: If your loved one consistently refuses to seek help, denies they have a problem, or repeatedly relapses without making an effort towards recovery, it might be necessary to consider distancing yourself.
How long do drug withdrawal symptoms last?
The duration of drug withdrawal symptoms can vary widely depending on several factors, including the type of substance used, the duration of use, the degree of dependence, individual metabolism and health status, and whether one quits cold turkey or with medical assistance.
Generally, withdrawal symptoms can be divided into acute and post-acute phases:
Acute Withdrawal: This is the initial phase of withdrawal, where physical symptoms are typically the most severe. Depending on the substance, acute withdrawal symptoms can begin within a few hours to a few days after the last use and can last anywhere from a few days to a few weeks. For example, alcohol withdrawal symptoms often start within 8 hours of the last drink and can last up to a few days or weeks, while opioid withdrawal symptoms usually start within 12-30 hours of the last dose and can last approximately a week.
Post-Acute Withdrawal Syndrome (PAWS): Some individuals may experience a second phase of withdrawal known as Post-Acute Withdrawal Syndrome. PAWS refers to a group of symptoms that occur after the acute withdrawal phase, predominantly psychological, such as anxiety, irritability, mood swings, depression, and sleep disturbances. PAWS can last from a few weeks to a year or more after the cessation of substance use.
It's important to remember that withdrawal can be dangerous and even life-threatening in some cases, especially when it comes to substances like alcohol and benzodiazepines. Therefore, withdrawal should always be done under medical supervision. The support and treatment offered by medical professionals during detoxification can also help to mitigate withdrawal symptoms and make the process safer and more comfortable.