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Ketamine AddictionKetamine addiction is a very serious and sometimes life threatening dilemma. Not only is it difficult for the addict, it is extremely hard on those around them who care about them. For the addict, admitting they have an addiction problem can be difficult. However painful this may be, it must be acknowledged as the first gradient to overcoming the problem. The next hurdle is being willing to seek & accept help from an addiction professional. It can be hard for an addict to confront the fact that they can not do it alone. Once this fact is accepted, it is time to seek the appropriate professional treatment. Drug rehab programs based on the social education modality are highly successful. This means that individuals who are recovering from Ketamine addiction are not made wrong for their past indiscretions, but are taught how to avoid future ones. They are provided with knowledge on how to change their lives and how to live comfortably without Ketamine. Receiving treatment for addiction should be done in a safe & stable environment that is conducive to addiction recovery. Research studies show that residential treatment programs of at least 3 months in duration have the best success rates. 3 months may seem like a long time, but one day in the life of an individual addicted to Ketamine can feel like an eternity. Addiction is a self imposed hellish slavery. The chains can be broken people do it everyday. You can be free!
Ketamine Treatment OptionsDrug rehabilitation is a multi-phase, multi-faceted, long term process. Detoxification is only the first step on the road of addiction treatment. Physical detoxification alone is not sufficient to change the patterns of a drug addict. Recovery from addiction involves an extended process which usually requires the help of drug addiction professionals. To make a successful recovery, the addict needs new tools in order to deal with situations and problems which arise. Factors such as encountering someone from their days of using, returning to the same environment and places, or even small things such as smells and objects trigger memories which can create psychological stress. This can hinder the addict's goal of complete recovery, thus not allowing the addict to permanently regain control of his or her life.
Almost all addicts tell themselves in the beginning that they can conquer their addiction on their own without the help of outside resources. Unfortunately, this is not usually the case. When an addict makes an attempt at detoxification and to discontinue drug use without the aid of professional help, statistically the results do not last long. Research into the effects of long-term addiction has shown that substantial changes in the way the brain functions are present long after the addict has stopped using drugs. Realizing that a drug addict who wishes to recover from their addiction needs more than just strong will power is the key to a successful recovery. Battling not only cravings for their drug of choice, re-stimulation of their past and changes in the way their brain functions, it is no wonder that quitting drugs without professional help is an uphill battle.
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Facts about Ketamine
Q) What is Ketamine?
A) Ketamine is a short-acting "dissociative" anesthetic due to its ability to separate perception from sensation. It also has hallucinogenic and painkilling qualities that seem to affect people in very different ways. . Ketamine is chemically related to PCP ('Angel Dust'). Ketamine is occasionally administered to people but, more commonly, is used by vets for pet surgery. Generally street K is most often diverted in liquid form from vets' offices or medical suppliers.
Q) How is Ketamine used?
A) Special K is prepared by evaporating the liquid from the legitimate pharmaceutical injectable product and grinding the residue into a powder. Drying of the liquid has been reported to be accomplished by placing the liquid on warming trays, pancake griddles, or cast-iron skillets placed on low heat. More recent reports describe the use of microwaves to achieve a fast boiling-off of the liquid to dry crystals. There has been no reported clandestine manufacture of ketamine (which would be a difficult process). All of the ketamine encountered by law enforcement to date has been diverted from licit sources, burglaries of veterinary clinics being the most frequently reported source.
Special-K is usually snorted or swallowed as a powder or injected as a liquid intramuscularly. Sometimes, it is put on tobacco or marijuana and smoked. It is distributed as powder in small "personal use" cocaine-like bottles, ziplock bags, capsules, or paper, glassine or aluminum 'folds', or as a liquid in small vials or bottles. Specialized "puff pumpers", small bottles with a small inhaler screw-on top designed to deliver approx. 40 mg of ketamine crystals, have been sold in "Rave" clubs. A 10 ml vial of veterinary product containing one gram of ketamine sells, on average, for $100 on the street. A typical street package of powder (100 - 200 mg) sells for about $20. In the past, other drugs were not usually mixed with ketamine, now however, MDMA, amphetamine, methamphetamine, cocaine, carisoprodol, and flunitrazepam have been encountered.
as "Special K" or "K" has become a staple
at 'rave' parties. It produces a dose-related progression of
effects from a state of dreamy intoxication to delirium accompanied
by the inability to move, feel pain or remember what has occurred
while under the drug's influence.
Q) What are the effects of Ketamine?
