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Drug Rehab, Arkansas

Drug Rehab Arkansas


Arkansas

The state of Arkansas entered the union on June 15, 1836 and was the twenty-fifth state to do so. Their state motto is Regnat populous (The people rule) and nickname is The Natural State. The apple blossom is the state flower of Arkansas and the pine is their state tree. Little Rock is the capital of Arkansas and the state’s abbreviation is AR. The 2010 census population of this state was 2,915,918 people. Of the 2,915,918 people living in Arkansas in 2010, 1,431,637 were Male; Female: 1,484,281. White: 2,245,229 (77.0%); Black: 449,895 (15.4%); American Indian: 22,248 (0.8%); Asian: 36,102 (1.2%); Other race: 99,571 (3.4%); Two or more races: 57,010 (2.0%); Hispanic/Latino: 186,050 (6.4%). 2010 population 18 and over: 2,204,443; 65 and over: 419,981; median age: 37.4.

Arkansas Drug and Alcohol Treatment Categories include but are not limited to the following:

Arkansas Drug Rehab Programs

Many people feel like failures if they need to go to a Arkansas drug rehab. Nothing can be further from the truth. If you are admitting you need help, whether it be for alcoholism or drug addiction, you are already a better and stronger person. When the time comes that you that you want to get help for your addiction problem, confide in a friend or family member and ask them to assist you in finding a Arkansas drug rehab program. That is the first step in saving your life. Keep in mind though, this is only the beginning and there are more realizations to come.

Go to a Arkansas drug rehabilitation facility for your future, or you might as well not have one. If you can't do it for yourself, then do it for the ones that love you. Do it now! The longer you wait to address your addiction problem, the harder it may become.



Arkansas Addiction Counseling

Arkansas addiction treatment programs can include but are not limited to methadone detox, OxyContin detox, or drug and/or alcohol counseling. If you feel that you are in need of help, look into addiction treatment. There you can find the information about the treatment you need to end your addiction. You can also find out ways to perform a drug intervention amongst family and friends on a loved one that wants to get better but does not have the reasoning capacity to make logical decisions due to the irrational mind altering effects of their drug use. Many people go to a Arkansas addiction treatment program kicking and screaming after a successful intervetion, but as they begin to feel better and start to turn their life around they become quite happy being there and begin to appreciate family members for being proactive and getting them into a Arkansas drug rehab program and provide the help they so badly need.

There are many reasons why you should stop using, but you need to find out your own personal reasons. When you go to an addiction treatment program there are many theraputic benifits there to help understand your addiction and thereby help you to live a drug and alcohol free life. It is then up to you to stop the cycle.



Arkansas Addiction Treatment Programs

Arkansas addiction treatment programs can include but are not limited to methadone detox, OxyContin detox, or drug and/or alcohol counseling. If you feel that you are in need of help, look into addiction treatment. There you can find the information about the treatment you need to end your addiction. You can also find out ways to perform a drug intervention amongst family and friends on a loved one that wants to get better but does not have the reasoning capacity to make logical decisions due to the irrational mind altering effects of their drug use. Many people go to a Arkansas addiction treatment program kicking and screaming after a successful intervetion, but as they begin to feel better and start to turn their life around they become quite happy being there and begin to appreciate family members for being proactive and getting them into a Arkansas drug rehab program and provide the help they so badly need.

There are many reasons why you should stop using, but you need to find out your own personal reasons. When you go to an addiction treatment program there are many theraputic benifits there to help understand your addiction and thereby help you to live a drug and alcohol free life. It is then up to you to stop the cycle.



Arkansas Group Meetings

Arkansas group meetings can complement and extend the effects of professional drug addiction treatment. Many drug addiction treatment programs encourage patients to participate in meetings during and after formal treatment.

