Drug Rehab, Missouri

Drug Rehab Missouri


Jefferson City, MO is the capital of Missouri. This state joined the union on August 10, 1821. It was the 24th state to join the union. The state symbols of Missouri include the hawthorn, bluebird and the paddlefish. 2010 resident census population reported that 5,988,927 call the state of Missouri their home. Of this population 2,933,477 were Male; Female: 3,055,450. White: 4,958,770 (86.54%); Black: 693,391(12.04%); American Indian: 27,376 (1.03%); Asian: 98,083 (1.61%); Other race: 80,457; Two or more races: 124,589; Hispanic/Latino: 212,470. 2010 population 18 and over: 4,563,491; 65 and over: 838,294 median age: 37.

Missouri Drug and Alcohol Treatment Categories include but are not limited to the following:

Missouri Drug Rehab Programs

Many people feel like failures if they need to go to a Missouri drug rehab. Nothing can be further from the truth. If you are admitting you need help, whether it be for alcoholism or drug addiction, you are already a better and stronger person. When the time comes that you that you want to get help for your addiction problem, confide in a friend or family member and ask them to assist you in finding a Missouri drug rehab program. That is the first step in saving your life. Keep in mind though, this is only the beginning and there are more realizations to come.

Go to a Missouri drug rehabilitation facility for your future, or you might as well not have one. If you can't do it for yourself, then do it for the ones that love you. Do it now! The longer you wait to address your addiction problem, the harder it may become.

Missouri Addiction Counseling

Missouri addiction treatment programs can include but are not limited to methadone detox, OxyContin detox, or drug and/or alcohol counseling. If you feel that you are in need of help, look into addiction treatment. There you can find the information about the treatment you need to end your addiction. You can also find out ways to perform a drug intervention amongst family and friends on a loved one that wants to get better but does not have the reasoning capacity to make logical decisions due to the irrational mind altering effects of their drug use. Many people go to a Missouri addiction treatment program kicking and screaming after a successful intervetion, but as they begin to feel better and start to turn their life around they become quite happy being there and begin to appreciate family members for being proactive and getting them into a Missouri drug rehab program and provide the help they so badly need.

There are many reasons why you should stop using, but you need to find out your own personal reasons. When you go to an addiction treatment program there are many theraputic benifits there to help understand your addiction and thereby help you to live a drug and alcohol free life. It is then up to you to stop the cycle.

Missouri Addiction Treatment Programs

Missouri addiction treatment programs can include but are not limited to methadone detox, OxyContin detox, or drug and/or alcohol counseling. If you feel that you are in need of help, look into addiction treatment. There you can find the information about the treatment you need to end your addiction. You can also find out ways to perform a drug intervention amongst family and friends on a loved one that wants to get better but does not have the reasoning capacity to make logical decisions due to the irrational mind altering effects of their drug use. Many people go to a Missouri addiction treatment program kicking and screaming after a successful intervetion, but as they begin to feel better and start to turn their life around they become quite happy being there and begin to appreciate family members for being proactive and getting them into a Missouri drug rehab program and provide the help they so badly need.

There are many reasons why you should stop using, but you need to find out your own personal reasons. When you go to an addiction treatment program there are many theraputic benifits there to help understand your addiction and thereby help you to live a drug and alcohol free life. It is then up to you to stop the cycle.

Missouri Group Meetings

Missouri group meetings can complement and extend the effects of professional drug addiction treatment. Many drug addiction treatment programs encourage patients to participate in meetings during and after formal treatment.

Meetings are many times free of charge, self-governing, and self-supporting. Information regarding day, time, and locations of meetings can be found by calling a central group telephone number in the yellow pages under "Alcoholism" and "Drug Abuse and Addiction". Typically group meetings are held one or more times a week, at the same location and at the same time. Meetings focus on members sharing with other members their experience, strength, and hope in terms of recovery from alcoholism and drug addiction.

Missouri Inpatient Drug Rehab

Missouri inpatient Drug Rehab: When patients check into a Missouri drug/alcohol rehab or drug rehab facility and live on the premises, they are undergoing inpatient drug addiction treatment. A Missouri inpatient drug rehab can be in a variety of locations. Many people think of inpatient rehabs as hospitals or similar accommodations, however, this is not always the case. Inpatient drug rehab takes place in residential settings as well. In fact, the preferred treatment environment in a lot of inpatient drug rehabilitation situations would be one that was less restrictive than a hospital. Yet the drug rehab center should also have supervision and structure, such as a residential inpatient drug rehab. These programs often offer supervised detoxification that may involve medication in a hospital setting or social detoxification (i.e. no medication) in a non-hospital setting.

