Today it is estimated that 22 to 25 million people have tried cocaine at least once. Conservative estimates indicate that there are over two million cocaine addicts in the United States today.
While using drugs, a person is also less able to do well in school, sports, and other activities. It's often harder to think clearly and make good decisions. People can do dumb or dangerous things that could hurt themselves - or other people - when they use drugs.
One way to prevent addictions is to eliminate the substances and activities to which one may become addicted. One major thrust of the drug prevention program in the United States is to prevent illegal drugs from entering the country. People who support this method of prevention argue that if illegal drugs are not available, people cannot become addicted to them. Similarly, people who are concerned about addictions to gambling argue that legal gambling should not be permitted. They claim that if gambling casinos do not exist, people are less likely to become addicted to them. Another approach to prevention is to deal with the kinds of problems that lead to addiction. People who grow up in warm, supportive, healthy, financially secure environments may be less likely to become dependant on certain substances and activities to achieve happiness or security. In this regard, improving family structures, home life, and social institutions is an important step in preventing addictions.
Amphetamine Treatment Admission Rates: In 1993, the treatment admission rate for primary amphetamine abuse in the United States was 14 admissions per 100,000 aged 12 or older. No State had a rate higher than 100 per 100,000. Three States had rates of 55 per 100,000 or more, and 89 percent of reporting States had rates of fewer than 28 per 100,000. By 1996, the treatment admission rate for primary amphetamine abuse in the United States had increased by 79 percent, to 24 per 100,000 aged 12 or older. Ten States had rates of at least 55 per 100,000, and three of these had rates of at least 100 per 100,000. The proportion of States with rates fewer than 28 per 100,000 had fallen to 66 percent. By 1999, the treatment admission rate for primary amphetamine abuse in the United States as a whole had increased to 32 per 100,000 aged 12 or older. Thirteen States had rates of at least 55 per 100,000, and eight of these had rates of 100 per 100,000 or more.
Drug rehabilitation is a place or program that an individual enters to treat a drug or alcohol addiction. Through therapy and education, the individual is restored to their former non-drug using self. They are then able to re-enter society clean and sober. There are many reasons why a person would need to attend a drug rehabilitation program. Some of the many reasons are: the inability to control their drinking or drug use, alienating their friends and family, problems with the law, and problems at work. Also, there are several different types of drug rehabilitation programs available: inpatient, outpatient, residential, short-term, and long-term.
Drug abuse is defined as the chronic or habitual use of any chemical substance to alter states of body or mind for other than medically warranted purposes. Drug abuse is a problem which has an effect on people of all income levels,
ages, and stations in life. Quite often the last person to see that there is a
problem is the drug abuser them self. Every year, more and more people become
drug addicts in their pursuit to get "high".
Tolerance to a drug takes place when an individual is exposed to the same drug repeatedly and begins to build up an resistance to the drugs effects. The body then adapts and develops a tolerance for the drug. The addiction that is produced is so powerful that it creates cravings in the user. These cravings for the drug are the result of its impact on the individual's memory with feelings of pleasantness and euphoria which the individual has come to associate with the taking of the drug.
Relapse is a term used to describe when an individual who has quit using drugs starts using once again. A relapse can mean just a one time use, a long term continues period of using or anything in between after a period of sobriety has taken place. An individual begins to experience a psychological relapse long before their first use after
quitting. Some things that can lead to relapse both physically or psychologically include: 1. Being in the presence of drugs or alcohol, drug or alcohol users, or places where you used or bought chemicals. 2. Feelings we perceive as negative, particularly anger; also sadness, loneliness, guilt, fear, and anxiety. 3. Positive feelings that make you want to celebrate by using. 4. Listening to others past drug use stories and just dwelling on getting high. 5. Believing that you no longer have to worry (complacent). That is, that you are no longer stimulated to crave drugs/alcohol by any of the above situations or by anything else – and therefore maybe it’s safe for you to use occasionally.
Addiction is one of the many consequences of so-called 'casual' drug and alcohol abuse. A loss of control over drugs and alcohol can be driven by physical or psychological factors, or sometimes both. Physical addiction takes place when the body comes to need a drug to function normally. If it is not taken, unpleasant withdrawal symptoms occur. The only way to avoid this is to take more of the drug. Psychological addiction takes place when an individual comes to rely on a drug to supply good feelings, such as relaxation, self-confidence, self esteem, and freedom from anxiety. This is not just a casual desire, it's a powerful compulsion.
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