Meetings are many times free of charge, self-governing, and self-supporting. Information regarding day, time, and locations of meetings can be found by calling a central group telephone number in the yellow pages under "Alcoholism" and "Drug Abuse and Addiction". Typically group meetings are held one or more times a week, at the same location and at the same time. Meetings focus on members sharing with other members their experience, strength, and hope in terms of recovery from alcoholism and drug addiction.



Arkansas Inpatient Drug Rehab

Arkansas inpatient Drug Rehab: When patients check into a Arkansas drug/alcohol rehab or drug rehab facility and live on the premises, they are undergoing inpatient drug addiction treatment. A Arkansas inpatient drug rehab can be in a variety of locations. Many people think of inpatient rehabs as hospitals or similar accommodations, however, this is not always the case. Inpatient drug rehab takes place in residential settings as well. In fact, the preferred treatment environment in a lot of inpatient drug rehabilitation situations would be one that was less restrictive than a hospital. Yet the drug rehab center should also have supervision and structure, such as a residential inpatient drug rehab. These programs often offer supervised detoxification that may involve medication in a hospital setting or social detoxification (i.e. no medication) in a non-hospital setting.



Arkansas Outpatient Drug Rehab

The ultimate goal of a Arkansas outpatient drug rehab program is long-term abstinence from drugs and alcohol. This is achieved by educating and treating clients with addiction issues so that they may re-enter society and lead responsible, successful, drug and alcohol free lives by using the tools of recovery. It is important that a Arkansas outpatient drug rehab recognize and fulfill each client.s needs by helping them attain a thorough understanding of themselves and the recovery process.

Arkansas Outpatient drug rehab programs are designed for clients who do not require a more structured environment to maintain sobriety and who are not in acute withdrawal. Most include individualized treatment planning, educational and process groups several times per week, and individual counseling. Appropriate referrals are made to community-based self help groups, vocational agencies, and other necessary ancillary services. Outpatient drug rehabs give the individual an opportunity to interact with the real world environment while still benefiting from a peer-oriented, structured therapeutic program. Clients. progress is assessed regularly by clinical staff to help determine the length of the program for each participant. Safe and supportive living in our sober living homes is highly recommended during the outpatient treatment process.



Arkansas Residential Treatment

Arkansas residential drug treatment for drug abuse and addiction has existed for over 40 years. Arkansas residential drug treatment, also known as therapeutic communities are located in residential settings and use a hierarchical model with treatment stages that reflect increased levels of personal and social responsibility. The idea behind residential treatment is that the individual suffering from drug addiction is able to live in an environment which is drug free. They begin to see how to live life without drugs and alcohol through their time spent away from their previous environment. As time progresses they are able to handle more and more responsibility within the residential treatment facility and are expected to be part of the community in which they live. This means helping those who are just beginning as well as those around them.

Arkansas residential drug treatment is different than other treatment methods in many ways. Individuals are able to leave their drug using environment and enter into a clean and sober atmosphere. Their reminders of drugs such as the cabinet where they kept their alcohol or the drawer where they kept their stash are no longer a temptation reminding them of their drug addiction. Additionally, individuals are able to associate with others who share their same goal of addiction recovery 24 hours a day 7 days a week. This availability of individuals and professional staff at any hour is invaluable when a person is going through a Arkansas residential drug treatment to overcome their addiction problem and start a new and better life.



Arkansas Drug Intervention

Drug intervention is a process that helps a drug addict recognize the extent of their problem. Individuals who are addicted to drugs or alcohol usually do not know their addiction is out of control. They tend to look at those around them as a measure of how right or wrong their actions are. These individuals need objective feedback on their behavior. It is through a non-judgmental, non-critical, systematic drug intervention process that the individual is able to see their own lifestyle choices. When they truly understand the impact that their alcohol dependence or drug addiction has on others, they may truly begin to see they are hurting those around them.

The goal of drug intervention is for the addict to accept the reality of their drug addiction and to seek help. The process of conducting a drug intervention is a difficult and delicate matter. It is important that it is done correctly, otherwise the individual may feel cornered and become defensive. Advice from a trained professional is useful in determining the proper strategy and timing for your specific drug intervention.