Missouri Outpatient Drug Rehab

The ultimate goal of a Missouri outpatient drug rehab program is long-term abstinence from drugs and alcohol. This is achieved by educating and treating clients with addiction issues so that they may re-enter society and lead responsible, successful, drug and alcohol free lives by using the tools of recovery. It is important that a Missouri outpatient drug rehab recognize and fulfill each client.s needs by helping them attain a thorough understanding of themselves and the recovery process.

Missouri Outpatient drug rehab programs are designed for clients who do not require a more structured environment to maintain sobriety and who are not in acute withdrawal. Most include individualized treatment planning, educational and process groups several times per week, and individual counseling. Appropriate referrals are made to community-based self help groups, vocational agencies, and other necessary ancillary services. Outpatient drug rehabs give the individual an opportunity to interact with the real world environment while still benefiting from a peer-oriented, structured therapeutic program. Clients. progress is assessed regularly by clinical staff to help determine the length of the program for each participant. Safe and supportive living in our sober living homes is highly recommended during the outpatient treatment process.

Missouri Residential Treatment

Missouri residential drug treatment for drug abuse and addiction has existed for over 40 years. Missouri residential drug treatment, also known as therapeutic communities are located in residential settings and use a hierarchical model with treatment stages that reflect increased levels of personal and social responsibility. The idea behind residential treatment is that the individual suffering from drug addiction is able to live in an environment which is drug free. They begin to see how to live life without drugs and alcohol through their time spent away from their previous environment. As time progresses they are able to handle more and more responsibility within the residential treatment facility and are expected to be part of the community in which they live. This means helping those who are just beginning as well as those around them.

Missouri residential drug treatment is different than other treatment methods in many ways. Individuals are able to leave their drug using environment and enter into a clean and sober atmosphere. Their reminders of drugs such as the cabinet where they kept their alcohol or the drawer where they kept their stash are no longer a temptation reminding them of their drug addiction. Additionally, individuals are able to associate with others who share their same goal of addiction recovery 24 hours a day 7 days a week. This availability of individuals and professional staff at any hour is invaluable when a person is going through a Missouri residential drug treatment to overcome their addiction problem and start a new and better life.

Missouri Drug Intervention

Drug intervention is a process that helps a drug addict recognize the extent of their problem. Individuals who are addicted to drugs or alcohol usually do not know their addiction is out of control. They tend to look at those around them as a measure of how right or wrong their actions are. These individuals need objective feedback on their behavior. It is through a non-judgmental, non-critical, systematic drug intervention process that the individual is able to see their own lifestyle choices. When they truly understand the impact that their alcohol dependence or drug addiction has on others, they may truly begin to see they are hurting those around them.

The goal of drug intervention is for the addict to accept the reality of their drug addiction and to seek help. The process of conducting a drug intervention is a difficult and delicate matter. It is important that it is done correctly, otherwise the individual may feel cornered and become defensive. Advice from a trained professional is useful in determining the proper strategy and timing for your specific drug intervention.

Missouri Alcohol Intervention

Alcohol intervention is a process that helps an individual who has problems with alcohol recognize the extent of their situation. Those who have a problem with alcohol usually do not know they are out of control. They look at their alcohol-using peers/friends and their own use appears normal in comparison. They need objective feedback on their behavior. Through a non-judgmental, non-critical, systematic process, the individual is confronted with the impact of their alcohol abuse. The goal of alcohol intervention is for them to accept the reality of their problem and to seek help.

An alcohol intervention can be difficult and delicate matter without professional help. It is very important that they be done properly. No alcohol intervention should be undertaken without advice and counsel of a professional experienced in the alcohol intervention process. Furthermore, since people embarking on an alcohol intervention often feel ambivalent and apprehensive, it is important that they trust the interventionist who is advising them.

Missouri Drug Detox

The goal of drug detox is to rid the body of toxins accumulated by drug use. The first step of detox is withdrawal. Withdrawal is "the act or process of ceasing to use an addictive drug." Once an individual has discontinued using drugs physical and behavioral withdrawal symptoms may follow. Drug detox is a process that helps diminish the uncomfortable symptoms of withdrawal.

