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A Ritalin overdose is closely linked to the properties of its active ingredient - Methylphenidate. This substance is, in fact, a psychostimulant and it is used in the medicated therapies of the attention-deficit disorder. The pharmaceutical product is identified by its trademarked denomination of Ritalin. The drug got to a point where medical authorities heavily prescribed it in the 90s, due to the fact that it was then when ADHD itself became extensively accepted.
An overdose can happen when a person ingests more Ritalin that the body can actually process. Overdosing on Ritalin can be lethal and the most common symptoms include severe depression, hallucinations, irregular heartbeat and coma. In case a Ritalin overdose is suspected, emergency medical treatment is required.
Once the patient is hospitalized, the treatment options can vary, and factors such as the patient's drug use history and whether or not the drug was taken with alcohol or not are taken into consideration. Most likely, the medical personnel will administer Intravenous fluids, so that the patient's is rehydrated. Furthermore, the patient's heart rate will be monitored until it becomes stable again.
Ritalin makes it possible for extra dopamine to get to nervous receptors, hence increasing focus, which helps individuals who suffer from ADHD to concentrate effectively. Ritalin increases the levels of dopamine in roughly 60 minutes. However, Ritalin can also be inhaled. In such a case, the effect on the brain is immediate.
ADHD as well as some other medical conditions are thought to be connected to sub-performance of the serotonin secretion processes in the human brain. Thus ADHD is held accountable for compromising the patient's focus, behaviour, determination and executive function. Ritalin mainly functions by decreasing the removal of norepinephrine and serotonin. These actions improve the performance levels, as well as the utility of the neurotransmitters inside the human brain.
Ritalin can certainly be prescribed for usage in situations of lethargy and depression that resist to the treatment. The molecular structure of Methylphenidate incorporates a phenethylamine skeleton. Therefore, it actually enhances the amounts of dopamine, as well as norepinephrine inside the brain by way of inhibiting the reuptake of the monoamine transporters. Ritalin also shows a pharmacological similarity to cocaine, even though MPH is much less potent and more extended in duration.
Methylphenidate, as the active ingredient present in Ritalin, is made in the United States of America, Pakistan, Mexico and Spain. Ritalin is also available in the UK, as well as in Germany and Spain, as well as other European nations.
A psychosis that usually emerges during the treatment with Ritalin can only occur in the course of long-term use of methylphenidate. Typical psychiatric monitoring of individuals who are taking Ritalin for adverse effects such as psychotic symptomatology continues to be advised.
Men and women with ADHD have an enhanced risk of drug abuse. However, stimulant medicines cut down this danger. In most of the isolated situations, a Ritalin overdose is not accompanied by any symptoms or only incurs subtle signs and symptoms.
The initial purpose of the drug was to treat chronic and extreme fatigue, anxiety and depression, as well as psychosis linked to depressive circumstances. Ritalin was employed in attempts to counteract the signs and symptoms of eventual barbiturate overdoses.
Initially, Ritalin or MPH was actually sold in mixture with beverages, specifically a tonic of Methylphenidate, essential vitamins, along with hormones. The product was known as Ritonic and it was intended to improve the state of mind and sustain vitality.
Medical interest in regards to Ritalin focused on hyperkinetic syndrome therapies. This syndrome would at some point be referred to as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. In the USA, the use of MPH stimulants necessary for the treatment of ADHD steadily grew in the last decades of the past century.
Ritalin, as well as cocaine act by blocking the reuptake of dopamine into the nervous cell that initially released it. Ritalin helps individuals with ADHD, because of the fact that they are considered to have additional dopamine transporters - compared to other individuals. The surplus of these transporters eliminates dopamine from the nervous synapse just before it can actually reach a so-called reward receptor in the receiving nervous cell. As a consequence the attention is diminished in an ADHD brain.
In conclusion, a Ritalin overdose is as dangerous a cocaine overdose. In a similar way to cocaine, Methylphenidate enhances the activity of dopamine. This is actually a neurotransmitter related to pleasure and it is essential for reinforcement of normal human behavior. Drugs such as amphetamines virtually stimulate the secretion of dopamine.
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