Arkansas Alcohol Intervention

Alcohol intervention is a process that helps an individual who has problems with alcohol recognize the extent of their situation. Those who have a problem with alcohol usually do not know they are out of control. They look at their alcohol-using peers/friends and their own use appears normal in comparison. They need objective feedback on their behavior. Through a non-judgmental, non-critical, systematic process, the individual is confronted with the impact of their alcohol abuse. The goal of alcohol intervention is for them to accept the reality of their problem and to seek help.

An alcohol intervention can be difficult and delicate matter without professional help. It is very important that they be done properly. No alcohol intervention should be undertaken without advice and counsel of a professional experienced in the alcohol intervention process. Furthermore, since people embarking on an alcohol intervention often feel ambivalent and apprehensive, it is important that they trust the interventionist who is advising them.



Arkansas Drug Detox

The goal of drug detox is to rid the body of toxins accumulated by drug use. The first step of detox is withdrawal. Withdrawal is "the act or process of ceasing to use an addictive drug." Once an individual has discontinued using drugs physical and behavioral withdrawal symptoms may follow. Drug detox is a process that helps diminish the uncomfortable symptoms of withdrawal.

Drug detox is performed in many different ways depending on where you decide to receive treatment. Most drug detox centers simply provide treatment to avoid physical withdrawal to alcohol & other drugs. A quality drug rehab program will not only provide the individual with a professional drug detox but also provide treatment for the psychological root cause of the individual's addiction problem, so as to decrease the chances of relapse.

Drug detox can be viewed in three separate stages:

  1. Medical Detox: A medical doctor will need to supervise your medical withdrawal from drugs, ensuring you complete this phase safely and with minimal complications. Medical detox can take several days.
  2. Physical Detox: Once your body is no longer dependent on drugs, you will need to work on building up your physical health. A nutritionist can be helpful during this phase, enabling you to develop a balanced diet to help you through the rest of the drug detox process.
  3. Emotional Detox: Detox can be extremely difficult on your emotional health, which is why most treatment centers offer counseling during detox. Because drugs have become an integral part of your mental, emotional and social life, you will need emotional help as you detox.


Arkansas Alcohol Detox

Arkansas alcohol detox is the first step in the alcohol treatment process. What does it mean to enter a Arkansas alcohol detox? The definition of detoxification is as follows: "A treatment for addiction to drugs or alcohol intended to rid the body of the addictive substances, and the physiological and mental readjustment that accompanies the process." This definition refers to the physical withdrawal symptoms of alcohol abuse, as well as the psychological symptoms experienced while in alcohol detox.

Alcohol abuse and addiction require detox before beginning treatment and recovery. When alcohol residuals remain in the body, cravings will continue and recovery from alcohol addiction will be very difficult to achieve. Alcohol detox should be done under the care of a licensed medical facility. Attempting to detox from alcohol without the proper professional help is extremely dangerous. It can result in serious physical, psychological, and emotional consequences which can include death.



Arkansas Meth Rehab

Arkansas meth rehab is a necessity for those looking to put an end to their meth addiction. Meth addiction is a very serious and sometimes life threatening dilemma. Not only is it difficult for the addict, it is extremely hard on those around them who care about them. For the addict, admitting they have an addiction problem can be difficult. However painful this may be, it must be acknowledged as the first gradient to overcoming the problem. The next hurdle is being willing to seek & accept help from a Arkansas meth rehab. It can be hard for an individual to confront the fact that they can not recover from their meth addiction alone. Once the individual accepts the fact that attending a Arkansas meth rehab is necessary, it is time to seek the appropriate professional treatment. Arkansas meth rehab programs based on the social education modality are highly successful. This means that individuals who are recovering from meth addiction are not made wrong for their past indiscretions, but are taught how to avoid future ones. They are provided with knowledge on how to change their lives and how to live comfortably without meth. Research studies show that residential meth rehab programs of at least 3 months in duration have the best success rates. Three months may seem like a long time, but one day in the life of an individual addicted to meth can feel like an eternity. Addiction is a self imposed hellish slavery. The chains can be broken, people do it everyday.