Drug detox is performed in many different ways depending on where you decide to receive treatment. Most drug detox centers simply provide treatment to avoid physical withdrawal to alcohol & other drugs. A quality drug rehab program will not only provide the individual with a professional drug detox but also provide treatment for the psychological root cause of the individual's addiction problem, so as to decrease the chances of relapse.

Drug detox can be viewed in three separate stages:

  1. Medical Detox: A medical doctor will need to supervise your medical withdrawal from drugs, ensuring you complete this phase safely and with minimal complications. Medical detox can take several days.
  2. Physical Detox: Once your body is no longer dependent on drugs, you will need to work on building up your physical health. A nutritionist can be helpful during this phase, enabling you to develop a balanced diet to help you through the rest of the drug detox process.
  3. Emotional Detox: Detox can be extremely difficult on your emotional health, which is why most treatment centers offer counseling during detox. Because drugs have become an integral part of your mental, emotional and social life, you will need emotional help as you detox.

Missouri Alcohol Detox

Missouri alcohol detox is the first step in the alcohol treatment process. What does it mean to enter a Missouri alcohol detox? The definition of detoxification is as follows: "A treatment for addiction to drugs or alcohol intended to rid the body of the addictive substances, and the physiological and mental readjustment that accompanies the process." This definition refers to the physical withdrawal symptoms of alcohol abuse, as well as the psychological symptoms experienced while in alcohol detox.

Alcohol abuse and addiction require detox before beginning treatment and recovery. When alcohol residuals remain in the body, cravings will continue and recovery from alcohol addiction will be very difficult to achieve. Alcohol detox should be done under the care of a licensed medical facility. Attempting to detox from alcohol without the proper professional help is extremely dangerous. It can result in serious physical, psychological, and emotional consequences which can include death.

Missouri Meth Rehab

Missouri meth rehab is a necessity for those looking to put an end to their meth addiction. Meth addiction is a very serious and sometimes life threatening dilemma. Not only is it difficult for the addict, it is extremely hard on those around them who care about them. For the addict, admitting they have an addiction problem can be difficult. However painful this may be, it must be acknowledged as the first gradient to overcoming the problem. The next hurdle is being willing to seek & accept help from a Missouri meth rehab. It can be hard for an individual to confront the fact that they can not recover from their meth addiction alone. Once the individual accepts the fact that attending a Missouri meth rehab is necessary, it is time to seek the appropriate professional treatment. Missouri meth rehab programs based on the social education modality are highly successful. This means that individuals who are recovering from meth addiction are not made wrong for their past indiscretions, but are taught how to avoid future ones. They are provided with knowledge on how to change their lives and how to live comfortably without meth. Research studies show that residential meth rehab programs of at least 3 months in duration have the best success rates. Three months may seem like a long time, but one day in the life of an individual addicted to meth can feel like an eternity. Addiction is a self imposed hellish slavery. The chains can be broken, people do it everyday.

Missouri Cocaine Rehab

Attending a Missouri cocaine rehab center will help cocaine abusers recovery from their addiction. They will provide counseling to the individual to help them cope with their feelings of depression and to help them find a new way to feel happy and satisfied. The first step of cocaine detox is admitting that they do have a problem with cocaine. However, the first few days of the cocaine detox process will be the most difficult for the individual. They must find new things to occupy their mind and if they can get through the first week, the individual is most likely to be successful. While the individual will still feel cravings for the drug, he or she will have to develop new habits or they may be prone to return to their previous drug use habits. While it may be difficult, the user needs to know there is a lot of help available to them. There are many Missouri cocaine rehab facilities that will assist the individual with their cocaine detox and give them the tools they need to successfully beat their cocaine addiction.

Missouri Heroin Rehab

Whether a person may need a Missouri Heroin rehab is dependent upon the severity of the heroin addiction problem and the motivation of the individual. Some users may go to a Missouri heroin rehab voluntarily and have the support of family, friends, and workplace; others may be sent to a Missouri heroin rehab by the courts against their will and have virtually no support system. Recovery from heroin addiction is possible for both scenarios if the individuals applies the knowledge they learn to their life once they have left heroin rehab program.

Heroin detoxification is only the first step of a heroin rehab program and by itself does little to change long-term drug use. Detoxification safely manages the acute physical symptoms of withdrawal associated with stopping drug use. While detoxification alone is rarely sufficient to help addicts achieve long-term abstinence, for some individuals it is a strongly indicated precursor to effective heroin addiction treatment.