A) I.M. (intra-muscular injection) Ketamine generally takes 1-5 minutes to take effect. Snorted ketamine takes a little longer at 5-15 minutes. Depending on how much and how recently one has eaten, oral ketamine can take between 5 and 30 minutes to take effect. The primary effects of ketamine last approximately an 30-45 minutes if injected, 45-60 minutes when snorted, and 1-2 hours if used orally. The Drug Enforcement Administration reports that the drug can still affect the body for up to 24 hours.
- Hallucinations- it blocks chemical messengers in the brain that carry sensory input; the brain fills the resulting void with visions, dreams, memories, whatever
- Visual distortions
- Lost sense of time, senses, and identity
- Smells and tastes seem muted
- Visual perception and sense of touch are amplified
- May feel floaty- slightly or far away from your body
- Numbness in your extremities
Hole- comparatively similar to a near death experience, with
the sensation of rising above one's body, inner peace, and
Q) What are the side effects of Ketamine?
The use of Ketamine can result in profound physical and mental
problems including delirium, amnesia, impaired motor function
and potentially fatal respiratory problems. Panic, rage and
paranoia may also occur. Some people feel paralyzed by the drug,
unable to speak without slurring, while others either feel sick
or actually throw up. While using Ketamine one is less likely
to feel pain and in turn could end up inflicting injury or harm
to themselves without even knowing it. In addition, one can
be submerged in their hallucinations without realizing that
they are hallucinating. Eating or drinking before taking the
drug can cause vomiting.
regarding the long-term effects of Ketamine is mainly anecdotal.
Flashbacks of experiences and hallucinations while under the
influence of the drug have been reported. There have also been
suggestions that long-term use of Ketamine can damage the memory
and eyesight of the user, as well as reducing attention span.
Frequent use can cause disruptions in consciousness and lead
to neuroses or other mental disorders.
BBC report in May 2000 claimed that medical research had shown
that controlled tests on Ketamine users had revealed impaired
memory and mild schizophrenia several days after taking the
psychological difficulties which seem to come up for those who
use Ketamine regularly are paranoia and egocentrism. There are
many reports of regular users starting to see patterns and coincidences
(synchronicities) in the world around them which seem to indicate
that they are somehow more important or integral to the world
than others. This same sense of the world focusing on the user
can also feed into a sense of paranoia.
A main characteristic of Ketamine is a stupor similar to extreme drunkenness. This is commonly known as "being in the K-hole."
- increase heart rate
- slurred speech
- paralyzed feeling
- unable to move
- impaired attention, memory and learning ability
amnesia, impaired motor function, high blood pressure, depression
and potentially fatal respiratory problems at higher doses
Q) Can you overdose on Ketamine?
A) Yes, an overdose of Ketamine will knock you out as if in an operating room. If repeatedly taken in large doses, Ketamine can induce unconsciousness and failure of the cardiovascular system, leading to death. There are at least seven Ketamine related deaths known nationally.
Q) Is Ketamine addictive?
A) Yes, Ketamine can cause a tremendous psychological dependence and may be physically addicting as well. The dissociation from one's consciousness experienced with Special K (the entrance to "K-Land") can be highly seductive, and there are many cases of Ketamine addiction. If used regularly, users of Special K can quickly build a tolerance to the drugs effects. Special K is illegal and possession can result in long prison terms.
Q) What are the slang terms used for Ketamine?
A) Special K, Ketalar, Ketaject, Ketaset, Super-K, "K", Ket Kat, Cat Valium, Vitamin K
Q) What is the history behind Ketamine?
Abuse of Ketamine (pronounced Kee-ta-meen) goes hand in hand
with gamma hydroxy butyrate (GHB) and MDMA (Ecstasy). Where
you find one, you will likely find the others. All three are
very popular with the RAVE party crowd. Ketamine hcl, a cat
tranquilizer and the most commonly used anesthetic in the Vietnam
War. It was popular in the 70's. Ketamine is a psychedelic anesthetic
classified medically as a dissociative anesthetic, discovered
by Dr. Cal Stevens of Wayne State University in 1961. Heavily
used on the battlefields of Vietnam, it is used today for short-term
surgical procedures in both animals and humans. It is sold only
to hospitals and physicians. Since it does not depress critical
body vitals, it is often used in procedures with burn victims
K has exploded in the past few months onto the suburban drug
scene. In February, the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration
warned that use is increasing at teen "rave" parties,
the marathon dances that have spawned a new youth subculture.
Anti-drug czar Barry McCaffrey's office added K to its list
of "emerging drugs" in 1995; the office's latest "pulse
check" of the nation found K "all over." St.
Louis, Mo., Tampa, Fla., and suburban New Jersey have seen a
rash of animal-hospital break-ins by thieves hunting for Ketamine.
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