Arkansas Cocaine Rehab

Attending a Arkansas cocaine rehab center will help cocaine abusers recovery from their addiction. They will provide counseling to the individual to help them cope with their feelings of depression and to help them find a new way to feel happy and satisfied. The first step of cocaine detox is admitting that they do have a problem with cocaine. However, the first few days of the cocaine detox process will be the most difficult for the individual. They must find new things to occupy their mind and if they can get through the first week, the individual is most likely to be successful. While the individual will still feel cravings for the drug, he or she will have to develop new habits or they may be prone to return to their previous drug use habits. While it may be difficult, the user needs to know there is a lot of help available to them. There are many Arkansas cocaine rehab facilities that will assist the individual with their cocaine detox and give them the tools they need to successfully beat their cocaine addiction.



Arkansas Heroin Rehab

Whether a person may need a Arkansas Heroin rehab is dependent upon the severity of the heroin addiction problem and the motivation of the individual. Some users may go to a Arkansas heroin rehab voluntarily and have the support of family, friends, and workplace; others may be sent to a Arkansas heroin rehab by the courts against their will and have virtually no support system. Recovery from heroin addiction is possible for both scenarios if the individuals applies the knowledge they learn to their life once they have left heroin rehab program.

Heroin detoxification is only the first step of a heroin rehab program and by itself does little to change long-term drug use. Detoxification safely manages the acute physical symptoms of withdrawal associated with stopping drug use. While detoxification alone is rarely sufficient to help addicts achieve long-term abstinence, for some individuals it is a strongly indicated precursor to effective heroin addiction treatment.

The appropriate duration for an individual in a Arkansas heroin rehab depends on his or her problems and needs. Research indicates that for most patients, the threshold of significant improvement is reached at about 3 months in treatment. After this threshold is reached, additional heroin addiction treatment can produce further progress toward recovery. Because people often leave treatment prematurely, programs should include strategies to engage and keep patients in treatment.



Arkansas Drug Trends
Population in Arkansas: 2,779,154
State Prison Population in Arkansas: 13,807
Probation Population in Arkansas: 29,128
Violent Crime Rate in Arkansas:
National Ranking: 15
2007 Federal Drug Seizures in Arkansas:
Cocaine seized in Arkansas: 181.6
Heroin seized in Arkansas: 0.0 kgs.
Methamphetamine seized in Arkansas: 17.9 kgs.
Marijuana seized in Arkansas: 3,788.5 kgs.
Hashish seized in Arkansas: 0.0 kgs.
MDMA seized in Arkansas: 0.0 kgs./51 du
Meth Lab Incidents in Arkansas: 240
(DEA, Arkansas, and local city Law Enforcement)
Drug Situation in Arkansas:

  • Drug abuse remains a serious problem in Arkansas, coinciding with the smuggling of methamphetamine, cocaine, and marijuana for local consumption and further distribution.
  • The largest quantities of drugs are seized on Arkansas interstates, particularly Interstate 40.
  • Each year, tens of thousands of pounds of marijuana and hundreds of kilograms of cocaine are seized in Arkansas. Most large seizures involve tractor-trailers, although private vehicles are also used, particularly methamphetamine seizures. Large quantities of drugs are also seized from other forms of transportation including commercial air and bus service.

  • Crack cocaine, as well as powder cocaine has been a long-term problem in Arkansas, especially in the inner cities.
  • Cocaine use has been surpassed by methamphetamine use in Arkansas, but is the foremost concern of law enforcement, considering its impact on communities in terms of violent crime, including homicides, principally by street gangs.
  • Cocaine is now readily available in suburban and rural areas of Arkansas due to the movement of street gangs beyond traditional areas of operation.