The appropriate duration for an individual in a Missouri heroin rehab depends on his or her problems and needs. Research indicates that for most patients, the threshold of significant improvement is reached at about 3 months in treatment. After this threshold is reached, additional heroin addiction treatment can produce further progress toward recovery. Because people often leave treatment prematurely, programs should include strategies to engage and keep patients in treatment.

Missouri Drug Trends
Population in Missouri: 5,800,310
State Prison Population in Missouri: 31,081
Probation Population in Missouri: 53,832
Violent Crime Rate in Missouri:
National Ranking: 16
2007 Federal Drug Seizures in Missouri:
Cocaine seizures in Missouri: 262.8 kgs.
Heroin seizures in Missouri: 29.8 kgs./970 du
Methamphetamine seizures in Missouri: 40.0 kgs./493 du
Marijuana seizures in Missouri: 1,527 kgs.
Hashish seizures in Missouri: 0.0 kgs.
MDMA seizures in Missouri: 0.0 kgs./9,589 du
Meth Lab Incidents in Missouri: 1,189
(DEA, Missouri, and local city Law Enforcement)
Drug Situation in Missouri:

  • Mexican poly-drug trafficking organizations control the vast majority of the distribution of methamphetamine, cocaine, marijuana, and heroin in Missouri.
  • Several organizations with ties to Texas, Arizona and California continue to traffic in methamphetamine, cocaine and heroin into Missouri.
  • Small toxic methamphetamine laboratories are found throughout Missouri.

  • Cocaine and crack cocaine are easily available in both the St. Louis and Kansas City areas of Missouri and are abused by all social and ethnic groups.
  • There have been reports of a shortage of cocaine in Missouri, but there is no indication of a sustained shortage.
  • Typically, cocaine in Missouri comes from sources of supply in Texas, Arizona, and California that are associated with Mexican international distribution organizations.
  • The cocaine in Missouri is transported primarily in vehicles on the interstate highway system.
  • Much of the cocaine brought into Missouri is converted to crack and sold in the inner-city areas.
  • While Hispanic trafficking organizations control the wholesale distribution of cocaine in Missouri, local distribution of crack is primarily controlled by small independent dealers or by street gangs, some with loose affiliations to national gangs.

  • Heroin markets in eastern Missouri have seen a shift from low purity Mexican black tar heroin to white heroin, which originates in either South America or southwest Asia.
  • The purity of white heroin in Missouri varies from levels as low as 10-15% (similar to the Mexican heroin), to samples which have been tested at above 40% in purity.
  • The emergence of the white heroin is said to have led to an expansion of the heroin markets to more suburban and rural areas of eastern Missouri.
  • The ability to snort the white heroin makes it more attractive to young, suburban and rural users in Missouri.
  • Availability of heroin in western Missouri remains very limited.
  • The heroin market in Missouri continues to be dominated by Mexican black tar and powdered heroin.
  • Some highway interdictions in Missouri of larger quantities of South American white heroin have occurred in the past year. In each situation, the heroin was believed to be enroute to Chicago, Illinois.

  • As with heroin, the methamphetamine problem in Missouri differs greatly between the eastern and western halves of the state.
  • The western half of the state of Missouri is overwhelmed by crystal "ice" methamphetamine, supplied by organizations based out of Mexico, California, and the southwest United States, and brought to Missouri by the traditional highway transportation organizations.
  • "Ice" is normally perceived to be higher in purity, but lower purity levels have been found in many exhibits in Missouri.
  • Small toxic methamphetamine laboratories are found in western Missouri. However, the number of laboratory seizures in the western half of the state dropped 7from 516 in 2004 to 136 in 2007.
  • Most of the methamphetamine used in eastern Missouri is said to be supplied by the Mexican DTOs.
  • The issue of local methamphetamine laboratories in Missouri remains a top priority with local officials.
  • Some law enforcement agencies in Missouri have reported a resurgence in methamphetamine laboratory seizures in late 2007.
  • 9.The number of methamphetamine laboratories seized in eastern Missouri has declined in the past several years. However, this is at a lower level than seen in western Missouri.
  • The number of methamphetamine laboratory seizures in eastern Missouri declined 54% from its peak of 601 in 2004 to 278 in 2007, which is twenty percent less than the decline in western Missouri.
  • The Missouri state legislation limiting the sale of pseudoephedrine products is said to have hindered local production throughout the state.
  • Local laboratory operators in Missouri continue to obtain the necessary ingredients to manufacture methamphetamine through "smurfing" (going from store to store, purchasing the maximum allowable amounts), and through theft of ingredients such as anhydrous ammonia.
  • There were 1,189 meth lab incidents in Missouri in 2007.

