Valley Park, Missouri
Valley Park, MO Profile
Valley Park, MO, population 6,518 , is located
in Missouri's St. Louis county,
about 16.8 miles from St Louis and 97.9 miles from Springfield.
In the 90's the population of Valley Park has grown by about 56%.
It is Estimated in recent years the population of Valley Park has been declining at an annual rate of less than one percent.
Valley Park Statistics
Valley Park Gender Information
Males in Valley Park: 3,185 (49%)
Females in Valley Park: 3,333 (51%)
As % of Population in Valley Park
Race Diversity in Valley Park
African American: 4%
As % of Population in Valley Park
Age Diversity in Valley Park
Median Age in Valley Park: 31.8 (Males in Valley Park: 31.0, Females in Valley Park: 32.5)
Valley Park Males Under 20: 15%
Valley Park Females Under 20: 14%
Valley Park Males 20 to 40: 19%
Valley Park Females 20 to 40: 20%
Valley Park Males 40 to 60: 11%
Valley Park Females 40 to 60: 10%
Valley Park Males Over 60: 4%
Valley Park Females Over 60: 7%
Economics in Valley Park
Valley Park Household Average Size: 2.45 people
Valley Park Median Household Income: $ 43,548
Valley Park Median Value of Homes: $ 128,200
Valley Park Location Information
Elevation: 421 feet above sea level.
Land Area: 2.5 Square Miles.
Water Area: 0.1 Square Miles.
Nearby Towns & Cities to Valley Park
Twin Oaks 1.1 Miles
Winchester 3.4 Miles
Manchester 3.4 Miles
Fenton 4.0 Miles
Murphy 4.1 Miles
Ballwin 4.3 Miles
Town and Country 4.6 Miles
Sunset Hills 4.7 Miles
Des Peres 4.8 Miles
Parkdale 5.2 Miles
Big Cities Nearest Valley Park
St Louis 16.8 Miles
Springfield 97.9 Miles
Peoria 155.9 Miles
Evansville 164.4 Miles
Springfield 178.8 Miles
Independence 214.7 Miles
Clarksville 221.4 Miles
Kansas City 223.4 Miles
Kansas City 226.2 Miles
Overland Park 227.3 Miles
More than half of the estimated costs of drug abuse were associated with drug-related crime. These costs included lost productivity of victims and incarcerated perpetrators of drug- related crime (20.4 percent); lost legitimate production due to drug-related crime careers (19.7 percent); and other costs of drug-related crime, including Federal drug traffic control, property damage, and police, legal, and corrections services (18.4 percent). Most of the remaining costs resulted from premature deaths (14.9 percent), lost productivity due to drug-related illness (14.5 percent), and healthcare expenditures (10.2 percent).
Diamorphine, like morphine and many other opioids, produces analgesia. It behaves as an agonist at a complex group of receptors (the μ, κ and δ subtypes) that are normally acted upon by endogenous peptides known as endorphins. Apart from analgesia, diamorphine produces drowsiness, euphoria and a sense of detachment. Negative effects include respiratory depression, nausea and vomiting, decreased motility in the gastrointestinal tract, suppression of the cough reflex and hypothermia. Tolerance and physical dependence occur on repeated use. Cessation of use in tolerant subjects leads to characteristic withdrawal symptoms. Subjective effects following injection are known as ‘the rush’ and are associated with feelings of warmth and pleasure, followed by a longer period of sedation. Diamorphine is 2–3 times more potent than morphine. The estimated minimum lethal dose is 200 mg, but addicts may be able to tolerate ten times as much. Following injection, diamorphine crosses the blood–brain barrier within 20 seconds, with almost 70 % of the dose reaching the brain. It is difficult to detect in blood because of rapid hydrolysis to 6-monoacetylmorphine and slower conversion to morphine, the main active metabolite. The plasma half-life of diamorphine is about three minutes. Morphine is excreted in the urine largely as the glucuronide conjugate. Diamorphine is associated with far more accidental overdoses and fatal poisonings than any other scheduled substance. Much morbidity is caused by infectious agents transmitted by unhygienic injection.