  • Crack’s explosive growth in Arkansas can be attributed to the drug’s wide availability, inexpensive price, simplicity of conversion from powdered cocaine hydrochloride, and its addictive properties.
  • The black communities of Arkansas are greatly stricken with the crack cocaine problem.
  • Distribution points for crack include Little Rock, Texarkana, El Dorado, Hot Springs, and Dumas. Cocaine is transported into Arkansas in both powder and crack form. Powder cocaine usually arrives in multi-kilogram quantities, while crack arrives in multi-ounce or kilogram quantities.

  • Drug law enforcement agencies in Arkansas do not see heroin use as a significant problem.
  • Heroin trafficking patterns in central Arkansas are difficult to monitor, as there have been so few investigations of this type.
  • What little tar heroin is encountered in central Arkansas appears to be imported into the state by the Mexican trafficking organizations.
  • Recently, the DEA Little Rock District Office seized one-gram of tar heroin coming from the Los Angeles area. It had been shipped to Little Rock, Arkansas through a parcel service.
  • The city of Baltimore, Maryland has been noted as a supplier of gram quantities of Colombian heroin encountered in Little Rock, Arkansas. This heroin was also shipped to the recipient through the mail.

  • Methamphetamine has grown from a problem limited to the Southwest and Pacific areas of the United States to Arkansas’ primary drug of concern.
  • Arkansas methamphetamine is produced locally and imported from Mexico.
  • Arkansas's rural landscape provides an ideal setting for illicit manufacturing of methamphetamine.
  • The wide availability of precursor chemicals in Arkansas also contributes to the ease of manufacturing methamphetamine.
  • Criminal groups in Arkansas are acquiring thousands of cases of pseudoephedrine via wholesalers and use sophisticated schemes to illegally ship, at a considerable profit, pseudoephedrine to methamphetamine producers.
  • There were 240 Methamphetamine lab incidents in Arkansas in 2007.

  • MDMA is the most prevalent and popular club drug in Arkansas.
  • LSD, OxyContin and GHB are also increasing in use and popularity in Arkansas. These dangerous drugs continue to be the drugs of choice at "raves" and college hangouts throughout Arkansas.
  • Sources in California transport LSD to the Little Rock and Fayetteville areas for redistribution Arkansas.
  • The LSD in Arkansas is sold in several different forms including blotter paper and small vials of liquid.
  • Shipments of LSD to Arkansas are also mailed through the U.S. Postal Service and commercial shipping companies.

  • Marijuana is in high demand and easily available throughout Arkansas.
  • Mexican produced and domestically grown marijuana are both popular in the Arkansas.
  • The rural nature of the land, the warm climate, and long growing season in Arkansas give cultivators the perfect opportunity to produce domestic marijuana.
  • The eastern and northwestern regions of Arkansas are the traditional growing areas for domestically produced marijuana, and it is cultivated indoors as well as outdoors.
  • Indoor cultivation of marijuana in Arkansas is found in cities and occasionally in rural areas, and each site offers fifty to two hundred plants.
  • The outdoor growing sites in Arkansas range from small patches of twenty to several hundred plants. The plants are scattered throughout an area located near a water source.
  • Plots are usually located within a mile or two radius of each other.
  • Outdoor sites of marijuana plots in Arkansas have become scarce due to intensified air surveillance by law enforcement.
  • Asset forfeiture laws have been enforced on cultivators of marijuana in Arkansas. This has caused the cultivators to utilize leased hunting land, timberland, or national forest land as grow sites. The DEA Fayetteville Resident Office maintains a close working relationship with the U.S. Forestry Service in view of the unique marijuana situation in northwest Arkansas.