  • MDMA (ecstasy) is available in all areas of Missouri.
  • Drugs such as MDMA and GHB are readily available in all types of dance clubs in the major cities, and around college campuses throughout Missouri.
  • MDMA in Missouri is obtained by local distributors from sources of supply in California, New York, Florida, Texas and Washington State.

  • Marijuana is continuing problem throughout the state of Missouri.
  • Mexican marijuana is imported into Missouri primarily on interstate highways in automobiles, commercial trucks, vans, horse trailers, rental trucks, and motor homes from the southwest border.
  • There has been a greater availability of higher purity "BC Bud" marijuana in Missouri from Canada and the northwest United States.
  • Indoor marijuana grow operations are found in the St. Louis and Kansas City areas of Missouri.
  • Outdoor grow operations are found in the rural parts of the state.Missouri.

  • PCP is a problem in both the Kansas City and St. Louis areas of Missouri.
  • The availability of PCP is more of a problem in the Kansas City area of Missouri, but St. Louis law enforcement reports a spike in the availability of the drug in the St. Louis area on from time to time.
  • LSD is found in Missouri, though its abuse is not believed to be widespread.
  • Khat is mainly abused by immigrants in Missouri, from eastern African countries such as Somalia.
  • Khat has been encountered by law enforcement in highway interdictions in Missouri.

  • Current reports show that diversion of hydrocodone products such as Vicodin®, and oxycodone products such as OxyContin® continues to be a problem in Missouri.
  • Alprazolam, methadone, codeine, Adderall® and Ritalin® were reported as being among the most commonly abused and diverted pharmaceuticals in Missouri.
  • Primary methods of diversion of pharmaceuticals in Missouri are forged prescriptions, employee theft, pharmacy theft, illegal sale and distribution by health care professionals and workers, "doctor shopping", and via Internet purchases.

  • In 1995 a program was created known as the DEA Mobile Enforcement Teams, or "MET". This was in response to the overwhelming problem of drugs and drug-related crimes across the nation. There have been MET deployments in the State of Missouri since the inception of the program: Sikeston, Fountain Park, St. Charles County, Audrain County, Crystal City, Berkeley, Hannibal, Franklin County (2), Joplin, and Springfield.
  • In 1999 a program was created known at the Regional Enforcement Teams, or "RET". This program was designed to augment existing DEA division resources by targeting drug organizations operating in the United States where there is a lack of sufficient local drug law enforcement. It targets organizations that have established networks of cells to conduct drug trafficking operations in smaller, non-traditional trafficking locations in the United States. There has been one RET deployment in the state of Missouri since the inception of the program, in Springfield/Joplin.
  • There were 609 drug violation arrests in Missouri in 2007.

  • Missouri’s central location in the United States makes it a crucial transportation center for drug trafficking organizations.
  • Missouri has two International Airports (St. Louis and Kansas City) and is crossed by three major east-west interstate highways used by organizations transporting drugs from the southwest border to the eastern United States and drug proceeds returning west.
  • Interstates 44, 64, and 70 pass through Missouri from east to west, and Interstates 29, 35, and 55 pass through the state in a north south direction.
  • Law enforcement agencies throughout Missouri conduct interdiction programs seizing large quantities of drugs and currency. These seizures don't normally originate in or are destined for the state of Missouri.
  • The St. Louis Division in Missouri maintains an aggressive program to assist in controlled deliveries to other divisions, and to pass investigative information based on intelligence gathered during the highway interdictions. The controlled deliveries and leads in Missouri have provided evidence and information to ongoing investigations in other divisions, often targeting the highest levels of drug trafficking.

  • The majority of the drug trafficking organizations within the state of Missouri bring drug proceeds back to source countries/regions through bulk currency shipments, often utilizing the same vehicles used to transport the drugs to Missouri.
  • Organizations also utilize other money laundering methods in Missouri such as micro structuring through traditional financial institutions, the use of money remitters, and casinos, though most of the financial operations appear to be less sophisticated.
  • State Policy Offices : Missouri

    Governor's Office Office of the Governor
    State Capitol, Room 216
    Jefferson City, MO 65102
    (314) 751-3222

    State Legislative Contact Committee on Legislative Research
    State Capitol, Room 117A
    Jefferson City, MO 65101
    (314) 751-4223

    State Drug Program Coordinator Interagency Working Group for Drug and Alcohol
    P.O. Box 687
    Jefferson City, MO 65102
    (314) 751-4942

