Have Questions?
1-877-893-8276
We Have Answers!

Don't Know What To Do?

Call Now to speak with a Certified Treatment Assesment Counselor who will guide you every step of the way.
This is a free service • 100% Confidential
1-877-893-8276

Treatment Help Request

Contact us now to get immediate help: 1-877-893-8276

Hydrocodone Facts

Hydrocodone in an analgesic and antitussive agent structurally similar to codeine.? When the CSA was enacted in 1971, hydrocodone substance was placed in schedule II.? Products containing hydrocodone in specified amounts and in combination with other active ingredients were placed in schedules III and V.? At that time, hydrocodone was primarily utilized as a cough suppressant with limited prescriptions.? Today, hydrocodone products are increasingly utilized for pain management and are the most frequently dispensed opioid pharmaceuticals in the United States.

The National Forensic Laboratory Information System (NFLIS) is a DEA database that collects scientifically verified data on analyzed drug seizures from state and local forensic laboratories.? It also includes data from the System to Retrieve Information from Drug Evidence (STRIDE), which provides information on analyzed seizures from DEA laboratories. Hydrocodone continues to be the most frequently encountered narcotic analgesic in forensic laboratories.? The following table shows hydrocodone data from 2000 through 2006.  


NFLIS/STRIDE

ANALYZED HYDROCODONE SEIZURES

Source

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

Total

NFLIS

4,084

6,517

10,176

13,145

17,688

22,415

25,136

99,161

STRIDE

259

314

335

511

449

598

654

3,120

Total

4,343

6,831

10,511

13,656

18,137

23,013

25,790

102,281

IMS National Prescription Audit Plus?, a provider database managed by IMS Health, estimates total U.S. dispensed prescriptions through all channels of distribution from 2000 to 2006 (extracted 09/10/2007).? Data for 2006 indicates that hydrocodone prescriptions have steadily increased.? From 2000 thru 2006 there was nearly a 48 percent increase in the number of prescriptions dispensed for hydrocodone products in the United States (from about 88 million to 130 million).

IMS Total Prescriptions

DRUG

YR2000

YR2001

YR2002

YR2003

YR2004

YR2005

YR2006

HYDROCODONE

88,000,000

96,000,000

102,000,000

110,000,000

114,000,000

124,000,000

130,000,000

 

DEA establishes Aggregate Production Quota (APQ) for the maximum amount of schedule I and II substances which may be manufactured in the United States for legitimate national scientific, medical and export needs, and for the maintenance of stocks.? The APQ for hydrocodone has increased over 100 percent since 2000 (from 21,417 kg in 2000 to 46,000 kg in 2007).


Hydrocodone Sales

DRUG

YR2000

YR2001

YR2002

YR2003

YR2004

YR2005

YR2006

YR2007

Total

Hydrocodone (sale)

21,417

23,825

25,702

30,622

34,000

37,604

42,000

46,000

261,170

According to the 2005 International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) Report, the United States manufactures nearly 100% of the total hydrocodone manufactured worldwide. It also constitutes 99% of the world consumption of hydrocodone.

The National Survey on Drug Use and Health (formerly the National Household Survey on Drug Abuse) is a Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMSHA) database that measures drug use by people living in households.? Data is listed for 2000 through 2006. Information is collected for Vicodin, Lortab, Lorcet, and other hydrocodone products for lifetime use (i.e., it was used at least once in their life).

National Survey on Drug Use and Health

Hydrocodone Products


YEAR

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

Total

USERS

6,708,000

9,453,000

13,952,000

16,808,000

17,734,000

18,875,000

20,755,000

104,285,000

Monitoring the Future (MTF), a National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) funded study conducted by the University of Michigan, measures prevalence of drug use among eighth, tenth, and twelfth graders.? In 2002, a question was added regarding the annual prevalence of the nonmedical use of Vicodin.? The table below provides this data.

Annual Prevalence of Nonmedical Use of Vicodin
Monitoring the Future (2002-2006)
(Data Expressed in Percent of Students)

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

? 8th Grade

2.5

2.8

2.5

2.6

3.0

10th Grade

6.9

7.2

6.2

5.9

7.0

12th Grade

9.6

10.5

9.3

9.5

9.7

The American Association of Poison Control Centers (AAPCC) data suggest that hydrocodone products are involved in a number of toxic exposures that have resulted in 334 deaths from 2002 through 2005.? In 2005, hydrocodone was associated with more exposures that resulted in death than any other narcotic analgesic. ?In addition, of the 22,165 exposures reported to the American Association of Poison Control Centers (AAPCC) in 2005, 5,200 were for individuals less than 20 years of age.? Data for hydrocodone exposures reported to AAPCC from 2002 thru 2005 are provided in the tables below.

Poison Control Center Data for Hydrocodone

2002

2003

2004

2005

Total

Hydrocodone Exposures

17,386

19,538

22,594

22,165

81,683

Serious Outcomes Associated With Hydrocodone Exposures

2002

2003

2004

2005

Total

Deaths

66

82

86

100

334

Major Effect*

531

606

751

808

2,696

Moderate Effect**

2,033

2,301

2,868

2,832

10,034

Total

2,630

2,989

3,705

3,740

13,064

*Major effect: the patient exhibited signs or symptoms as a result of the exposure that were life-threatening or resulted in significant residual disability or disfigurement.
**Moderate effect: the patient developed signs or symptoms as a result of the exposure that were more pronounced,? more prolonged or more systemic in nature than minor effects.
 
The Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN) is another SAMSHA database which collects data on drug-related emergency department (ED) visits from a nationally representative sample of hospitals from selected metropolitan areas within the United States.  In 2002, the last year national data is available, hydrocodone with acetaminophen was the tenth most reported drug among the top 150 controlled substances.

DAWN ED

National Estimates Of Abuse Incidents

DRUG

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

Total

HYDROCODONE

13,611

15,252

20,098

21,567

25,187

95,715

The DAWN database also collects data on drug-related deaths reported Medical Examiner (ME) Offices in 32 metropolitan areas.? In 2002, the last year national data is available; hydrocodone was the eighth most reported drug among the top 20 controlled substances.
   


?DAWN ME

NATIONAL REPORTS OF DRUG-RELATED DEATHS

DRUG

YR1998

YR1999

YR2000

YR2001

YR2002

TOTAL

HYDROCODONE

294

447

548

592

618

2,499

Find Top Treatment Facilities Near You

  • Detoxification
  • Inpatient / Residential
  • Private / Executive
  • Therapeutic Counseling
  • Effective Results
Call Us Today!

1-877-893-8276

Speak with a Certified Treatment Assesment Counselor who can go over all your treatment options and help you find the right treatment program that fits your needs.

drug-rehabs.org

1-877-893-8276

Discuss Treatment Options!

Our Counselors are available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week to discuss your treatment needs and help you find the right treatment solution.

Call Us Today!

drug-rehabs.org

1-877-893-8276