If a person uses Methamphetamine for a long time, they may become paranoid. They may also hear and see things that aren't there. These are called hallucinations. Because Methamphetamine causes big increases in blood pressure, someone using it for a long time may also have permanent damage to blood vessels in the brain. This can lead to strokes caused by bleeding in the brain.
This age-related pattern for complaints of insomnia is reflected in the pattern of use of sedative-hypnotic drugs. For example, in the United States 2.6 percent and in Britain 4 percent of adults take a benzodiazepine as a sleep inducer during any given year. In the elderly, this increases to 16 percent use in a year, with 73 percent of those taking the drug regularly for a year or more. Indeed, 4 percent of people older than 65 had used the drug continuously for more than a decade. Across all age groups, roughly twice as many women as men take sedative-hypnotic drugs. The most commonly prescribed hypnotics include several benzodiazepines: flurazepam (Dalmane), quazepam (Doral), temazepam (Restoril), and triazolam (Halcion). Other hypnotics not related to the benzodiazepines are chloral hydrate (Noctec), a chloral derivative, and hydroxyzine (Vistaril), an antihistamine. Benzodiazepines are by far the most frequently used sedative-hypnotic drugs. The key concerns in the hypnotic use of the benzodiazepines are (1) adverse effects experienced while the patient is taking the drug; (2) possible physical and psychological dependence; and (3) rebound insomnia and Withdrawal symptoms when the patient stops taking the drug.
An intervention is when a group of loved ones and/or a trained intervention counselor meets with the person in need of help for the purpose of breaking down their denial and motivating them to immediately seek drug addiction treatment. Often, individuals in the midst of drug addiction engage in a variety of self destructive behaviors. Although baffling to friends and family members such people generally either aren't aware on a conscious level that they have a drug addiction problem, or even when they know they have a problem they may cling to the false belief that the problem will somehow go away without any outside help. When an intervention is held a moment of clarity is created
for the addict. Most people struggling with the problem of drug or alcohol
addiction will accept help the very day of the intervention.
An effective therapeutic community attends to the many needs of the individual, not just his or her drug use. Care given at a therapeutic community addresses the individual's drug use and associated medical, psychological, social, vocational, and legal problems. Also, a therapeutic community will continue to be flexible and provide ongoing assessments of the individual's needs, which may change during the course of care.
Remaining in care at a therapeutic community for an adequate period of time is critical for treatment effectiveness. The time depends on an individual's needs. For most people, the significant improvement is reached at about 3 months in treatment.
A drug overdose occurs when you consume more drugs than your body can tolerate. Drug users are constantly flirting with the risk of a drug overdose. There is a
fine line between the high they're seeking and serious injury or death. While many victims of drug overdose recover without long term effects, there
can be serious consequences. Some drug overdoses cause the failure of major
organs like the kidneys or liver, or failure of whole systems like the
respiratory or circulatory systems. Patients who survive drug overdose may need
kidney dialysis, kidney or liver transplant, or ongoing care as a result of
heart failure, stroke, or coma. Death can occur in almost any drug overdose
situation, particularly if treatment is not started immediately.
Withdrawal is what happens when a person who is addicted to drugs or alcohol discontinues use. There are numerous symptoms that take place both physically and emotionally when an addicted individual stops using. Withdrawal can last a few days to a few weeks and may include nausea or vomiting, sweating, shakiness, and anxiety. Keep in mind; this only occurs if a person has regular, heavy use of a drug or alcohol. Withdrawal can be extremely uncomfortable without professional help. Treatment for withdrawal from alcohol or drugs may require a medical professional to be present. Drug and alcohol rehabilitation is often the best way to overcome withdrawal and its symptoms as well as recovery from drug addiction.
Abstinence is the act or practice of refraining from indulging a desire. The type of abstinence we are referring to here is abstinence from drugs and alcohol. This term has two connotations when it comes to abstaining from drugs. The first refers to drug or alcohol treatment programs that aim to help an individual stop using drugs or alcohol for the rest of their lives. The time abstinence is also used in drug education and prevention. It refers to trying to stop children from ever using drugs.
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