    State Criminal Justice Offices : Missouri

    Attorney General's Office Office of the Attorney General
    Supreme Court Building
    P.O. Box 899
    Jefferson City, MO 65102
    (314) 751-3321

    Law Enforcement Planning Missouri Department of Public Safety
    Truman State Office Building,Eighth Floor
    301 West High Street
    Jefferson City, MO 65102-0749
    (314) 751-4905

    Crime Prevention Offices Crime Prevention/DARE Unit
    Springfield Police Department
    2825 South Glenstone
    Springfield, MO 65804
    (417) 882-0114 or 882-0450

    Missouri Department of Public Safety Statewide Crime Prevention Resource Center
    Truman State Office Building,Room 870
    Jefferson City, MO 65102
    (314) 751-4905

    Statistical Analysis Center Information Systems Division
    Missouri Highway Patrol
    1510 East Elm Street
    Jefferson City, MO 65102
    (314) 751-4026

    BJA Strategy Preparation Agency Missouri Department of Public Safety
    Truman State Office Building
    P.O. Box 749
    Jefferson City, MO 65102-0749
    (314) 751-4905

    Judicial Agency Office of State Courts Administrator
    1105R Southwest Boulevard
    Jefferson City, MO 65109
    (314) 751-4377

    Corrections Agency Board of Probation and Parole
    Department of Corrections and Human Resources
    117 Commerce Street
    Jefferson City, MO 65102
    (314) 751-2389

    State Health Offices : Missouri

    RADAR Network Agency Missouri Division of Alcohol and Drug Abuse
    1915 Southridge Drive
    Jefferson City, MO 65109
    (314) 751-4942

    HIV-Prevention Program Missouri Department of Health
    Bureau of STD/AIDS Prevention
    1730 East Elm Street
    P.O. Box 570
    Jefferson City, MO 65102
    (314) 751-6141 or (800) 533-AIDS (Missouri AIDS
    Information Line)

    Drug and Alcohol Agency Missouri Division of Alcohol and Drug Abuse
    Department of Mental Health
    1706 East Elm Street
    Jefferson City, MO 65102
    (314) 751-4942

    State Education Office : Missouri

    State Coordinator for Drug-Free Schools State Department of Elementary and Secondary
    P.O. Box 480
    Jefferson City, MO 65102
    (314) 751-5386

    Drug Rehab and Treatment Facts Missouri

  • In 2008, 67.7% of those in addiction treatment located in Missouri were male.
  • 32.3% of the individuals in drug addiction treatment residing in Missouri during 2008 were female.
  • The largest age group admitted into to drug rehab during 2008 in Missouri was between the ages of 21-25 (15.8%).
  • The second largest age group attending drug rehabilitation in Missouri during 2008 were between the ages of 36-40 (14.5%).
  • 69% of the individuals in drug treatment located in Missouri during 2008 were Caucasian.
  • Drug Facts

    MDMA, best known as ecstasy, is a drug usually taken in pill form, often in social settings such as parties, clubs, or raves. (A rave is a wild overnight dance party that typically involves huge crowds of people, loud techno music, and illegal drug use.) By 2004, however, ecstasy use had spread beyond the party scene. According to the Office of National Drug Control Policy of the Executive Office of the President: "[R]esearch indicates that the use of MDMA is moving to settings other than nightclubs, such as private homes, high schools, college dorms, and shopping malls." The illegal substance produces a variety of effects on behavior and basic metabolism (bodily function). Some of these effects are temporarily pleasant. The user may feel happy, more in tune with others, and more energetic. Other effects are not so welcome. These include clenched jaws, DEHYDRATION, and dangerous fever.
    Neurotransmitter = any endogenous compound that plays a role in synaptic nervous transmission.
    A study conducted in three large metropolitan areas of the United States showed that illegal drug use strongly increased the likelihood that users would meet a violent death—in other words, die from intentional injury. This study looked at marijuana, cocaine, heroin, amphetamines, and barbiturates. The study found that drug users were seven times more likely than non-users to commit suicide, and five times more likely to be murdered. Subjects using both drugs and alcohol were seventeen times more likely to commit suicide, and twelve times more likely to die from homicide than non-users.
    In a club or rave setting, an ecstasy user might dance nonstop for hours, "feeling" the music with a heightened sense of awareness. However, repeated incidents have shown that crowded clubs prove a bad setting for ecstasy use. The drug's side effects can be intensified by heat, exercise, and dehydration.