  • The use of hydrocodone products such as Vicodin® and oxycodone products such as OxyContin®, as well as morphine and pseudoephedrine, continues to be a problem in Arkansas. These drugs are being obtained in Arkansas through the illegal sale and distribution by healthcare professionals and workers, "doctor shopping" (going to a number of doctors to obtain prescriptions for a controlled pharmaceutical), forged prescriptions, employee theft, pharmacy theft, and the Internet.
  • Demerol® and Dilaudid® were also identified as being among the most commonly abused and diverted pharmaceuticals in Arkansas.
  • Drug violation arrests in Arkansas was at 375 for 2007 and has been on a steady incline for at least the past 5 years per statistics.

  • The DEA Regional Enforcement Team was designed to augment existing DEA division resources by targeting drug organizations operating in the United States where there is a lack of sufficient local drug law enforcement. This Program was conceived in 1999 in response to the threat posed by drug trafficking organizations that have established networks of cells to conduct drug trafficking operations in smaller, non-traditional trafficking locations in the United States. As of January 32005, there have been 27 deployments nationwide, and one deployment in the U.S. Virgin Islands, resulting in 671 arrests.
  • There have been no RET deployments in the State of Arkansas.

  • The Little Rock District Office in Arkansas is in the process of organizing two HIDTA initiatives in an effort to join the Gulf Coast HIDTA. The two initiatives will each consist of two task force groups, one Major Investigations Team and one Highway Interdiction Team. One initiative will be located in Little Rock, Arkansas and the other will be located in Fort Smith.

  • State Drug Offices: Arkansas

    State Policy Offices Arkansas

    Governor's Office Arkansas Office of the Governor
    State Capitol, Room 250
    Little Rock, Arkansas 72201

    State Legislative Contact Arkansas Bureau of Legislative Research Arkansas
    Legislative Council
    State Capitol, Room 315
    Fifth and Woodlane
    Little Rock, Arkansas 72201

    State Drug Program Coordinator Arkansas State Drug Director
    State Capitol, Suite 250
    Little Rock, Arkansas 72201

    State Criminal Justice Offices Arkansas

    Attorney General's Office Arkansas Office of the Attorney General
    200 Tower Building
    323 Center Street
    Little Rock, Arkansas 72201

    Law Enforcement Planning Arkansas Law Enforcement Standards and Training Commission
    P. O. Box 3106
    East Camden, Arkansas 71701

    Crime Prevention Office Arkansas Arkansas Crime Information Center Arkansas
    Office of Crime Prevention
    One Capitol Mall 4D–200
    Little Rock, Arkansas 72201

    Statistical Analysis Center Arkansas Special Services Section Arkansas
    Arkansas Crime Information Center
    One Capitol Mall, 4D–200
    Little Rock, Arkansas 72201

    Uniform Crime Reports Program Arkansas Arkansas Crime Information Center
    One Capitol Mall, 4D–200
    Little Rock, Arkansas 72201

    BJA Strategy Preparation Agency Arkansas Department of Finance and Administration Arkansas
    Office of Intergovernmental Services
    1515 Building, Suite 417
    Little Rock, Arkansas 72203

    Judicial Agency Arkansas Administrative Office of the Courts Arkansas
    Supreme Court of Arkansas
    Justice Building
    Little Rock, Arkansas 72201

    Corrections Agency Arkansas Department of Corrections
    P.O. Box 8707
    Pine Bluff, Arkansas 71611

    State Health Offices Arkansas

    RADAR Network Agency Arkansas Bureau of Alcohol and Drug Abuse Prevention Arkansas
    Freeway Medical Center
    5800 West 10th Street, Suite 907
    Little Rock, Arkansas 72204

    HIV-Prevention Program Arkansas Arkansas Department of Health
    Division of AIDS/STD
    4815 West Markham, Slot #33
    Little Rock, Arkansas 72205

