Impaired Driving BAC Levels in Arkansas
In the state of Arkansas laws call for drivers alleged of driving under the influence to allow breath, blood, or urine testing for alcohol content are known as "implied consent laws." Rejection carries penalties that can include compulsory suspension of a driving license for up to a year.
In Arkansas, any driver with a blood-alcohol concentration (BAC) above .08 percent is measured “per se intoxicated” under the law. Under this statute, this evidence is all that is required for a driver to be convicted of Driving Under the Influence (DUI) or Driving While Intoxicated (DWI). Arkansas has a zero tolerance law for people less than 21 years of age. Persons under the age of 21 operating a motor vehicle with a .02 percent blood-alcohol level or over are subject to DUI penalties.
Some people experience administrative license suspension/revocation penalties. These penalties are minimum mandatory penalties compulsory on drivers with a blood-alcohol concentration above Arkansas’s maximum acceptable level of .08 percent or drivers subject to the implied consent laws for declining to submit to breath, blood, or urine testing for blood-alcohol content. Penalties involve suspension or revocation (meaning temporary or permanent removal) of the driver’s license by the DMV (Department of Motor Vehicles). In Arkansas, for the first DUI offense the mandatory suspension is 90 days; for the second offense, one year; for the third offense, three years.
A person who has a DUI or DWI in Arkansas may have to participate in mandatory alcohol education and assessment/treatment. Alcohol tutoring and prevention program, treatment for alcohol abuse, and appraisal of a person for possible alcohol or drug craving can be required for DUI offenders in Arkansas. These steps are often optional instead of serving a sentence of incarceration or paying fines.
Drug Problems Arkansas
In 2007-2008, Arkansas was one of the top ten states for rates in several drug-use categories: past-year non-medical use of prescription pain relievers among persons age 12 or older; past-year non-medical use of pain relievers among young adults age 18-25; past-month use of illicit drugs other than marijuana among persons age 12 or older; and past-month use of illicit drugs other than marijuana among young adults age 18-25.
The number of meth lab seizure incidents in the state of Arkansas increased 47%, from 321 incidents in 2007 to 473 incidents in 2009. Approximately 8 percent of Arkansas residents reported past-month use of illicit drugs; the national average was 8 percent. The drug-induced death rate in Arkansas is lower than the national average. 2010 data shows that marijuana, followed by stimulants (including methamphetamine) is the most commonly cited drug among primary drug treatment admissions in the state.
Drug Rehab and Treatment Facts Arkansas
In 2008, 71.7% of those in addiction treatment located in State were male.
28.3% of the individuals in drug addiction treatment residing in State during 2008 were female.
The largest age group admitted into to drug rehab during 2008 in State was between the ages of 21-25 (15.8%).
The second largest age group attending drug rehabilitation in State during 2008 were between the ages of 26-30 (15.2%).
73.3% of the individuals in drug treatment located in State during 2008 were Caucasian.
A fact about alcohol and pregnancy. Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is one of the most common known causes of infant mental retardation, and is the only cause of this deformity that is preventable. Babies with classic FAS are born abnormally small and typically do not manifest normal growth as they get older. Babies with FAS may be born with small eyes, small flat cheeks, or a short or upturned nose. Moreover, the organs, especially the heart, of the babies with FAS may not develop properly.
Driving and Drugs: The role of alcohol in traffic and other injuries is well documented, but determining the effects of other drugs, both legal and illegal, on driving is more difficult. This is true for three reasons: (1) Few drivers who are not involved in crashes volunteer to provide blood samples so their drug levels can be compared with drug levels in blood samples obtained from collision victims; (2) It is very difficult to determine how drug levels in the blood are related to the drug's actions in the brain, and it is those actions in the brain that cause impaired behavior; and (3) It can be difficult to determine how the interactions of various combinations of drugs, with or without alcohol, may contribute to impairment. One study was designed to get around the first problem. Researchers studied only drivers who had been in crashes. They divided the drivers into two groups—those who were responsible for the crash and those who were not—and studied blood samples from each. The drivers who caused crashes had higher levels of prescription drugs, such as antidepressants and tranquilizers, or over-the-counter drugs, such as antihistamines or cold medicines, in their blood than the other drivers. Other researchers examined the presence of drugs in blood specimens from 1,882 fatally injured drivers. Drugs, both illicit and prescription, were found in 18 percent of the fatalities. Marijuana was found in 6.7 percent, cocaine in 5.3 percent, tranquilizers in 2.9 percent, and amphetamines in 1.9 percent of these fatally injured drivers. Crash-responsibility rates increased significantly as the number of drugs in the driver increased. Many drug users used several drugs simultaneously, and these drivers had the highest collision rates.
Amphetamines can produce severe systemic effects, including cardiac irregularities and gastric disturbances. Chronic use often results in insomnia, hyperactivity, irritability, and aggressive behavior. Addiction can result in psychosis or death from overexhaustion or cardiac arrest. Amphetamine-induced psychosis often mimics schizophrenia, with paranoia and hallucinations.
Nazi leaders distributed millions of doses of methamphetamine in tablets called Pervitin to their infantry, sailors and airmen in World War II. It wasn't just the military that was amping up on the stuff -- Pervitin was sold to the German public beginning in 1938, and over-the-counter meth became quite popular. When supplies ran low on the war front, soldiers would write to their families requesting shipments of speed. In one four-month period in 1940, the German military was fed more than 35 million speed tablets. Though the pills were known to cause adverse health effects in some soldiers, it was also immediately realized that stimulants went a long way toward the Nazi dream of creating supersoldiers. As the war neared its conclusion, a request was sent from high command for a drug that would boost morale and fighting ability, and Germany's scientists responded with a pill called D-IX that contained equal parts cocaine and painkiller (5 mg of each), as well as Pervitin (3 mg). The pill was put into a testing stage, but the war ended before it reached the general military population.