On the illicit drug market especially diazepam, temazepam, and flunitrazepam are used as drug substitutes, often in combination with alcohol, and as additives in drug preparations.
There is much debate and considerable conflicting evidence regarding the mechanism of action of PCP. It is thought to stimulate alpha-adrenergic receptors in the brain and to elevate epinephrine, norepinephrine, and serotonin levels. PCP is also thought to inhibit communication along certain central nervous system pathways. Still others think that PCP acts on opiate receptors.
Precursors used in the manufacture of methamphetamine are also controlled by the CDSAand the Precursor Control Regulations (PCR). These regulations, which came into effect in 2003, gave tools to monitor and control the sale/provision, import, export, production, and packaging of precursors frequently used in the production of illicit drugs. As it currently exists, only licensed dealers may sell Class A precursors, such as ephedrine or pseudoephedrine (except in small amounts in pharmaceutical products), and a person found guilty of importing, exporting, or possession for the purpose of export without the proper authorization is liable to 10 yearsâ€™ imprisonment for an indictable offence or 18 monthsâ€™ imprisonment upon summary conviction.
Drinking and driving accidents are the number one killer of teenagers. Teenage drivers with impaired blood alcohol content are fifty-four times more likely to be killed in single vehicle crashes than their sober counterparts. Fifty-three percent of falls, 38 percent of drownings, and 64 percent of fires and burns are alcohol and drug related. No matter how careful people are when they are sober, drugs or alcohol can cloud their judgment and turn simple acts like crossing the street into life-threatening situations.
Addiction is one of the many consequences of so-called 'casual' drug and alcohol abuse. A loss of control over drugs and alcohol can be driven by physical or psychological factors, or sometimes both. Physical addiction takes place when the body comes to need a drug to function normally. If it is not taken, unpleasant withdrawal symptoms occur. The only way to avoid this is to take more of the drug. Psychological addiction takes place when an individual comes to rely on a drug to supply good feelings, such as relaxation, self-confidence, self esteem, and freedom from anxiety. This is not just a casual desire, it's a powerful compulsion.
An effective therapeutic community attends to the many needs of the individual, not just his or her drug use. Care given at a therapeutic community addresses the individual's drug use and associated medical, psychological, social, vocational, and legal problems. Also, a therapeutic community will continue to be flexible and provide ongoing assessments of the individual's needs, which may change during the course of care.
Remaining in care at a therapeutic community for an adequate period of time is critical for treatment effectiveness. The time depends on an individual's needs. For most people, the significant improvement is reached at about 3 months in treatment.
Drug abuse is defined as the chronic or habitual use of any chemical substance to alter states of body or mind for other than medically warranted purposes. Drug abuse is a problem which has an effect on people of all income levels,
ages, and stations in life. Quite often the last person to see that there is a
problem is the drug abuser them self. Every year, more and more people become
drug addicts in their pursuit to get "high".
An addict is an individual who has a compulsive urge to use drugs, to the point where they feel they have no effective choice but to continue use. An addict will continue their self destructive behaviors in order to feel good or to avoid
feeling bad. It can dominate their mind, and keep them coming back for more. The addiction can be
different for each addict, depending on their vice and the kind of person they
Withdrawal is what happens when a person who is addicted to drugs or alcohol discontinues use. There are numerous symptoms that take place both physically and emotionally when an addicted individual stops using. Withdrawal can last a few days to a few weeks and may include nausea or vomiting, sweating, shakiness, and anxiety. Keep in mind; this only occurs if a person has regular, heavy use of a drug or alcohol. Withdrawal can be extremely uncomfortable without professional help. Treatment for withdrawal from alcohol or drugs may require a medical professional to be present. Drug and alcohol rehabilitation is often the best way to overcome withdrawal and its symptoms as well as recovery from drug addiction.
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