    Drug and Alcohol Agency Arkansas Bureau of Alcohol and Drug Abuse Prevention Arkansas
    Department of Health
    Freeway Medical Center
    5800 West 10th Street, Suite 907
    Little Rock, Arkansas 72204

    State Coordinator for Drug-Free Schools Arkansas Arkansas Department of Education Arkansas
    Drug Education Program
    #4 Capitol Mall, Room 202B
    Little Rock, Arkansas 72201–1071




    Drug Rehab and Treatment Facts Arkansas

  • In 2008, 71.7% of those in addiction treatment located in State were male.
  • 28.3% of the individuals in drug addiction treatment residing in State during 2008 were female.
  • The largest age group admitted into to drug rehab during 2008 in State was between the ages of 21-25 (15.8%).
  • The second largest age group attending drug rehabilitation in State during 2008 were between the ages of 26-30 (15.2%).
  • 73.3% of the individuals in drug treatment located in State during 2008 were Caucasian.
  • Drug Facts

    A fact about alcohol and pregnancy. Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is one of the most common known causes of infant mental retardation, and is the only cause of this deformity that is preventable. Babies with classic FAS are born abnormally small and typically do not manifest normal growth as they get older. Babies with FAS may be born with small eyes, small flat cheeks, or a short or upturned nose. Moreover, the organs, especially the heart, of the babies with FAS may not develop properly.
    Driving and Drugs: The role of alcohol in traffic and other injuries is well documented, but determining the effects of other drugs, both legal and illegal, on driving is more difficult. This is true for three reasons: (1) Few drivers who are not involved in crashes volunteer to provide blood samples so their drug levels can be compared with drug levels in blood samples obtained from collision victims; (2) It is very difficult to determine how drug levels in the blood are related to the drug's actions in the brain, and it is those actions in the brain that cause impaired behavior; and (3) It can be difficult to determine how the interactions of various combinations of drugs, with or without alcohol, may contribute to impairment. One study was designed to get around the first problem. Researchers studied only drivers who had been in crashes. They divided the drivers into two groups—those who were responsible for the crash and those who were not—and studied blood samples from each. The drivers who caused crashes had higher levels of prescription drugs, such as antidepressants and tranquilizers, or over-the-counter drugs, such as antihistamines or cold medicines, in their blood than the other drivers. Other researchers examined the presence of drugs in blood specimens from 1,882 fatally injured drivers. Drugs, both illicit and prescription, were found in 18 percent of the fatalities. Marijuana was found in 6.7 percent, cocaine in 5.3 percent, tranquilizers in 2.9 percent, and amphetamines in 1.9 percent of these fatally injured drivers. Crash-responsibility rates increased significantly as the number of drugs in the driver increased. Many drug users used several drugs simultaneously, and these drivers had the highest collision rates.
    Amphetamines can produce severe systemic effects, including cardiac irregularities and gastric disturbances. Chronic use often results in insomnia, hyperactivity, irritability, and aggressive behavior. Addiction can result in psychosis or death from overexhaustion or cardiac arrest. Amphetamine-induced psychosis often mimics schizophrenia, with paranoia and hallucinations.
    Nazi leaders distributed millions of doses of methamphetamine in tablets called Pervitin to their infantry, sailors and airmen in World War II. It wasn't just the military that was amping up on the stuff -- Pervitin was sold to the German public beginning in 1938, and over-the-counter meth became quite popular. When supplies ran low on the war front, soldiers would write to their families requesting shipments of speed. In one four-month period in 1940, the German military was fed more than 35 million speed tablets. Though the pills were known to cause adverse health effects in some soldiers, it was also immediately realized that stimulants went a long way toward the Nazi dream of creating supersoldiers. As the war neared its conclusion, a request was sent from high command for a drug that would boost morale and fighting ability, and Germany's scientists responded with a pill called D-IX that contained equal parts cocaine and painkiller (5 mg of each), as well as Pervitin (3 mg). The pill was put into a testing stage, but the war ended before it reached the general military population.